dumb


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dumb

 (dŭm)
adj. dumb·er, dumb·est
1.
a. Lacking the power of speech. Used of animals and inanimate objects.
b. Offensive Incapable of using speech; mute. Used of humans. See Usage Note at mute.
2. Temporarily speechless, as with shock or fear: I was dumb with disbelief.
3. Unwilling to speak; taciturn.
4. Not expressed or articulated in sounds or words: dumb resentment.
5. Nautical Not self-propelling.
6. Conspicuously unintelligent; stupid: dumb officials; a dumb decision.
7. Unintentional; haphazard: dumb luck.
tr.v. dumbed, dumb·ing, dumbs
To make silent or dumb.
Phrasal Verb:
dumb down (or up)
Slang To rewrite for a less educated or less sophisticated audience.

[Middle English, from Old English.]

dumb′ly adv.
dumb′ness n.

dumb

(dʌm)
adj
1. lacking the power of human speech: dumb animals.
2. (Pathology) offensive lacking the power to speak, either because of defects in the vocal organs or because of hereditary deafness
3. temporarily lacking or bereft of the power to speak: struck dumb.
4. refraining from speech; uncommunicative
5. producing no sound; silent: a dumb piano.
6. made, done, or performed without speech
7. informal
a. slow to understand; dim-witted
b. foolish; stupid. See also dumb down
8. (Military) (of a projectile or bomb) not guided to its target
[Old English; related to Old Norse dumbr, Gothic dumbs, Old High German tump]
ˈdumbly adv
ˈdumbness n

dumb

(dʌm)

adj. -er, -est,
v.
usage: dumb in the sense “lacking the power of speech” is offensive when applied to humans (but not animals), probably because the word also means “stupid; dull-witted.” The noun dummy in the sense “a person who lacks the power of speech,” though rarely used today, is also perceived as offensive, as are the terms deaf-and-dumb and deaf-mute. Use of the term mute is generally acceptable. However, the preferred term is deaf, which makes no reference to an inability to speak.
adj.
1. lacking intelligence or good judgment; stupid; dull-witted.
2. lacking the power of speech (offensive when applied to humans): dumb beasts of the field.
3. temporarily unable to speak: She was struck dumb with amazement.
4. refraining from speech; silent.
5. made, done, etc., without speech.
6. lacking some usual property, characteristic, etc.
7. lacking electronic processing power of its own: a dumb computer terminal. Compare intelligent (def. 4).
v.
8. dumb down, to reduce the intellectual or developmental level of: to dumb down a textbook.
[before 1000; Old English; c. Old High German tump, Old Norse dumbr]
dumb′ly, adv.
dumb′ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.dumb - slow to learn or understand; lacking intellectual acuity; "so dense he never understands anything I say to him"; "never met anyone quite so dim"; "although dull at classical learning, at mathematics he was uncommonly quick"- Thackeray; "dumb officials make some really dumb decisions"; "he was either normally stupid or being deliberately obtuse"; "worked with the slow students"
stupid - lacking or marked by lack of intellectual acuity
2.dumb - temporarily incapable of speaking; "struck dumb"; "speechless with shock"
inarticulate, unarticulate - without or deprived of the use of speech or words; "inarticulate beasts"; "remained stupidly inarticulate and saying something noncommittal"; "inarticulate with rage"; "an inarticulate cry"
3.dumb - lacking the power of human speech; "dumb animals"
inarticulate, unarticulate - without or deprived of the use of speech or words; "inarticulate beasts"; "remained stupidly inarticulate and saying something noncommittal"; "inarticulate with rage"; "an inarticulate cry"
4.dumb - unable to speak because of hereditary deafness
inarticulate, unarticulate - without or deprived of the use of speech or words; "inarticulate beasts"; "remained stupidly inarticulate and saying something noncommittal"; "inarticulate with rage"; "an inarticulate cry"

dumb

adjective
1. unable to speak, mute, without the power of speech a young deaf and dumb man
unable to speak articulate
3. (Informal) stupid, thick, dull, foolish, dense, dozy (Brit. informal), dim, obtuse, unintelligent, asinine, braindead (informal), dim-witted (informal) I came up with this dumb idea.
stupid bright, smart, clever, intelligent, quick-witted
dumb something down trivialize, sensationalize, make shallow, make superficial, make trivial, make frivolous, make less intelligent I know it must be tempting to dumb down news.

dumb

adjective
1. Lacking the power or faculty of speech:
2. Temporarily unable or unwilling to speak, as from shock or fear:
3. Lacking in intelligence:
Informal: thick.
Slang: dimwitted, dopey.
Translations
أبْكَمسَخيفصامِت
němýpitomýmlčenlivý
stumtåbeligåndssvagdumstille
mykkätyperäidioottimainen
nijem
hülyenémaostoba
dumbur, mállausheimskulegur, heimskuròögull
口のきけない
말을 못하는
kvailainė žodžio netariantnebylumasnebylysnetekęs žado
deaf and dumbkurlmēmsmēmsmuļķīgsnerunīgs
nemneumen
stumkorkadmeningslös
โง่
câm

dumb

[dʌm] ADJ (dumber (compar) (dumbest (superl)))
1. (Med) → mudo; (with surprise etc) → sin habla
a dumb personun mudo
to become dumbquedar mudo
she's deaf and dumbes sordomuda
dumb animalsanimales mpl indefensos
the dumb millionslos millones que no tienen voz
to be struck dumb (fig) → quedarse sin habla
2. (= stupid) → tonto, bobo
to act dumbhacerse el tonto
don't be so dumb!¡no seas tonto or bobo!
that was a really dumb thing I did!¡lo que hice fue una verdadera tontería or bobada!
he says some dumb things¡dice cada tontería or bobada!
dumb blonderubia f descerebrada or sin seso
as dumb as an oxmás bruto que un arado
dumb down VT + ADVembrutecer, empobrecer intelectualmente

dumb

[ˈdʌm] adj
(= unable to speak) → muet(te)
She's deaf and dumb → Elle est sourde-muette.
to be struck dumb (fig)rester abasourdi(e), être sidéré(e)
(= stupid) [person] → bête; [idea] → stupide
That was a really dumb thing I did! → C'était vraiment stupide de ma part!
dumb down
vt sep [+ programme] → niveler par le bas; [+ culture, education] → niveler par le basdumb-bell dumbbell [ˈdʌmbɛl] nhaltère m

dumb

adj (+er)
(= mute)stumm; (= silent, speechless)sprachlos; (liter: = silent) rage, recognitionwortlos, stumm; dumb animals(unsere stummen Freunde,) die Tiere; she was struck dumb (fig)es verschlug ihr die Sprache; she was struck dumb with fear/shockdie Angst/der Schock verschlug ihr die Sprache; he was in a dumb rageer war stumm vor Wut; don’t give me that dumb insolence!sieh mich nicht so unverschämt an!
(esp US inf: = stupid) → dumm, doof (inf); that was a dumb thing to do/saywie kann man nur so etwas Dummes machen/sagen!; he did one dumb thing after anotherer machte eine Dummheit nach der anderen; to act or play dumbsich dumm stellen

dumb

:
dumbass
n (US sl) → Idiot m (inf), → Nullchecker(in) m(f) (inf)
dumbbell
n (Sport) → Hantel f
dumb blonde
n (pej inf)dümmliche Blondine f (pej)
dumb cluck
n (inf: = fool) → Doofi m (inf)

dumb

:
dumb show
n (Theat) pantomimische Einlage in einem Stück; in dumbin Mimik
dumb terminal
n (Comput) → Einfachterminal nt, → unintelligente Datenstation
dumb waiter
nSpeiseaufzug m; (= trolley)Serviertisch m, → stummer Diener

dumb

[dʌm] adj (-er (comp) (-est (superl)))
a. (Med) → muto/a; (with surprise) → senza parole, ammutolito/a
a dumb person → un(a) muto/a
dumb animals → gli animali
to be struck dumb (fig) → restare senza parole, ammutolire
b. (fam) (stupid) → stupido/a
to act dumb → fare lo gnorri
a dumb blonde → una bionda svampita

dumb

(dam) adjective
1. without the power of speech. She was born deaf and dumb; We were struck dumb with astonishment.
2. silent. On this point he was dumb.
3. (especially American) very stupid. What a dumb thing to do!
ˈdumbness noun
ˈdumbly adverb

dumb

أبْكَم němý stum stumm μουγγός mudo mykkä muet nijem muto 口のきけない 말을 못하는 stom stum niemy mudo немой stum โง่ dilsiz câm 哑的

dumb

a. mudo-a; torpe, estúpido-a.

dumb

adj (ant, mute) mudo
References in classic literature ?
They felt this most when singing time came, for Beth could only play, Jo stood dumb as a stone, and Amy broke down, so Meg and Mother sang alone.
He don't know but I know," he shouted, stopping to gaze down into the dumb, unresponsive face of the half-wit.
The two youngsters stayed dumb with amazement before what they considered to be an apparition.
Even so," returned the stranger, nothing daunted by this cold reception; "I have tarried at 'Edward' a week, and I should be dumb not to have inquired the road I was to journey; and if dumb there would be an end to my calling.
Grose listened with dumb emotion; she forbore to ask me what this meaning might be; so that, presently, to put the thing with some coherence and with the mere aid of her presence to my own mind, I went on: "That he's an injury to the others.
Imperial Electors, so these cabin meals were somehow solemn meals, eaten in awful silence; and yet at table old Ahab forbade not conversation; only he himself was dumb.
But the bird has a voice, and with plaintive cries will make known her fear; but the fear of this vast dumb brute of the sea, was chained up and enchanted in him; he had no voice, save that choking respiration through his spiracle, and this made the sight of him unspeakably pitiable; while still, in his amazing bulk, portcullis jaw, and omnipotent tail, there was enough to appal the stoutest man who so pitied.
I hate to be suspicious, and, thank heaven, I have no cause to be, for I can trust my men, present or absent; but there are mean scoundrels, wicked enough to rob a dumb beast of his food.
Ona was with child again now, and it was a dreadful thing to contemplate; even Jurgis, dumb and despairing as he was, could not but understand that yet other agonies were on the way, and shudder at the thought of them.
The same suffering look that was in the page's face was observable in all the faces around -- the look of dumb creatures who know that they must endure and make no moan.
And I beg of you, let her have her way with the dumb animals - they are her worship.
I never have seen another dumb creature that was so morbidly sensitive.