early


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Related to early: early pregnancy

ear·ly

 (ûr′lē)
adj. ear·li·er, ear·li·est
1. Of or occurring near the beginning of a given series, period of time, or course of events: in the early morning; scored two runs in the early innings.
2.
a. Of or belonging to a previous or remote period of time: the early inhabitants of the British Isles.
b. Of or belonging to an initial stage of development: an early form of life; an early computer.
3. Occurring, developing, or appearing before the expected or usual time: an early spring; an early retirement.
4. Maturing or developing relatively soon: an early variety of tomato.
5. Occurring in the near future: hoped for an early end to the negotiations.
adv. ear·lier, ear·liest
1.
a. Near the beginning of a given series, period of time, or course of events: departed early in the day; scored important victories early in the campaign.
b. At or near the beginning of the morning: She never used to get up so early.
2. At or during a remote or initial period: decided very early to go into medicine.
3. Before the expected or usual time: arrived at the meeting a few minutes early.
4. Soon in relation to others of its kind: a rose that was cultivated to bloom early.
Idiom:
early on
At an early stage or point: Early on in the movie, the main character loses his job.

[Middle English erli, from Old English ǣrlīce : ǣr, before; see ayer- in Indo-European roots + -līce, adv. suff.; see -ly2.]

ear′li·ness n.

early

(ˈɜːlɪ)
adj, -lier or -liest
1. before the expected or usual time
2. occurring in or characteristic of the first part of a period or sequence
3. occurring in or characteristic of a period far back in time
4. occurring in the near future
5. at the earliest not before the time or date mentioned
6. early days too soon to tell how things will turn out
7. early doors informal esp sport Brit at an early stage
adv, -lier
8. before the expected or usual time
9. near the first part of a period or sequence: I was talking to him earlier.
[Old English ǣrlīce, from ǣr ere + -līce -ly2; related to Old Norse arliga]
ˈearliness n

ear•ly

(ˈɜr li)

adv. and
adj. -li•er, -li•est. adv.
1. in or during the first part of a period of time, course of action, or series of events: early in the year.
2. in the early part of the morning: to get up early.
3. before the usual or appointed time; ahead of time.
4. far back in time: The Greeks early learned to navigate.
adj.
5. occurring in the first part of a period of time, course of action, or series of events: an early hour of the day.
6. occurring before the usual or appointed time: an early dinner.
7. belonging to a period far back in time.
8. occurring in the near future: I look forward to an early reply.
9. Hort. appearing or maturing before most others of its type: early apples.
Idioms:
early on, not long after the beginning.
[before 950; Middle English erlich (adj.), erliche (adv.), Old English ǣrlīc, ǣrlīce]
ear′li•ness, n.

Ear•ly

(ˈɜr li)

n.
Jubal Anderson, 1816–94, Confederate general in the U.S. Civil War.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.early - at or near the beginning of a period of time or course of events or before the usual or expected time; "early morning"; "an early warning"; "early diagnosis"; "an early death"; "took early retirement"; "an early spring"; "early varieties of peas and tomatoes mature before most standard varieties"
first - preceding all others in time or space or degree; "the first house on the right"; "the first day of spring"; "his first political race"; "her first baby"; "the first time"; "the first meetings of the new party"; "the first phase of his training"
late - being or occurring at an advanced period of time or after a usual or expected time; "late evening"; "late 18th century"; "a late movie"; "took a late flight"; "had a late breakfast"
middle - between an earlier and a later period of time; "in the middle years"; "in his middle thirties"
2.early - being or occurring at an early stage of development; "in an early stage"; "early forms of life"; "early man"; "an early computer"
later, late - at or toward an end or late period or stage of development; "the late phase of feudalism"; "a later symptom of the disease"; "later medical science could have saved the child"
later, late - at or toward an end or late period or stage of development; "the late phase of feudalism"; "a later symptom of the disease"; "later medical science could have saved the child"
3.early - belonging to the distant past; "the early inhabitants of Europe"; "former generations"; "in other times"
past - earlier than the present time; no longer current; "time past"; "his youth is past"; "this past Thursday"; "the past year"
4.early - very young; "at an early age"
young, immature - (used of living things especially persons) in an early period of life or development or growth; "young people"
5.early - of an early stage in the development of a language or literature; "the Early Hebrew alphabetical script is that used mainly from the 11th to the 6th centuries B.C."; "Early Modern English is represented in documents printed from 1476 to 1700"
linguistics - the scientific study of language
late - of a later stage in the development of a language or literature; used especially of dead languages; "Late Greek"
middle - of a stage in the development of a language or literature between earlier and later stages; "Middle English is the English language from about 1100 to 1500"; "Middle Gaelic"
6.early - expected in the near future; "look for an early end to the negotiations"
future - yet to be or coming; "some future historian will evaluate him"
Adv.1.early - during an early stage; "early on in her career"
2.early - before the usual time or the time expectedearly - before the usual time or the time expected; "she graduated early"; "the house was completed ahead of time"
belatedly, late, tardily - later than usual or than expected; "the train arrived late"; "we awoke late"; "the children came late to school"; "notice came so tardily that we almost missed the deadline"; "I belatedly wished her a happy birthday"
3.early - in good timeearly - in good time; "he awoke betimes that morning"

early

adverb
1. in good time, beforehand, ahead of schedule, in advance, with time to spare, betimes (archaic) She arrived early to get a good seat.
in good time late, behind
2. too soon, before the usual time, prematurely, ahead of time The snow came early that year.
too soon late, behind
adjective
1. first, opening, earliest, initial, introductory the book's early chapters
2. premature, forward, advanced, untimely, unseasonable I decided to take early retirement.
premature overdue, belated, tardy
3. primitive, first, earliest, young, original, undeveloped, primordial, primeval early man's cultural development
primitive seasoned, developed, mature, ripe
Proverbs
"The early bird catches the worm"
"Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise"

early

adjective
1. At or near the start of a period, development, or series:
2. Of, existing, or occurring in a distant period:
3. Developing, occurring, or appearing before the expected time:
adverb
Before the expected time:
Idioms: ahead of time, in advance, with time to spare.
Translations
بَاكِراًباكِرا، قَبل الأوانفي بِدايَةفي بِدايَة، في المَراحِل المُبَكّرهفي وقتِ مُبَكّر
ранен
brzyčasnýranní ptáčeranývyspávač
tidligældrefor tidligthurtigi begyndelsen
frue
aikainenaikaisinalussaennenaikainenvarhainen
prijevremenranirano
korakoraikorán
snemmasnemma; á undan öîrumeldri/fyrsta/fyrri gerîfyrir tímann; of snemmaskjótur
初期の早い早く
빨리일찍초기의
ankstiankstumasankstyvasankstyvas paukštisankstyvumas
agriagrīnsagrsdrīzspirms laika
prvotnýranýskorý
zgodajzgodnjiprezgodajprezgodnji
tidigttidig
เช้าก่อนเวลาที่กำหนดไว้ช่วงต้น แต่แรก
erkenbaşındabaşlarındaaceleerken/geç kalkan
sớm

early

[ˈɜːlɪ] (earlier (compar) (earliest (superl)))
A. ADJ
1. (= before appointed time)
to be earlyllegar temprano or pronto
you're early!¡llegas temprano or pronto!
you're five minutes earlyllegas con cinco minutos de adelanto
I was half an hour early for the meetingllegué a la reunión con media hora de adelanto, llegué a la reunión media hora antes de que empezase
2. (= before usual time) [death, menopause] → prematuro, temprano
Easter is early this yearla Semana Santa cae pronto este año
early frostsheladas fpl prematuras or tempranas
to have an early lunchalmorzar temprano, comer temprano
she was pressurized into an early marriagela presionaron para que se casase muy joven
to have an early nightacostarse temprano
early retirementjubilación f anticipada
it was an early summerel verano se había adelantado, el verano había llegado pronto
3. (= soon) → pronto
it's too early to sayes demasiado pronto para saber
it will happen in March at the earliestocurrirá en marzo como muy pronto
at your earliest convenience (Comm) → con la mayor brevedad posible
4. (= towards beginning)
4.1. (of morning)
we need two seats on an early flightnecesitamos dos plazas en un vuelo que salga por la mañana temprano or un vuelo a primera hora de la mañana
to get up at an early hourlevantarse temprano, levantarse de madrugada
to keep early hoursacostarse y levantarse temprano
we arrived home in the early hours (of the morning)llegamos a casa de madrugada
we worked until the early hours of the morningtrabajamos hasta altas horas de la madrugada
it was early in the morningera muy de mañana, era muy temprano
in the early morninga primeras horas de la mañana
we went for an early morning drivenos fuimos a dar un paseo en coche por la mañana temprano
to be an early riserser madrugador
to get off to or make an early startsalir temprano
4.2. [period, process] the early days/months/years of sthlos primeros días/meses/años de algo
in the early 60s/70sa principios de los 60/70
she's in her early forties/seventiestiene poco más de cuarenta/setenta añostiene cuarenta/setenta y pocos (años)
she became famous in her early thirtiesse hizo famosa a los treinta y pocos
there were two early goalsse marcaron dos goles al inicio del partido
in early January/Marcha principios de enero/marzo
it's still early (in process) → es pronto todavía
the early afternoona primera hora de la tarde
at an early agea una edad temprana
from an early agedesde pequeñodesde una edad temprana (frm)
his early career/childhoodlos primeros años de su carrera/infancia
an early diagnosisun diagnóstico precoz
it was early eveningera media tarde
we'll arrive there in the early eveningllegaremos a media tarde
her early lifelos primeros años de su vida
in the early springa principios de la primavera
it flowers from early spring to early autumnflorece desde principios de la primavera a principios del otoño
the disease is hard to detect in its early stageses difícil detectar la enfermedad en sus fases iniciales
at an earlier stage of the projecten una etapa anterior del proyecto
he's in his early teenstendrá unos trece o catorce años
he began painting in his early teensempezó a pintar a los trece o catorce años
his early youthsu primera juventud
it's early days yet we may have to modify the plans, but it's early days yet (esp Brit) → quizás tengamos que modificar los planes, pero aún es pronto para saberlo
5. (= first) [man, Church] → primitivo; [settlers, pioneers, Christians] → primer
the early Victorianslos primeros victorianos
an early Victorian tableuna mesa de principios de la era victoriana
Shakespeare's early worklas primeras obras de Shakespeare
6. (Hort) [fruit, vegetable, crop] → temprano
B. ADV
1. (= ahead of time) [arrive, leave, get up, go to bed] → temprano, pronto
he arrived ten minutes earlyllegó diez minutos antes de la hora, llegó con diez minutos de anticipación
he took his summer holiday earlyse tomó las vacaciones de verano pronto
to book earlyreservar con anticipación
I don't want to get there too earlyno quiero llegar demasiado pronto
early to bed, early to rise (makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise)a quien madruga, Dios le ayuda
see also bright B
2. (= soon) → pronto
the earliest I can do it is Tuesdaylo más pronto que lo podré hacer será el martes
a month earlierun mes antes
as early as possiblelo más pronto posible, cuanto antes
as early as 1978ya en 1978
3. (= towards beginning of sth)
3.1. (in morning) → temprano
you get up too earlyte levantas demasiado temprano, madrugas demasiado
3.2. (in period, process)
early in sth early in the afternoona primera hora de la tarde
early in the booken las primeras páginas del libro
early in the wara principios de la guerra
early in the weeka principios de semana
early in the yeara principios de año
early in 1915a principios de 1915
early in his lifeen su juventud
Red Ribbon fell early in the raceRed Ribbon tuvo una caída al principio de la carrera
early last centurya principios del siglo pasado
early next yeara principios del año que viene
early on in his careeren los primeros años de su carrera
earlier onanteriormente, antes
early this montha principios de (este) mes
early todaya primera hora de hoy
C. CPD early bird Nmadrugador(a) m/f
it's the early bird that catches the wormal que madruga Dios le ayuda
early closing N (also early-closing day) (Brit) día en que muchas tiendas sólo abren por la mañana
early closing is on Mondaysel lunes muchas tiendas sólo abren por la mañana
the Early Middle Ages NPLla Alta Edad Media
early warning system Nsistema m de alarma or alerta precoz
pain acts as the body's early warning systemel dolor actúa como un sistema de alarma precoz

early

[ˈɜːrli]
adv
(at an early hour)tôt, de bonne heure
I have to get up early → Je dois me lever tôt.
to go to bed early → se coucher tôt
early this morning → tôt dans la matinée
early in the morning → tôt le matin
early last week → tôt la semaine dernière
early in (= at the start of) [+ season, game, year] → au début de
early in the spring → au début du printemps
BUT au commencement du printemps.
early in the 19th century → au début du 19e siècle
BUT au commencement du 19e siècle.
early on (= at an early stage) → très tôt
early on in → au début de
(= soon) → tôt
it's too early to do ... → il est trop tôt pour faire ...
as early as → dès
as early as this week → dès cette semaine
(= ahead of time) → en avance
I came early to get a good seat → Je suis venu en avance pour avoir une bonne place.
adj
(= ahead of time) to be early [person] → être en avance
You're early! → Tu es en avance!
(not late) at an early hour → de bonne heure
at such an early hour → aussi tôt
despite the early hour → bien qu'il faisait tôt
in the early hours of the morning → dans les premières heures de la matinée
to have an early night → se coucher tôt
to make an early start → partir tôt, partir de bonne heure
[morning, afternoon, evening] early morning → tôt le matin
from early morning to mid-afternoon → depuis tôt le matin jusqu'au milieu de l'après-midi
a series of early morning phone calls → une série de coups de téléphone tôt le matin
in the early morning → tôt le matin
by early afternoon
Things will be better by early afternoon → Les choses se seront arrangées d'ici le début de l'après-midi.
in the early evening → en début de soirée
[train, bus] to take an early train → prendre un train tôt
early years → premières années fpl
in the early 1980s → au début des années 80
in the early 19th century → au début du 19e siècle, au commencement du 19e siècle
She's in her early forties → Elle a un peu plus de quarante ans., Elle a un peu plus de la quarantaine.
the early days → les débuts mpl
in the early days → au début
in the early days of sth → au début de qch
it is early days (= too soon to say) → il est trop tôt pour en juger
(= first) [stage, sign] → premier/ière; [work, film] → premier/ière; [Christians, settlers] → premier/ière
sb's early career → les débuts mpl de qn
He spent his early career in the army → Il a fait ses débuts dans l'armée.
(= too early) [death] → prématuré(e)
(= prompt) [reply] → prompt(e)
at your earliest convenience (= as soon as possible) → dans les meilleurs délaisearly bird
n
(= early riser) → lève-tôt mf inv
(= first comer) → lève-tôt mf inv
the early bird catches the worm → l'avenir appartient à ceux qui se lèvent tôtearly-bird [ˈɜːrlibɜːrd] modif [discount, special] → pour les premiers clientsearly closing day n (British) jour de fermeture l'après-midiearly-evening [ˌɜːrliˈiːvnɪŋ] adj [news, slot, show] → de début de soirée
an early-evening concert → un concert tôt dans la soiréeearly-morning [ˌɜːrlimɔːːrnɪŋ] adj [flight, meeting] → de début de matinéeearly retirement nretraite f anticipée
to take early retirement → prendre une retraite anticipéeearly riser nlève-tôt mf inv early warning early-warning [ˌɜːrliwɔːːrnɪŋ] adj [device, radar] → de première alerteearly warning system nsystème m de première alerte

early

adv
early (on)früh; early in 1915/in FebruaryAnfang 1915/Februar; early (on) in the year/(the) winterAnfang des Jahres/des Winters; early (on) in the warin der Anfangsphase des Krieges; early (on) in his/her/their etc lifein jungen Jahren; early (on) in the racezu Anfang des Rennens; early (on) in the evening/morningam frühen Abend/Morgen; he got up very early in the morninger stand sehr früh (am Morgen) auf; as early as (= already)schon; she learned to read as early as foursie lernte schon mit vier Jahren lesen; early this month/yearAnfang des Monats/Jahres; early next month/yearAnfang nächsten Monats/Jahres; early today/this morningheute früh; the earliest he can come is tomorrower kann frühestens morgen kommen
(= before the expected time)früher (als erwartet); (= before the appointed time)zu früh; (= earlier than usual)früh; she left ten minutes earlysie ist zehn Minuten früher gegangen; to be five minutes/an hour earlyfünf Minuten/eine Stunde zu früh kommen; he was early for the meetinger kam zu früh zu der Besprechung; he left school early (went home) → er ging früher von der Schule nach Hause; (finished education) → er ging vorzeitig von der Schule ab; to get up/go to bed earlyfrüh aufstehen/ins Bett gehen; good morning, you’re early todayguten Morgen, Sie sind heute ja früh dran; early to bed, early to rise (makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise) (Prov) → früh ins Bett und früh heraus, frommt dem Leib, dem Geist, dem Haus (Prov) ? bright b
adj (+er)
früh; it was early evening when we finishedwir waren am frühen Abend fertig; we went for an early morning drive or a drive in the early morningwir machten eine Spritztour am frühen Morgen; we had an early lunchwir aßen früh zu Mittag; in early summer/autumnzu Sommer-/Herbstanfang, im Frühsommer/Frühherbst; in early spring/winterzu Frühlings-/Winteranfang; the early years/months/daysdie ersten Jahre/Monate/Tage; early January/August etcAnfang Januar/August etc; in the early 60s/1980s etcAnfang der sechziger/achtziger etc Jahre or Sechziger-/Achtzigerjahre etc; to have an early nightfrüh ins Bett gehen; to keep early hoursfrüh ins Bett gehen und früh aufstehen; the early hoursdie frühen Morgenstunden; until or into the early hoursbis in die frühen Morgenstunden; her early lifeihre jungen Jahre; his early workseine frühen Werke, sein Frühwerk nt; at an early agein jungen Jahren; from an early agevon klein auf; since early childhoodseit seiner/ihrer etc frühen Kindheit; in his early teensim frühen Teenageralter; to be in one’s early thirties/forties etcAnfang dreißig/vierzig etc sein; it’s too early to say/to say whether …es ist noch zu früh, um etwas zu sagen/um zu sagen, ob …; it is too early to know what his motives areman weiß noch nicht, welche Motive er hat; it’s too early for a final decisiones ist zu früh, um eine endgültige Entscheidung zu fällen; only her voice has changed from those early daysnur ihre Stimme ist anders als damals zu Anfang; it’s early days (yet) (esp Brit) → wir/sie etc sind noch im Anfangsstadium; early identification (Med) → Früherkennung f
(= before expected time) flowersfrüh blühend; cabbage, peas etc, cropfrüh; deathvorzeitig; marriagefrüh; menopauseverfrüht; early vegetablesFrühgemüse nt; an early springein zeitiger Frühling
(from historical perspective) settlers, manfrühgeschichtlich; the early churchdie Urkirche; early ChristiansUrchristen pl; an early form of hypnotherapyeine Frühform der Hypnotherapie; early baroqueFrühbarock m
(= soon) at an early datebald; at the earliest possible momentso bald wie irgend möglich; to promise early deliverybaldige Lieferung versprechen ? convenience b

early

:
early bath
n to send somebody for an early (Brit Ftbl, Rugby) → jdn vom Feld schicken; to take an early (Brit fig: = withdraw) → sich frühzeitig zurückziehen
early bird
n (in morning) → Frühaufsteher(in) m(f); (arriving etc) → Frühankömmling m; it’s the early that catches the worm (Prov) → Morgenstund hat Gold im Mund (Prov)
early closing
n it’s early todaydie Geschäfte haben or sind heute nachmittag geschlossen
early retirement
nvorgezogener or vorzeitiger Ruhestand; to take earlyvorzeitig in den Ruhestand gehen; to have taken earlyFrührentner(in) m(f)sein; early benefitsVorruhestandsleistungen pl
early riser
nFrühaufsteher(in) m(f)
early warning (sign or signal)
nVorwarnung f
early warning system

early

[ˈɜːlɪ] (-ier (comp) (-iest (superl)))
1. advpresto; (ahead of time) → in anticipo
I came home early → sono tornato a casa presto
as early as possible → il più presto possibile
early in the morning/afternoon → nelle prime ore del mattino/del pomeriggio
early in the spring/19th century → all'inizio della primavera/dell'Ottocento
he was 10 minutes early → è arrivato con 10 minuti di anticipo
to book early → prenotare in anticipo
I can't come any earlier → non posso venire prima
earlier on → poco tempo prima
2. adj (man) → primitivo/a; (Christians, settlers) → primo/a; (fruit, plant) → precoce; (death) → prematuro/a; (reply) → pronto/a
it's still early → è ancora presto
an early general election → elezioni fpl generali anticipate
at an early date → prossimamente
an early edition of the book → una precedente edizione del libro
you're early! → sei in anticipo!
to be an early riser or an early bird → essere mattiniero/a
at an early hour → presto
in the early morning → al mattino presto
in the early 19th century → ai primi dell'Ottocento
she's in her early forties → ha appena passato la quarantina
from an early age → fin dall'infanzia
his early youth → la sua prima giovinezza
Shakespeare's early work → le prime opere di Shakespeare
an early Victorian table → un tavolo del primo periodo vittoriano
to have an early night/start → andare a letto/iniziare presto
at your earliest convenience (Comm) → non appena possibile

early

(ˈəːli) adverb
1. near the beginning (of a period of time etc). early in my life; early in the afternoon.
2. sooner than others; sooner than usual; sooner than expected or than the appointed time. He arrived early; She came an hour early.
adjective
1. belonging to, or happening, near the beginning of a period of time etc. early morning; in the early part of the century.
2. belonging to the first stages of development. early musical instruments.
3. happening etc sooner than usual or than expected. the baby's early arrival; It's too early to get up yet.
4. prompt. I hope for an early reply to my letter.
ˈearliness noun
early bird
someone who gets up early or who acts before others do.

early

بَاكِراً, مُبَكِّر brzy, časný, raný tidlig anfang, früh νωρίς, πρόωρος, πρώτος etapa temprana, primero, pronto, temprano aikainen, aikaisin, alussa au début de, précoce, tôt prijevremen, rani, rano in anticipo, presto, primi 初期の, 早い, 早く 빨리, 일찍, 초기의 vroeg tidlig wcześnie, wcześniejszy, wczesny cedo, início, princípios начальный, ранний, рано tidig, tidigt เช้า, ก่อนเวลาที่กำหนดไว้, ช่วงต้น แต่แรก başında, erken sớm 在早期, 早的

early

adv. temprano, pronto;
as ___ as possiblelo más ___ posible;
at the earliestlo más ___;
___ ageinfancia;
___ cancercáncer incipiente;
___ childhoodprimera infancia;
___ deathmuerte prematura;
___ morningmadrugada;
___ pregnancyprincipio del embarazo;
___ stage ofla primera fase de, al principio de;
___ ambulationambulación precoz;
___ detectiondetección primaria.

early

adj (comp earlier; super ear-liest) temprano, (development) precoz; — puberty pubertad precoz; during early pregnancy..durante el principio del embarazo; adv temprano
References in classic literature ?
asked Meg, surprised to see, by her hood and cloak, that lazy Amy had been out so early.
In the early morning they hauled the trunk across the city.
It seems," explained the professor, "that in the early days there was a strange race of people, inhabiting Central America, with a somewhat high civilization, only traces of which remained when the Spaniards came.
I can remember exactly how the country looked to me as I walked beside my grandmother along the faint wagon-tracks on that early September morning.
Before this ugly edifice, and between it and the wheel-track of the street, was a grass-plot, much overgrown with burdock, pig-weed, apple-pern, and such unsightly vegetation, which evidently found something congenial in the soil that had so early borne the black flower of civilised society, a prison.
I had two sisters and one brother, that lived in the same house with me; but the early separation of us from our mother had well nigh blotted the fact of our relationship from our memories.
Maybe I understood because I saw her in that early hour of the morning when even the stony Memnon sings, in that mystical light of the young day when divine exiled things, condemned to rough bondage through the noon, are for a short magical hour their own celestial selves, their unearthly glory as yet unhidden by any earthly disguise.
Such is the general architecture of that very early period when the Northmen swept the seas, and brought to their rude houses, such as I have described them, the plunder of polished nations.
It was seen early in the morning, rushing over Winchester eastward, a line of flame high in the atmosphere.
These early ballads of the Chinese differ in feeling from almost all the ballad literature of the world.
And why should we question the wisdom of our venerable Father's purpose although this pair, in their early youth, have loved one another as the world's people love?
At early dawn they scrutinized the surrounding plain, to discover whether any enemies had been lurking about during the night; not a foot-print, however, was to be discovered in the coarse gravel with which the plain was covered.