earth


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earth
cutaway of the earth

earth

 (ûrth)
n.
1.
a. The land surface of the world.
b. The softer, friable part of land; soil, especially productive soil.
2. often Earth The third planet from the sun, having a sidereal period of revolution about the sun of 365.26 days at a mean distance of approximately 149.6 million kilometers (92.96 million miles), a sidereal rotation period of 23 hours 56.07 minutes, an average radius of 6,378.1 kilometers (3,963 miles), and a mass of approximately 5.9736 × 1024 kilograms (1.3169 × 1025 pounds).
3. The realm of mortal existence; the temporal world.
4. The human inhabitants of the world: The earth received the news with joy.
5.
a. Worldly affairs and pursuits.
b. Everyday life; reality: was brought back to earth from his daydreams of wealth and fame.
6. The substance of the human body; clay.
7. The lair of a burrowing animal.
8. Chiefly British The ground of an electrical circuit.
9. Chemistry Any of several metallic oxides, such as alumina or zirconia, that are difficult to reduce and were formerly regarded as elements.
v. earthed, earth·ing, earths
v.tr.
1. To cover or heap (plants) with soil for protection.
2. To chase (an animal) into an underground hiding place.
v.intr.
To burrow or hide in the ground. Used of a hunted animal.
Idiom:
on earth
Among all the possibilities: Why on earth did you put on that outfit?

[Middle English erthe, from Old English eorthe; see er- in Indo-European roots.]

earth

(ɜːθ)
n
1. (Astronomy) (sometimes capital) the third planet from the sun, the only planet on which life is known to exist. It is not quite spherical, being flattened at the poles, and consists of three geological zones, the core, mantle, and thin outer crust. The surface, covered with large areas of water, is enveloped by an atmosphere principally of nitrogen (78 per cent), oxygen (21 per cent), and some water vapour. The age is estimated at over four thousand million years. Distance from sun: 149.6 million km; equatorial diameter: 12 756 km; mass: 5.976 × 1024 kg; sidereal period of axial rotation: 23 hours 56 minutes 4 seconds; sidereal period of revolution about sun: 365.256 days.
2. the inhabitants of this planet: the whole earth rejoiced.
3. the dry surface of this planet as distinguished from sea or sky; land; ground
4. (Geological Science) the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the surface of the ground and consists of disintegrated rock particles, mould, clay, etc; soil
5. worldly or temporal matters as opposed to the concerns of the spirit
6. (Zoology) the hole in which some species of burrowing animals, esp foxes, live
7. (Elements & Compounds) chem See rare earth, alkaline earth
8. (Electrical Engineering)
a. a connection between an electrical circuit or device and the earth, which is at zero potential
b. a terminal to which this connection is made. US and Canadian equivalent: ground
9. (Dyeing) Also called: earth colour any of various brown pigments composed chiefly of iron oxides
10. (Astrology) (modifier) astrology of or relating to a group of three signs of the zodiac, Taurus, Virgo, and Capricorn. Compare air20, fire24, water12
11. cost the earth informal to be very expensive
12. come back to earth come down to earth to return to reality from a fantasy or daydream
13. on earth used as an intensifier in such phrases as what on earth, who on earth, etc
14. (Hunting) to hunt (an animal, esp a fox) to its earth and trap it there
15. to find (someone) after searching
vb
16. (Hunting) (intr) (of a hunted fox) to go to ground
17. (Electrical Engineering) (tr) to connect (a circuit, device, etc) to earth
[Old English eorthe; related to Old Norse jorth, Old High German ertha, Gothic airtha, Greek erā]

earth

(ɜrθ)

n.
1. (often cap.) the planet third in order from the sun, having an equatorial diameter of 7926 mi. (12,755 km), a mean distance from the sun of 92.9 million mi. (149.6 million km), and a period of revolution of 365.26 days, and having one moon.
2. the inhabitants of this planet, esp. the human inhabitants: The whole earth rejoiced.
3. this planet as the habitation of humans, often in contrast to heaven and hell.
4. the surface of this planet.
5. the solid matter of this planet; ground.
6. soil and dirt, as distinguished from rock and sand.
7. the hole of a burrowing animal; lair.
8. any of several metallic oxides that are difficult to reduce, as alumina and zirconia.
9. Chiefly Brit. ground 1 (def. 13).
v.t.
10. Chiefly Brit. ground 1 (def. 25).
Idioms:
1. on earth, (used as an intensifier after interrogative pronouns): Where on earth have you been?
2. run to earth,
a. to chase (an animal) into its hole or burrow in hunting.
b. to search out; track down.
[before 950; Middle English, Old English eorthe; c. Old Saxon ertha, Old High German erda, Old Norse jǫrth, Gothic airtha]
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Earth
The inner core and outer core are made up mainly of iron and nickel, the lower and upper mantle mainly of iron and magnesium silicate minerals, and the crust mainly of silicate minerals.

Earth

(ûrth)
1. The third planet from the sun and the fifth largest. Earth is the only planet known to support life. It is also the only planet on which water in liquid form exists, covering more than 70 percent of its surface. See Table at solar system.
2. earth Dry land; the ground.

Earth


that part of the earth’s surface where most forms of life exist, specifically those parts where there is water or atmosphere.
having to do with the underworld.
a hollow glass globe for depicting the position of the earth in relation to the fixed stars at a given time.
the process of movement that causes the earth’s crust to form continents, mountains, oceans, etc. — diastrophe, n. — diastrophic, adj.
the vertical movement or tilting of the earth’s crust, affecting broad expanses of continents. — epeirogenic, epeirogenetic, adj.
the branch of geology that describes the past in terms of geologic rather than human time. — geochronologist, n. — geochronologic, geochronological, adj.
the science of the forces at work within the earth. — geodynamic, adj.
a theory or science about the formation of the earth. — geogonic, adj.
Rare. worship of the things of the earth or of the earth itself.
the science that studies the physical history of the earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the changes the earth has undergone and is undergoing. — geologist. n. — geologic, geological, adj.
the tendency of organisms, under the influence of gravity, to be symmetrical. — geomalic, adj.
a form of divination that analyzes the pattern of a handful of earth thrown down at random or dots made at random on paper. — geomancer, n.
the branch of geology that studies the form of the earth’s surface. — geomorphologist, n. — geomorphologic, geomorphological, adj.
the eating of earthy matter, especially clay or chalk. — geophagist, n. — geophagous, adj.
a large globe or sphere in which a spectator can stand and view a representation of the earth’s surface.
an instrument for measuring the inclination or dip of the earth’s magnetic force.
the science of explaining the minerals of which the earth is composed, their origins, and the cause of their form and arrangement.
the solid part of the earth, as contrasted with the atmosphere and hydrosphere.
the periodic oscillation that can be observed in the precession of the earth’s axis and the precession of the equinoxes. See also head. — nutational, adj.
the inclination of the earth’s equator or the angle between the plane of the earth’s orbit and the plane of the equator (23°27″). See also astronomy. Also called obliquity of the ecliptic. — obliquitous, adj.
the formation of a flat or level surface by the process of erosion.
Rare a person who believes that the earth is round.
a dweller on the earth. Also tellurian.

Earth

 all people on the globe, 1549; a group of foxes, 1575.

earth


Past participle: earthed
Gerund: earthing

Imperative
earth
earth
Present
I earth
you earth
he/she/it earths
we earth
you earth
they earth
Preterite
I earthed
you earthed
he/she/it earthed
we earthed
you earthed
they earthed
Present Continuous
I am earthing
you are earthing
he/she/it is earthing
we are earthing
you are earthing
they are earthing
Present Perfect
I have earthed
you have earthed
he/she/it has earthed
we have earthed
you have earthed
they have earthed
Past Continuous
I was earthing
you were earthing
he/she/it was earthing
we were earthing
you were earthing
they were earthing
Past Perfect
I had earthed
you had earthed
he/she/it had earthed
we had earthed
you had earthed
they had earthed
Future
I will earth
you will earth
he/she/it will earth
we will earth
you will earth
they will earth
Future Perfect
I will have earthed
you will have earthed
he/she/it will have earthed
we will have earthed
you will have earthed
they will have earthed
Future Continuous
I will be earthing
you will be earthing
he/she/it will be earthing
we will be earthing
you will be earthing
they will be earthing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been earthing
you have been earthing
he/she/it has been earthing
we have been earthing
you have been earthing
they have been earthing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been earthing
you will have been earthing
he/she/it will have been earthing
we will have been earthing
you will have been earthing
they will have been earthing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been earthing
you had been earthing
he/she/it had been earthing
we had been earthing
you had been earthing
they had been earthing
Conditional
I would earth
you would earth
he/she/it would earth
we would earth
you would earth
they would earth
Past Conditional
I would have earthed
you would have earthed
he/she/it would have earthed
we would have earthed
you would have earthed
they would have earthed

earth

One of the four elements; associated with practical reality.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.earth - the 3rd planet from the sunearth - the 3rd planet from the sun; the planet we live on; "the Earth moves around the sun"; "he sailed around the world"
atmosphere, air - the mass of air surrounding the Earth; "there was great heat as the comet entered the atmosphere"; "it was exposed to the air"
hemisphere - half of the terrestrial globe
Van Allen belt - a belt of charged particles (resulting from cosmic rays) above the Earth trapped by the Earth's magnetic field
hydrosphere - the watery layer of the earth's surface; includes water vapor
dry land, ground, solid ground, terra firma, earth, land - the solid part of the earth's surface; "the plane turned away from the sea and moved back over land"; "the earth shook for several minutes"; "he dropped the logs on the ground"
geosphere, lithosphere - the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer mantle
sky - the atmosphere and outer space as viewed from the earth
solar system - the sun with the celestial bodies that revolve around it in its gravitational field
2.earth - the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface; "they dug into the earth outside the church"
moraine - accumulated earth and stones deposited by a glacier
material, stuff - the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object; "coal is a hard black material"; "wheat is the stuff they use to make bread"
diatomaceous earth, diatomite, kieselguhr - a light soil consisting of siliceous diatom remains and often used as a filtering material
saprolite - a deposit of clay and disintegrating rock that is found in its original place
dirt, soil - the part of the earth's surface consisting of humus and disintegrated rock
3.earth - the solid part of the earth's surfaceearth - the solid part of the earth's surface; "the plane turned away from the sea and moved back over land"; "the earth shook for several minutes"; "he dropped the logs on the ground"
object, physical object - a tangible and visible entity; an entity that can cast a shadow; "it was full of rackets, balls and other objects"
archipelago - a group of many islands in a large body of water
beachfront - a strip of land running along a beach
cape, ness - a strip of land projecting into a body of water
coastal plain - a plain adjacent to a coast
earth, globe, world - the 3rd planet from the sun; the planet we live on; "the Earth moves around the sun"; "he sailed around the world"
floor - the ground on which people and animals move about; "the fire spared the forest floor"
foreland - land forming the forward margin of something
timberland, woodland, forest, timber - land that is covered with trees and shrubs
island - a land mass (smaller than a continent) that is surrounded by water
isthmus - a relatively narrow strip of land (with water on both sides) connecting two larger land areas
land mass, landmass - a large continuous extent of land
mainland - the main land mass of a country or continent; as distinguished from an island or peninsula
neck - a narrow elongated projecting strip of land
oxbow - the land inside an oxbow bend in a river
peninsula - a large mass of land projecting into a body of water
champaign, plain, field - extensive tract of level open land; "they emerged from the woods onto a vast open plain"; "he longed for the fields of his youth"
slash - an open tract of land in a forest that is strewn with debris from logging (or fire or wind)
wonderland - a place or scene of great or strange beauty or wonder
4.earth - the abode of mortals (as contrasted with Heaven or Hell); "it was hell on earth"
location - a point or extent in space
5.earth - once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles)
archaicism, archaism - the use of an archaic expression
element - one of four substances thought in ancient and medieval cosmology to constitute the physical universe; "the alchemists believed that there were four elements"
6.earth - the concerns of this life as distinguished from heaven and the afterlife; "they consider the church to be independent of the world"
concern - something that interests you because it is important or affects you; "the safety of the ship is the captain's concern"
7.earth - a connection between an electrical device and a large conducting body, such as the earth (which is taken to be at zero voltage)
connecter, connector, connective, connection, connexion - an instrumentality that connects; "he soldered the connection"; "he didn't have the right connector between the amplifier and the speakers"
electricity - a physical phenomenon associated with stationary or moving electrons and protons
Verb1.earth - hide in the earth like a hunted animal
hide out, hide - be or go into hiding; keep out of sight, as for protection and safety; "Probably his horse would be close to where he was hiding"; "She is hiding out in a cabin in Montana"
2.earth - connect to the earth; "earth the circuit"
ground - connect to a ground; "ground the electrical connections for safety reasons"

earth

noun
1. world, planet, globe, sphere, orb, earthly sphere, terrestrial sphere The space shuttle returned safely to earth today.
2. ground, land, dry land, terra firma The earth shook under our feet.
3. soil, ground, land, dust, mould, clay, dirt, turf, sod, silt, topsoil, clod, loam The road winds through parched earth, scrub and cactus.
Related words
adjectives tellurian, telluric, terrene, terrestrial
Quotations
"To see the earth as we now see it, small and beautiful in that eternal silence where it floats, is to see ourselves as riders on the earth together, brothers on that bright loveliness in the unending night" [Archibald MacLeish Riders on Earth]

Layers of the earth's crust

asthenosphere, basement, continental crust, lithosphere, lower mantle, Mohorovicíc discontinuity, oceanic crust, sima, sial, transition zone, upper mantle

earth

noun
1. The celestial body where humans live.Often uppercase:
Translations
أَرْضالأرضالأَرْضالأرض، الكُرة الأرضيّهالسِّلك الأرضي
hlínaZeměpochovatuzemněníuzemnit
jordjordbundJordenjordforbindejordforbindelse
grundoterkonektiterkonektotero
maamaakera
maamaadoittaamaapallomaaperämaattaa
Zemlja
Földföldelföldeléslyukodú
bumi
grenijarîtengingjarîtengjajörðjörî
地球
어어드육지접지선지구
orbissolumterra
žemėžemės drebėjimasžemiškasįmanomasįžeminimas
Zemezeme, augsnezemeslodealacietzeme
Ziemiaglebauziemićuziemienie
Zemuzemnenieuzemniť
zemljaprsttlaozemljitevozemljiti
zemljaземља
jordjordajorden
duniaudongo
โลกพื้นดิน
زمین
đấttrái đấtthổ

earth

[ɜːθ]
A. N
1. (= the world) (the) Earthla Tierra
here on earthen este mundo
she looks like nothing on earthestá hecha un desastre
it tasted like nothing on earth (= good) → sabía de maravilla; (= bad) → sabía a rayos
nothing on earth would make me do itno lo haría por nada del mundo
nothing on earth will stop me nowno lo dejo ahora por nada del mundo
what/where/who on earth ...?¿qué/dónde/quién demonios or diablos ...?
what on earth are you doing here?¿qué demonios or diablos haces aquí?
why on earth do it now?¿por qué demonios or diablos vamos a hacerlo ahora?
to come down to earthvolver a la realidad
it must have cost the earth!¡te habrá costado un ojo de la cara!
to promise the earthprometer el oro y el moro
see also planet
2. (= ground) → tierra f, suelo m; (= soil) → tierra f
to fall to earthcaer al suelo
3. [of fox] → madriguera f, guarida f
to go to earth [fox] → meterse en su madriguera; [person] → esconderse, refugiarse
to run to earth [+ animal] → cazar or atrapar en su guarida; [+ person] → perseguir y encontrar
4. (Elec) → toma f de tierra, tierra f
B. VT (Elec) [+ apparatus] → conectar a tierra
C. CPD earth cable, earth lead Ncable m de toma de tierra
earth mother N (Myth) → la madre tierra (= woman) → venus f
earth sciences NPL ciencias concernientes a la Tierra; (= geology) → geología f
earth up VT + ADV (Agr) [+ plant] → acollar

earth

[ˈɜːrθ]
n
(= planet) → terre f
to bring sb down to earth (back to reality)faire redescendre qn sur terre
to come down to earth (back to reality)revenir sur terre
to cost the earth (= be very costly) → coûter les yeux de la tête
to pay the earth for sth → payer qch les yeux de la tête
what on earth → que diable
why on earth → pourquoi diable
where on earth → diable
(= ground) → terre f
(= soil) → terre f
(British) (ELECTRICITY, ELECTRONICS)terre f earth wire
[fox] → terrier m
to run sb to earth (mainly British) (= track down) → dépister qn
vt (British) (ELECTRICITY, ELECTRONICS) [+ appliance, plug] → relier à la terre

earth

n
(= world)Erde f; the earth, Earthdie Erde; on earthauf der Erde, auf Erden (liter); to the ends of the earthbis ans Ende der Welt; where/who etc on earth …? (inf)wo/wer etcbloß?; what on earth …? (inf)was in aller Welt …? (inf); nothing on earth will stop me nowkeine Macht der Welt hält mich jetzt noch auf; there’s no reason on earth why …es gibt keinen erdenklichen Grund, warum …; heaven on earthder Himmel auf Erden; did the earth move for you, darling? (hum inf)war es wahnsinnig schön für dich, Liebling? (hum inf); it cost the earth (Brit inf) → das hat eine schöne Stange Geld gekostet (inf); it won’t cost the earth (Brit inf) → es wird schon nicht die Welt kosten (inf); to pay the earth (Brit inf) → ein Vermögen bezahlen
(= ground)Erde f; to fall to earthzur Erde fallen; to come back or down to earth (again) (fig)wieder auf den Boden der Tatsachen (zurück)kommen; to bring somebody down to earth (with a bump) (fig)jdn (unsanft) wieder auf den Boden der Tatsachen zurückholen
(= soil)Erde f
(Brit Elec) → Erde f
(of fox, badger etc)Bau m; to go to earth (Brit) (fox)im Bau verschwinden; (criminal etc)untertauchen; to run somebody/something to earth (Brit fig) → jdn/etw ausfindig machen or aufstöbern
vt (Brit Elec) → erden

earth

:
earthbound
adjerdgebunden
earth closet
nTrockenabort m

earth

:
earthman
n (Sci-Fi) → Erdenmensch m, → Terraner(in) m(f)
earth mother
n (Myth) → Erdmutter f; (fig)Urmutter f
earth-moving equipment
nMaschinen plfür Erdbewegungen
earthperson
n (Sci-Fi) → Erdbewohner(in) m(f)
earthquake
nErdbeben nt
earth sciences
earth-shattering
adj (fig)welterschütternd
earth tremor
nErdstoß m
earthward
adjin Richtung Erde; in an earth directionin Richtung Erde
adv (also earthwards)in Richtung Erde
earthwork
n (Build) → Erdarbeiten pl; (Mil) → Schanzwerk nt, → Schanze f
earthworm
nRegenwurm m

earth

[ɜːθ]
1. n
a. (the world) → terra
(the) Earth → la Terra
on earth → sulla terra
the silliest man on earth → l'uomo più stupido del mondo
it tasted like nothing on earth (fam) → aveva un sapore tremendo
it must have cost the earth! (fam) → deve essere costato un occhio della testa!
where/who/what on earth ...? (fam) → dove/chi/che diavolo...?
b. (ground) → terra; (soil) → terra, terreno
to fall to earth → cadere a terra, cadere al suolo
c. (of fox, badger) → tana
to run to earth (animal) → inseguire fino alla tana (person) → scovare, stanare
d. (Brit) (Elec) → terra, massa
2. vt (Brit) (Elec) (apparatus) → mettere or collegare a terra

earth

(əːð) noun
1. the third planet in order of distance from the Sun; the planet on which we live. Is Earth nearer the Sun than Mars is?; the geography of the earth.
2. the world as opposed to heaven. heaven and earth.
3. soil. Fill the plant-pot with earth.
4. dry land; the ground. the earth, sea and sky.
5. a burrow or hole of an animal, especially of a fox.
6. (a wire that provides) an electrical connection with the earth.
verb
to connect to earth electrically. Is your washing-machine properly earthed?
ˈearthen adjective
(of a floor etc) made of earth.
ˈearthly adjective
1. of or belonging to this world; not heavenly or spiritual. this earthly life.
2. possible. This gadget has no earthly use.
ˈearthenware noun, adjective
(of) a kind of pottery coarser than china. an earthenware dish.
ˈearthquake noun
a shaking of the earth's surface. The village was destroyed by an earthquake.
ˈearthworm noun
(usually worm) a kind of small animal with a ringed body and no backbone, living in damp earth.
on earth
used for emphasis. What on earth are you doing?; the stupidest man on earth.
run to earth
to find (something or someone) after a long search. He ran his friend to earth in the pub.

earth

أَرْض, الأَرْض hlína, Země jord Erde γη tierra Maa terre zemlja terra, 地球, 지구 aarde jord gleba, ziemia terra земля, почва jord โลก, พื้นดิน toprak, yeryüzü đất, trái đất 土壤, 地球
References in classic literature ?
I can go anywhere, do anything," he said, looking ready to fly to the ends of the earth.
While he worked night and day to make his farms more productive and to extend his holdings of land, he regretted that he could not use his own restless energy in the building of temples, the slaying of unbelievers and in general in the work of glorifying God's name on earth.
You have had considerable experience in strange quarters of the earth, and you're just the one to help me.
Between that earth and that sky I felt erased, blotted out.
If it was not a mother's place to look after children, whose on earth was it?
The rest have disappeared, either from the regions in which their fathers dwelt, or altogether from the earth.
The first sort by thir own suggestion fell, Self-tempted, self-deprav'd: Man falls deceiv'd By the other first: Man therefore shall find grace, The other none: in Mercy and Justice both, Through Heav'n and Earth, so shall my glorie excel, But Mercy first and last shall brightest shine.
I was not asleep, no need for pinching here; my inner consciousness told me as plainly that I was upon Mars as your conscious mind tells you that you are upon Earth.
The earth had come to rest with one face to the sun, even as in our own time the moon faces the earth.
Yet across the gulf of space, minds that are to our minds as ours are to those of the beasts that perish, intellects vast and cool and unsympathetic, regarded this earth with envious eyes, and slowly and surely drew their plans against us.
What would the green earth be without its lovely flowers, and what a lonely home for us
But, being the son of Mother Earth, as they likewise were, the Giant gave them his brotherly kindness, and loved them with as big a love as it was possible to feel for creatures so very small.