Qalib-i-Abid and Massarrat Abid, Punjab Politics: Dyarchy
to Partition, 314.
Papers relating to the application of the principle of dyarchy
to the government of India, to which are appended the report of the Joint select committee and the Government of India act, 1919.
Under the system of dyarchy
there were only a few departments that were open to participation of the people.
115) Qalb-i-Abid and Massarat Abid, Punjab Politics: Dyarchy
to Partition (Lahore: Pakistan Study Centre and Research Society of Pakistan, 2012), 405 and Khushwant Singh, A History of the Sikhs Vol.
In their function of ensuring "international solidarity" in a worldwide globalisation, international organisations represent a novelty in the conceptualisation of empire, since there arises a form of dyarchy
between political and military centres (category 4 countries) and peace-making centres (international organisations), with the function of surveillance (and orientation) being perfomed by the individual, organisations, public opinion and "the multitude", to quote the title of the book by Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri (2004).
That the dyarchy
which saw Manmohan Singh as prime minister even as Sonia Gandhi held the real reins of power had failed was something the leaders failed to acknowledge.
See Kalhan, supra note 12, at 100-05 (identifying and conceptualizing patterns of extraconstitutional change in Pakistan); Mohammad Waseem, Constitutionalism in Pakistan: The Changing Patterns of Dyarchy
, 53 DIOGENES 102, 109 (2006) (arguing that military regimes in Pakistan understand themselves to act "in transitional terms," to facilitate "change[s] in the constitutional edifice according to [their] own preferences and priorities").
was abolished in provinces but retained in the centre.
Bare life is the inferior term in this dyarchy
in that it is the condition that the good life must supersede or overcome.
It really comes to Dyarchy
and nothing else and only means decentralization, greater autonomy for provinces and less scope for parliamentary interference'.
By the end of the Kangxi reign [1661-1722], the Qing was a secure and prosperous empire, with greatly expanded frontiers and a functioning dyarchy
of Chinese and Manchu/Mongol elites.
The tumultuous transition from the traditional Spartan dyarchy
to a Hellenistic-style monarchy, and Sparta's attempts to regain its dominance in the Peloponnese (lost since the battle of Leuktra in 371 B.