earthquake


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earth·quake

 (ûrth′kwāk′)
n.
A sudden movement of the earth's crust caused by the release of stress accumulated along geologic faults or by volcanic activity. Also called seism, temblor.

earthquake

(ˈɜːθˌkweɪk)
n
(Geological Science) a sudden release of energy in the earth's crust or upper mantle, usually caused by movement along a fault plane or by volcanic activity and resulting in the generation of seismic waves which can be destructive.

earth•quake

(ˈɜrθˌkweɪk)

n.
1. a series of vibrations induced in the earth's crust by the abrupt rupture and rebound of rocks in which elastic strain has been slowly accumulating.
2. something that is severely disruptive; upheaval.
[1300–50]
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earth·quake

(ûrth′kwāk′)
A sudden movement of the Earth's crust. Earthquakes are caused by the release of built-up stress within rocks along geologic faults or by the movement of magma in volcanic areas. They are usually followed by aftershocks. See Note at fault.
Did You Know? If all the dishes fall out of your cabinet, you may honestly be able to say, "It's the Earth's fault!" Indeed, the Earth has faults, cracks where sections of its outer shell (the lithosphere) slip past each other, causing an earthquake when subjected to great forces. Three kinds of waves accompany earthquakes. Primary (P) waves have a push-pull type of vibration. Secondary (S) waves have a side-to-side type of vibration. Both P and S waves travel deep into the Earth, reflecting off the surfaces of its various layers. S waves cannot travel through the liquid outer core. By contrast, surface (L) waves—a third type of wave, named after the 19th-century British mathematician A.E.H. Love—travel along the Earth's surface and do most of the damage associated with an earthquake. The total amount of energy released by an earthquake is measured on the Richter scale. On this scale, each increase by 1 corresponds to a tenfold increase in earthquake strength. Thus an earthquake measuring 5.0 on the Richter scale is 10 times stronger than one measuring 4.0. Earthquakes above 7 on the Richter scale are severe. The famous earthquake that flattened San Francisco in 1906 measured 7.8.

earthquake

A sudden shaking of the ground when stressed rocks move along a fault. Volcanic eruptions trigger some earthquakes.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.earthquake - shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting from underground movement along a fault plane of from volcanic activityearthquake - shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting from underground movement along a fault plane of from volcanic activity
seismic disturbance, shock - an instance of agitation of the earth's crust; "the first shock of the earthquake came shortly after noon while workers were at lunch"
earth tremor, microseism, tremor - a small earthquake
seaquake, submarine earthquake - an earthquake at the sea bed
geological phenomenon - a natural phenomenon involving the structure or composition of the earth
2.earthquake - a disturbance that is extremely disruptive; "selling the company caused an earthquake among the employees"
commotion, hoo-ha, hoo-hah, hurly burly, kerfuffle, to-do, disruption, disturbance, flutter - a disorderly outburst or tumult; "they were amazed by the furious disturbance they had caused"

earthquake

noun earth tremor, quake (informal), tremor, seism the catastrophic Mexican earthquake of 1985
Related words
adjective seismic

earthquake

noun
A shaking of the earth:
Informal: shake.
Translations
زِلْزالزِلْزَال
zemětřesení
jordskælv
tertremo
maanjäristys
רעידת אדמהרעש אדמה
potres
földrengés
gempa bumi
jarðskjálftijarîskjálfti
地震
지진
potres
jordbävning
แผ่นดินไหว
động đất

earthquake

[ˈɜːθkweɪk] Nterremoto m

earthquake

[ˈɜːrθkweɪk]
modif [activity, zone] → sismique; [damage, victims] → d'un tremblement de terre
Britain is to send aid to the earthquake victims → La Grande-Bretagne va envoyer des secours aux victimes du tremblement de terre.earth sciences nplsciences fpl de la terreearth-shattering [ˈɜːrθʃætəɪŋ] adjstupéfiant(e)Earth Summit nSommet m de la Terreearth tremor nsecousse f sismiqueearth wire n (ELECTRICITY, ELECTRONICS)conducteur m de terre

earthquake

[ˈɜːθˌkweɪk] nterremoto

earth

(əːð) noun
1. the third planet in order of distance from the Sun; the planet on which we live. Is Earth nearer the Sun than Mars is?; the geography of the earth.
2. the world as opposed to heaven. heaven and earth.
3. soil. Fill the plant-pot with earth.
4. dry land; the ground. the earth, sea and sky.
5. a burrow or hole of an animal, especially of a fox.
6. (a wire that provides) an electrical connection with the earth.
verb
to connect to earth electrically. Is your washing-machine properly earthed?
ˈearthen adjective
(of a floor etc) made of earth.
ˈearthly adjective
1. of or belonging to this world; not heavenly or spiritual. this earthly life.
2. possible. This gadget has no earthly use.
ˈearthenware noun, adjective
(of) a kind of pottery coarser than china. an earthenware dish.
ˈearthquake noun
a shaking of the earth's surface. The village was destroyed by an earthquake.
ˈearthworm noun
(usually worm) a kind of small animal with a ringed body and no backbone, living in damp earth.
on earth
used for emphasis. What on earth are you doing?; the stupidest man on earth.
run to earth
to find (something or someone) after a long search. He ran his friend to earth in the pub.

earthquake

زِلْزَال zemětřesení jordskælv Erdbeben σεισμός terremoto maanjäristys tremblement de terre potres terremoto 地震 지진 aardbeving jordskjelv trzęsienie ziemi terramoto, terremoto землетрясение jordbävning แผ่นดินไหว deprem động đất 地震

earthquake

n. terremoto, temblor de tierra, sismo.

earthquake

n terremoto, (light) temblor m (de tierra)
References in classic literature ?
Yes, yes, spandy nice, and Meg has cologne on hers," cried Jo, adding with a laugh as they went on, "I do believe Marmee would ask that if we were all running away from an earthquake.
exclaimed Tom, as the rumble of the earthquake died away.
At one moment, they were rattling through a solitude; the next, a village had grown up around them; a few breaths more, and it had vanished, as if swallowed by an earthquake.
Lionel then goes on to impute the shock to an earthquake, and seems to substantiate the imputation by stating that a great earthquake, somewhere about that time, did actually do great mischief along the spanish land.
Schliemann assumed the proportions of a thunderstorm or an earthquake.
A mighty influence is abroad, surging and heaving the world, as with an earthquake.
We always smash into it with an earthquake of applause.
I warn him that, in such an event, a spirit will go forth in their midst, more to be dreaded than the most appalling earthquake.
It does not take a long time," said madame, "for an earthquake to swallow a town.
It was such an early day that it came soon, even to me, who was in a fever of expectation, and half afraid that an earthquake or a fiery mountain, or some other great convulsion of nature, might interpose to stop the expedition.
The death struggle of the monster lasted three days and three nights; in his writhing he beat his tail so violently against the ground, that at ten miles' distance the earth trembled as if with an earthquake.
I seem to remember that once the West Lighthouse was right under me, and then there was a sort of agonizing feeling, as if I were in an earthquake, and I came back and found you shaking my body.