duty


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Related to duty: customs duty, Duty cycle, Duty free

du·ty

 (do͞o′tē, dyo͞o′-)
n. pl. du·ties
1.
a. An act or a course of action that is required of one by position, social custom, law, or religion: the duties of being a critical care nurse.
b. Required action or service: jury duty; beyond the call of duty. See Synonyms at function.
c. Active military service: a tour of duty.
2.
a. Moral or legal obligation: It is your duty to tell the truth.
b. The compulsion felt to meet such obligation: acting out of duty.
3. A tax charged by a government, especially on imports.
4.
a. The application of something for a purpose; use: The dining room table also does duty as a desk.
b. A measure of efficiency expressed as the amount of work done per unit of energy used.
5. The total volume of water required to irrigate a given area in order to cultivate a specific crop until harvest.
Idioms:
duty bound
Obliged: You are duty bound to help your little sister and brother.
off duty
Not engaged in or responsible for assigned work.
on duty
Engaged in or responsible for assigned work.

[Middle English duete, from Anglo-Norman, from due, variant of Old French deu, due; see due.]

duty

(ˈdjuːtɪ)
n, pl -ties
1. a task or action that a person is bound to perform for moral or legal reasons
2. respect or obedience due to a superior, older persons, etc: filial duty.
3. the force that binds one morally or legally to one's obligations
4. (Commerce) a government tax, esp on imports
5. (Mechanical Engineering)
a. the quantity or intensity of work for which a machine is designed
b. a measure of the efficiency of a machine
6. (Agriculture) the quantity of water necessary to irrigate an area of land to grow a particular crop
7. (Military)
a. a job or service allocated
b. (as modifier): duty rota.
8. (Military) do duty for to act as a substitute for
9. off duty not at work
10. on duty at work
[C13: from Anglo-French dueté, from Old French deu due]

du•ty

(ˈdu ti, ˈdyu-)

n., pl. -ties.
1. something that one is expected or required to do by moral or legal obligation.
2. the binding force of something that is morally or legally right; moral or legal obligation.
3. an action or task required by a person's position or occupation: the duties of a clergyman.
4. the respectful and obedient conduct due a parent, elder, or superior.
5. an act or expression of respect.
6. a task or chore that one is expected to perform.
7.
a. an assigned military task, occupation, or place of service: on radar duty.
b. the military service required of a citizen by a country.
8. a specific or ad valorem tax imposed by law on the import or export of goods.
9. a payment, service, etc., imposed and enforceable by law or custom.
10.
a. the amount of work done by an engine per unit amount of fuel consumed.
b. the measure of effectiveness of any machine.
Idioms:
1. do duty as, to serve the same function as; substitute for.
2. off duty, not at one's post or work; at liberty.
3. on duty, at one's post or work.
[1250–1300; < Anglo-French duete; see due, ty2]
syn: duty, obligation refer to something a person feels bound to do. A duty often applies to what a person performs in fulfillment of the permanent dictates of conscience, piety, right, or law: one's duty to tell the truth; a parent's duty to raise children properly. An obligation is what is expected at a particular time in fulfillment of a specific and often personal promise, contract, or agreement: social or financial obligations.

obligation

duty
1. 'obligation' and 'duty'

If you say that someone has an obligation to do something or a duty to do something, you mean that they ought to do it, because it is their responsibility. When obligation and duty are used like this, they have the same meaning.

When teachers assign homework, students usually feel an obligation to do it.
Perhaps it was his duty to tell the police what he had seen.
2. 'duties'

Your duties are the things that you do as part of your job.

She has been given a reasonable time to learn her duties.
They also have to carry out many administrative duties.

Be Careful!
Don't refer to the things that you do as part of your job as 'obligations'.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.duty - the social force that binds you to the courses of action demanded by that forceduty - the social force that binds you to the courses of action demanded by that force; "we must instill a sense of duty in our children"; "every right implies a responsibility; every opportunity, an obligation; every possession, a duty"- John D.Rockefeller Jr
job - the responsibility to do something; "it is their job to print the truth"
safekeeping, guardianship, keeping - the responsibility of a guardian or keeper; "he left his car in my keeping"
social control - control exerted (actively or passively) by group action
moral obligation - an obligation arising out of considerations of right and wrong; "he did it out of a feeling of moral obligation"
noblesse oblige - the obligation of those of high rank to be honorable and generous (often used ironically)
burden of proof - the duty of proving a disputed charge
civic duty, civic responsibility - the responsibilities of a citizen
filial duty - duty of a child to its parents
imperative - some duty that is essential and urgent
incumbency - a duty that is incumbent upon you
legal duty - acts which the law requires be done or forborne
line of duty - all that is normally required in some area of responsibility
white man's burden - the supposed responsibility of the white race to provide care for their non-white subjects
prerequisite, requirement - something that is required in advance; "Latin was a prerequisite for admission"
requirement, demand - required activity; "the requirements of his work affected his health"; "there were many demands on his time"
2.duty - work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal reasonsduty - work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons; "the duties of the job"
work - activity directed toward making or doing something; "she checked several points needing further work"
chore, job, task - a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee; "estimates of the city's loss on that job ranged as high as a million dollars"; "the job of repairing the engine took several hours"; "the endless task of classifying the samples"; "the farmer's morning chores"
role, function, office, part - the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group; "the function of a teacher"; "the government must do its part"; "play its role"
assignment, duty assignment - a duty that you are assigned to perform (especially in the armed forces); "hazardous duty"
3.duty - a government tax on imports or exportsduty - a government tax on imports or exports; "they signed a treaty to lower duties on trade between their countries"
indirect tax - a tax levied on goods or services rather than on persons or organizations
customs, customs duty, impost, custom - money collected under a tariff
tonnage, tonnage duty, tunnage - a tax imposed on ships that enter the US; based on the tonnage of the ship
octroi - a tax on various goods brought into a town
revenue tariff - a tariff imposed to raise revenue
protective tariff - a tariff imposed to protect domestic firms from import competition
import duty - a duty imposed on imports
export duty - a duty imposed on exports
countervailing duty - a duty imposed to offset subsidies by foreign governments

duty

noun
1. responsibility, job, task, work, calling, business, service, office, charge, role, function, mission, province, obligation, assignment, pigeon (informal), onus My duty is to look after the animals.
2. tax, customs, toll, levy, tariff, excise, due, impost Duty on imports would also be reduced.
be the duty of or be someone's duty be up to (informal), rest with, behove (archaic), be (someone's) pigeon (Brit. informal), be incumbent upon, devolve upon It is the duty of the state to maintain the educational system.
off duty off work, off, free, on holiday, not working, on leave, at leisure I'm off duty.
on duty at work, working, busy, engaged, on call, on active service Extra staff had been put on duty.
Quotations
"Our duty is to be useful, not according to our desires but according to our powers" [Henri Frédéric Amiel Journal]
"Without duty, life is soft and boneless; it cannot hold itself together" [Joseph Joubert Pensées]
"When a stupid man is doing something that he is ashamed of, he always declares that it is his duty" [George Bernard Shaw Caesar and Cleopatra]
"Do your duty, and leave the outcome to the Gods" [Pierre Corneille Horace]
"England expects that every man will do his duty" [Horatio Nelson speech at the Battle of Trafalgar]
"Duty, honour! We make these words say whatever we want, the same as we do with parrots" [Alfred Capus Mariage Bourgeois]

duty

noun
1. An act or course of action that is demanded of one, as by position, custom, law, or religion:
2. A piece of work that has been assigned:
3. The condition of being put to use:
4. A compulsory contribution, usually of money, that is required for the support of a government:
Translations
رَسْم، ضَريبَهمُهِمَّه، فَرْضواجبوَاجِبواجِب
obligacióserveitaxa
povinnostcloslužbaúkol
pligttoldafgifthvervopgave
devo
تکلیف
velvollisuustullimaksutyövuoro
dužnostslužba
kötelesség
gjald, tollurskyldaskylduverk
任務
임무
apmuitinamasbe muitoneapmuitinamasneturintis būti tarnyboje
nodevanodoklispienākums
കടമജോലിസമയംതീരുവ
plichttaksvan dienst
carinadolžnostobveznostv službi
plikttjänsttulltullavgift
zamu
หน้าที่
nghĩa vụ

duty

[ˈdjuːtɪ]
A. N
1. (moral, legal) → deber m, obligación f
it is my duty to inform you thates mi deber or obligación informarles de que ...
I feel it to be my dutycreo que es mi deber
it was his duty to tell the policesu deber era decírselo a la policía
I am duty bound to say thates mi deber decir que ...
to do one's duty (by sb)cumplir con su deber (hacia algn, para con algn)
to fail in one's dutyfaltar a su deber
to make it one's duty to do sthencargarse de hacer algo
it is no part of my duty to do thisno me corresponde a mí hacer esto
out of a sense of dutypor sentido del deber
2. (= task, responsibility) → función f, responsabilidad f
my duties consist ofmis funciones or responsabilidades son ...
to do duty asservir de
to do duty forservir en lugar de
to neglect one's dutiesfaltar a sus responsabilidades
to be off duty (gen) → estar libre
an off duty policemanun policía fuera de servicio
to be on duty (Med) [doctor, nurse, sentry] → estar de guardia; [policeman] → estar de servicio (Admin, Scol) → estar de turno
to go on dutyentrar de servicio
to take up one's dutiesentrar en funciones
3. (Fin) (= tax) → derechos mpl
to pay duty on sthpagar derechos por algo
B. CPD duty call Nvisita f de cumplido
duty officer N (Mil) → oficial mf de servicio
duty roster, duty rota Nlista f de turnos

duty

[ˈdjuːti]
n
(= responsibility) [person] → devoir m
My duty is to look after the animals → Mon devoir est de veiller sur les animaux.
to be sb's duty → être le devoir de qn
it is my duty to do sth → il est de mon devoir de faire qch
It was his duty to tell the police → C'était son devoir de prévenir la police.
to make it one's duty to do sth → se faire un devoir de faire qch
(= work) to report for duty → prendre son service
to be on duty [policeman, nurse] (= be working) → être de service, être de garde (= be on night shift) → être de garde
to be off duty → libre, ne pas être de service, ne pas être de garde
to put sb on duty → nommer qn de garde
(= tax) → droit m, taxe f
to pay duty on sth → payer un droit sur qch, payer une taxe sur qch duties
npl (= job) → fonctions fplduty chemist npharmacie f de gardeduty-free [ˌdjuːtiˈfriː] adjhors taxes, exempté(e) de douaneduty-free allowance n quantité autorisée de produits hors taxesduty-frees [ˌdjuːtiˈfriːz] npl (British)marchandises fpl hors taxesduty-free shop nboutique f de marchandises hors taxesduty-free shopping nachat m de marchandises hors taxesduty officer n (POLICE)officier m de permanence

duty

n
Pflicht f; to do one’s dutyseine Pflicht tun; to do one’s duty by somebodyseine Pflicht gegenüber jdm tun or erfüllen; it is my duty to say or I am (in) duty bound to say that …es ist meine Pflicht zu sagen, dass …; one’s duty to one’s parentsseine Pflicht (und Schuldigkeit) seinen Eltern gegenüber; it is my painful duty to admit …ich habe die schwere or traurige Pflicht, Ihnen zu gestehen; you don’t know? but it’s your duty to know!du weißt das nicht? aber es ist deine verdammte Pflicht und Schuldigkeit, es zu wissen!; to make it one’s duty to do somethinges sich (dat)zur Pflicht machen, etw zu tun
(= responsibility)Aufgabe f, → Pflicht f; to take up one’s dutiesseine Pflichten aufnehmen; to report for dutysich zum Dienst melden; to be on duty (doctor etc)im Dienst sein; (Sch etc) → Aufsicht haben; who’s on duty tomorrow?wer hat morgen Dienst/Aufsicht?; he went on duty at 9sein Dienst fing um 9 an; to be off dutynicht im Dienst sein; he comes off duty at 9sein Dienst endet um 9; I’m off duty on TuesdayDienstag habe ich dienstfrei; he was called for overseas dutyer wurde nach Übersee eingezogen; to return to dutyden Dienst wieder aufnehmen; night dutyNachtdienst m; he’s been neglecting his duties as a husbander hat seine ehelichen Pflichten vernachlässigt; the box does duty for a tabledie Kiste dient als Tisch
(Fin: = tax) → Zoll m; to pay duty on somethingZoll auf etw (acc)zahlen ? estate duty

duty

:
duty NCO
nUvD m
duty officer
nOffizier mvom Dienst
duty roster
nDienstplan m

duty

[ˈdjuːtɪ] n
a. (moral, legal) → dovere m
to do one's duty (by sb) → fare il proprio dovere (verso qn)
to make it one's duty to do sth → assumersi l'obbligo di fare qc
b. (often pl, task, responsibility) → mansione f, funzione f
on duty (Med) (in hospital) → di guardia (Mil) → di servizio (Admin, Scol) → di turno
off duty (gen) → fuori servizio (Mil) → in libera uscita
duty rota → piano dei turni di lavoro
c. (tax) → tassa; (at customs) → dazio
to pay duty on sth → pagare il dazio su qc

duty

(ˈdjuːti) plural ˈduties noun
1. what one ought morally or legally to do. He acted out of duty; I do my duty as a responsible citizen.
2. an action or task requiring to be done, especially one attached to a job. I had a few duties to perform in connection with my job.
3. (a) tax on goods. You must pay duty when you bring wine into the country.
ˈdutiable adjective
(of goods) on which tax is to be paid.
ˈdutiful adjective
(negative undutiful) careful to do what one should. a dutiful daughter.
ˌduty-ˈfree adjective
free from tax. duty-free wines.
off duty not actually working and not liable to be asked to do so: The doctor's off duty this weekend; () adjective (etc)
She spends her off-duty hours at home.
on duty
carrying out one's duties or liable to be asked to do so during a certain period. I'm on duty again this evening.

duty

وَاجِب povinnost pligt Pflicht καθήκον deber velvollisuus devoir dužnost dovere 任務 임무 plicht plikt obowiązek dever долг plikt หน้าที่ görev nghĩa vụ 关税

duty

n. deber, obligación; [tax] impuesto;
on ___de guardia.
References in classic literature ?
I know they will remember all I said to them, that they will be loving children to you, will do their duty faithfully, fight their bosom enemies bravely, and conquer themselves so beautifully that when I come back to them I may be fonder and prouder than ever of my little women.
Pontellier to define to his own satisfaction or any one else's wherein his wife failed in her duty toward their children.
This is not a time for idle subtleties and false opinions," she answered; "but a moment when every duty should be equally considered.
I frequently returned with the spoils of the woods, and as often presented some of what I had taken to him, expressive of duty to my sovereign.
It does weigh on me so not to do my duty in any way!
A long red sofa or bench, which had done duty beside a billiard-table found a place here also.
At all events, Thomas Maule became the architect of the House of the Seven Gables, and performed his duty so faithfully that the timber framework fastened by his hands still holds together.
Two or three of their number, as I was assured, being gouty and rheumatic, or perhaps bed-ridden, never dreamed of making their appearance at the Custom-House during a large part of the year; but, after a torpid winter, would creep out into the warm sunshine of May or June, go lazily about what they termed duty, and, at their own leisure and convenience, betake themselves to bed again.
IF they did escape, then are we bound in duty to lay hands upon them and deliver them again to their lord; for it is not seemly that one of his quality should suffer a so insolent and high-handed outrage from persons of their base degree.
I don't know any more about solitude this week than I did about joy and duty last week," grumbled Rebecca.
The sense of that necessity -- and the sight of those poor girls at the time when I felt my hard duty toward them most painfully -- shook me, as a man of my years and my way of life is not often shaken by any distress in the present or any suspense in the future.
That famous ring that pricked its owner when he forgot duty and followed desire--I wonder if it pricked very hard when he set out on the chase, or whether it pricked but lightly then, and only pierced to the quick when the chase had long been ended, and hope, folding her wings, looked backward and became regret?