eat


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

eat

 (ēt)
v. ate (āt), eat·en (ēt′n), eat·ing, eats
v.tr.
1.
a. To take into the body by the mouth for digestion or absorption.
b. To take in and absorb as food: a plant that eats insects; a cell that eats bacteria.
c. To include habitually or by preference in one's diet: a bird that eats insects, fruit, and seeds; stopped eating red meat on advice from her doctor.
2. To destroy, ravage, or use up by or as if by ingesting: "Covering news in the field eats money" (George F. Will).
3. To erode or corrode: waves that ate away the beach; an acid that eats the surface of a machine part.
4. To produce by eating: Moths ate holes in our sweaters.
5. Slang To absorb the cost or expense of: "You can eat your loss and switch the remaining money to other investment portfolios" (Marlys Harris).
6. Informal To bother or annoy: What's eating him?
7. Vulgar slang To perform cunnilingus or anilingus on. Often used with out.
v.intr.
1.
a. To consume food.
b. To have or take a meal.
2. To exercise a consuming or eroding effect: a drill that ate away at the rock; exorbitant expenses that were eating into profits.
3. To cause persistent annoyance or distress: "How long will it be before the frustration eats at you?" (Howard Kaplan).
Phrasal Verb:
eat up Slang
1. To receive or enjoy enthusiastically or avidly: She really eats up the publicity.
2. To believe without question: He'll eat up whatever the broker tells him.
Idioms:
eat crow
To be forced to accept a humiliating defeat.
eat (one's) heart out
1. To feel bitter anguish or grief.
2. To be consumed by jealousy.
eat (one's) words
To retract something that one has said.
eat out of (someone's) hand
To be manipulated or dominated by another.
eat (someone) alive Slang
To overwhelm or defeat thoroughly: an inexperienced manager who was eaten alive in a competitive corporate environment.

[Middle English eten, from Old English etan; see ed- in Indo-European roots.]

eat′er n.
Synonyms: eat, consume, devour, ingest
These verbs mean to take food into the body by the mouth: ate a hearty dinner; greedily consumed the sandwich; hyenas devouring their prey; whales ingesting krill.

eat

(iːt)
vb, eats, eating, ate or eaten
1. (Physiology) to take into the mouth and swallow (food, etc), esp after biting and chewing
2. (tr; often foll by away or up) to destroy as if by eating: the damp had eaten away the woodwork.
3. (often foll by into) to use up or waste: taxes ate into his inheritance.
4. (often foll by: into or through) to make (a hole, passage, etc) by eating or gnawing: rats ate through the floor.
5. to take or have (a meal or meals): we always eat at six.
6. (tr) to include as part of one's diet: he doesn't eat fish.
7. (tr) informal to cause to worry; make anxious: what's eating you?.
8. (tr) slang to perform cunnilingus or fellatio upon
9. I'll eat my hat if informal I will be greatly surprised if (something happens that proves me wrong)
10. eat one's heart out to brood or pine with grief or longing
11. eat one's words to take back something said; recant; retract
12. eat out of someone's hand to be entirely obedient to someone
13. eat someone out of house and home to ruin someone, esp one's parent or one's host, by consuming all his food
[Old English etan; related to Gothic itan, Old High German ezzan, Latin edere, Greek edein, Sanskrit admi]
ˈeater n

EAT

or

EAZ

abbreviation for
Tanzania (international car registration)
[from E(ast) A(frica) T(anganyika) or E(ast) A(frica) Z(anzibar)]

eat

(it)

v. ate (eɪt; esp. Brit. ɛt) eat•en (ˈit n) eat•ing, v.t.
1. to take into the mouth and swallow for nourishment; chew and swallow (food).
2. to consume gradually; wear away; corrode.
3. to use up, esp. wastefully (often fol. by away, into, or up): Unexpected expenses ate up their savings.
4. to make (a hole, passage, etc.), as by gnawing or corrosion.
5. to ravage or devastate.
6. to absorb or pay for: The builder had to eat the cost of the repairs.
7. to cause anxiety or irritation in; worry; bother: What's eating you now?
v.i.
8. to consume food; have a meal.
9. to make a way, as by gnawing or corrosion: Acid ate through the linoleum.
10. eat in, to eat or dine at home.
11. eat out, to have a meal at a restaurant rather than at home.
12. eat up,
a. to consume wholly.
b. to show enthusiasm for; take pleasure in.
c. to believe without question.
n.
13. eats, Informal. food.
[before 900; Middle English; Old English etan]
eat′er, n.

eat


Past participle: eaten
Gerund: eating

Imperative
eat
eat
Present
I eat
you eat
he/she/it eats
we eat
you eat
they eat
Preterite
I ate
you ate
he/she/it ate
we ate
you ate
they ate
Present Continuous
I am eating
you are eating
he/she/it is eating
we are eating
you are eating
they are eating
Present Perfect
I have eaten
you have eaten
he/she/it has eaten
we have eaten
you have eaten
they have eaten
Past Continuous
I was eating
you were eating
he/she/it was eating
we were eating
you were eating
they were eating
Past Perfect
I had eaten
you had eaten
he/she/it had eaten
we had eaten
you had eaten
they had eaten
Future
I will eat
you will eat
he/she/it will eat
we will eat
you will eat
they will eat
Future Perfect
I will have eaten
you will have eaten
he/she/it will have eaten
we will have eaten
you will have eaten
they will have eaten
Future Continuous
I will be eating
you will be eating
he/she/it will be eating
we will be eating
you will be eating
they will be eating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been eating
you have been eating
he/she/it has been eating
we have been eating
you have been eating
they have been eating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been eating
you will have been eating
he/she/it will have been eating
we will have been eating
you will have been eating
they will have been eating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been eating
you had been eating
he/she/it had been eating
we had been eating
you had been eating
they had been eating
Conditional
I would eat
you would eat
he/she/it would eat
we would eat
you would eat
they would eat
Past Conditional
I would have eaten
you would have eaten
he/she/it would have eaten
we would have eaten
you would have eaten
they would have eaten
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.eat - take in solid food; "She was eating a banana"; "What did you eat for dinner last night?"
ingest, consume, have, take in, take - serve oneself to, or consume regularly; "Have another bowl of chicken soup!"; "I don't take sugar in my coffee"
eat - eat a meal; take a meal; "We did not eat until 10 P.M. because there were so many phone calls"; "I didn't eat yet, so I gladly accept your invitation"
wash down - eat food accompanied by lots of liquid; also use metaphorically; "She washed down her dinner with a bottle of red wine"; "He washes down his worries with a nightly glass of whisky"
fress, gluttonise, gluttonize - eat a lot and without restraint
wolf, wolf down - eat hastily; "The teenager wolfed down the pizza"
slurp - eat noisily; "He slurped his soup"
fare - eat well
pitch in, dig in - eat heartily; "The food was placed on the table and the children pitched in"
peck at, pick at, peck - eat like a bird; "The anorexic girl just picks at her food"
peck, pick up - eat by pecking at, like a bird
gobble, bolt - eat hastily without proper chewing; "Don't bolt your food!"
garbage down, gobble up, shovel in, bolt down - eat a large amount of food quickly; "The children gobbled down most of the birthday cake"
nibble, piece, pick - eat intermittently; take small bites of; "He pieced at the sandwich all morning"; "She never eats a full meal--she just nibbles"
ruminate - chew the cuds; "cows ruminate"
eat, feed - take in food; used of animals only; "This dog doesn't eat certain kinds of meat"; "What do whales eat?"
dip, dunk - dip into a liquid while eating; "She dunked the piece of bread in the sauce"
guttle, pig, raven, devour - eat greedily; "he devoured three sandwiches"
eat up, polish off, finish - finish eating all the food on one's plate or on the table; "She polished off the remaining potatoes"
consume, down, devour, go through - eat immoderately; "Some people can down a pound of meat in the course of one meal"
fill up, fill - eat until one is sated; "He filled up on turkey"
2.eat - eat a meal; take a meal; "We did not eat until 10 P.M. because there were so many phone calls"; "I didn't eat yet, so I gladly accept your invitation"
ingest, consume, have, take in, take - serve oneself to, or consume regularly; "Have another bowl of chicken soup!"; "I don't take sugar in my coffee"
take away, take out - buy and consume food from a restaurant or establishment that sells prepared food; "We'll take out pizza, since I am too tired to cook"
victual - take in nourishment
dine in, eat in - eat at home
dine out, eat out - eat at a restaurant or at somebody else's home
dine - have supper; eat dinner; "We often dine with friends in this restaurant"
picnic - eat alfresco, in the open air; "We picnicked near the lake on this gorgeous Sunday"
eat - take in solid food; "She was eating a banana"; "What did you eat for dinner last night?"
break bread - have a meal, usually with company; "The early Christian disciples broke bread together"
nosh, snack - eat a snack; eat lightly; "She never loses weight because she snacks between meals"
mess - eat in a mess hall
lunch - take the midday meal; "At what time are you lunching?"
brunch - eat a meal in the late morning; "We brunch in Sundays"
breakfast - eat an early morning meal; "We breakfast at seven"
feast, banquet, junket - partake in a feast or banquet
binge, englut, engorge, glut, gorge, gormandise, gormandize, gourmandize, ingurgitate, overeat, overgorge, overindulge, pig out, scarf out, satiate, stuff - overeat or eat immodestly; make a pig of oneself; "She stuffed herself at the dinner"; "The kids binged on ice cream"
dine in, eat in - eat at home
dine out, eat out - eat at a restaurant or at somebody else's home
eat up, polish off, finish - finish eating all the food on one's plate or on the table; "She polished off the remaining potatoes"
3.eat - take in food; used of animals only; "This dog doesn't eat certain kinds of meat"; "What do whales eat?"
ingest, consume, have, take in, take - serve oneself to, or consume regularly; "Have another bowl of chicken soup!"; "I don't take sugar in my coffee"
eat - take in solid food; "She was eating a banana"; "What did you eat for dinner last night?"
forage - wander and feed; "The animals forage in the woods"
raven - feed greedily; "The lions ravened the bodies"
suckle - suck milk from the mother's breasts; "the infant was suckling happily"
graze, pasture, browse, crop, range - feed as in a meadow or pasture; "the herd was grazing"
4.eat - worry or cause anxiety in a persistent way; "What's eating you?"
vex, worry - disturb the peace of mind of; afflict with mental agitation or distress; "I cannot sleep--my daughter's health is worrying me"
5.eat - use up (resources or materials); "this car consumes a lot of gas"; "We exhausted our savings"; "They run through 20 bottles of wine a week"
run out - exhaust the supply of; "We ran out of time just as the discussion was getting interesting"
drain - deplete of resources; "The exercise class drains me of energy"
luxuriate, indulge - enjoy to excess; "She indulges in ice cream"
burn off, burn up, burn - use up (energy); "burn off calories through vigorous exercise"
expend, spend, drop - pay out; "spend money"
spend - spend completely; "I spend my pocket money in two days"
take, use up, occupy - require (time or space); "It took three hours to get to work this morning"; "This event occupied a very short time"
play out, sap, tire, exhaust, run down - deplete; "exhaust one's savings"; "We quickly played out our strength"
6.eat - cause to deteriorate due to the action of water, air, or an acid; "The acid corroded the metal"; "The steady dripping of water rusted the metal stopper in the sink"
damage - inflict damage upon; "The snow damaged the roof"; "She damaged the car when she hit the tree"
rust, corrode - become destroyed by water, air, or a corrosive such as an acid; "The metal corroded"; "The pipes rusted"

eat

verb
1. consume, swallow, chew, hoover (informal), scoff (slang), devour, munch, tuck into (informal), put away, gobble, polish off (informal), wolf down She was eating a sandwich.
2. have a meal, lunch, breakfast, dine, snack, feed, graze (informal), have lunch, have dinner, have breakfast, nosh (slang), take food, have supper, break bread, chow down (slang), take nourishment Let's go out to eat.
eat into something use up, drain, exhaust, consume, deplete, devour, swallow up His work responsibilities were eating into his free time.
eat something away destroy, dissolve, crumble, rot, decay, erode, wear down, corrode, bite into, waste away, wear away The rot is eating away the interior of the house.
Related words
like phagomania
Quotations
"One should eat to live, and not live to eat" [Molière L'Avare]

Specific eating habits

Habit 
Food
anthropophagic or anthropophagousfellow humans
apivorousbees
cannibalisticother members of the same species
carnivorousmeat
carpophagous, frugivorous, or fruitarianfruit
carriondead and rotting flesh
coprophagousdung
geophagousearth
herbivorousplants
hylophagouswood
insectivorousinsects
limivorousmud
macrophagousrelatively large pieces of food
monophagousonly one food
mycetophagousfungi
myrmecophagousants
nectarivorousnectar
nucivorousnuts
omnivorousmeat and plants
omophagic or omophagousraw food
piscivorousfish
theophagousgods
veganno animal products
vegetarianno flesh
zoophagousanimals

eat

verb
1. To take (food) into the body as nourishment:
Slang: chow.
Idioms: break bread, have a bite.
2. To do away with completely and destructively.Also used with up:
3. To consume gradually, as by chemical reaction or friction:
phrasal verb
eat up
1. To eat completely or entirely:
Informal: polish off, put away.
3. To be avidly interested in:
4. Slang. To like or enjoy enthusiastically, often excessively:
adore, delight (in), dote on (or upon), love.
Slang: groove on.
Translations
أكليَأْكُليَأْكُلُ
jíst
spise
manĝi
sööma
خوردن
syödä
jesti
eszik
borîa
食べる
(...을) 먹다
edo
atsiimti savo žodžiusėstiįsiėstivalgomasvalgyti
ēst
mânca
jesť
jesti
jestiјести
äta
kula
รับประทาน
їсти
ăn

eat

[iːt] (ate (pt) (eaten (pp)))
A. VTcomer
there's nothing to eatno hay nada de or que comer
would you like something to eat?¿quieres comer algo?
he won't eat youno te va a morder
what's eating you?¿qué mosca te ha picado?
to eat one's fillhartarse
to eat one's lunchcomer, almorzar
to eat one's way through the menupedir todos los platos de la carta
he's eating us out of house and homecome por ocho
to eat one's wordstragarse las palabras
B. VIcomer
he eats like a horsecome más que una lima nueva
he always eats wellsiempre tiene buen apetito
I've got him eating out of my handlo tengo dominado
eat away VT + ADV (= wear away) → desgastar; (= corrode) → corroer; [mice etc] → roer
eat away at VI + PREP
1. [waves, sea] → desgastar; [acid, rust] → corroer; [rot, damp] → comerse; [mice etc] → roer; [insect pest] → comerse, devorar
2. (fig) → devorar
eat in VI + ADVcomer en casa
eat into VI + PREP (= wear away) → desgastar; [+ metal] [acid] → corroer; [+ savings] → mermar; [+ leisure time] → reducir
eat out
A. VI + ADVcomer fuera
B. VT + ADV to eat one's heart outconsumirse
I've written a novel: Marcel Proust, eat your heart out!he escrito una novela: ¡chúpate esa, Marcel Proust!
eat up
A. VT + ADV [+ food] → comerse
it eats up electricityconsume mucha electricidad
to eat up the milestragar los kilómetros
to be eaten up with envyconsumirse de envidia
B. VI + ADV eat up!¡venga, come!, ¡apúrate! (LAm)

eat

[ˈiːt] [ate] (pt) [eaten] (pp)
vt
[+ food] → manger
Would you like something to eat? → Est-ce que tu veux manger quelque chose?
to eat lunch (US)déjeuner
to have sb eating out of one's hand (under one's control)faire manger qn dans sa main
vimanger
eat away
vt sep
[sea] → saper, éroder
[acid] → ronger, corroder
eat away at
vt fusronger, attaquer
eat into
vt fus [+ time, profit] → ronger, entamer
eat out
vimanger au restaurant
vt sep
eat your heart out, Howard → Howard peut aller se rhabiller
eat up
vt sep
[+ food] (= eat) → manger (= finish) → finir
Eat up your lunch → Finis ton déjeuner.
(= consume) [+ energy] → consommer beaucoup de; [+ money] → absorber
It eats up electricity → Ça bouffe du courant. , Ça consomme beaucoup d'électricité.
vi
come along, eat up! → allons, mangez !

eat

vb: pret <ate>, ptp <eaten>
vt (person)essen, fressen (pej inf); (animal)fressen; to eat one’s breakfastfrühstücken; to eat one’s lunch/dinnerzu Mittag/Abend essen; he ate his way through …er aß sich durch …; he’s eating us out of house and home (inf)der isst or frisst uns noch arm or die Haare vom Kopf (inf); to eat one’s words(alles,) was man gesagt hat, zurücknehmen; he was forced to eat his wordser musste alles zurücknehmen; he won’t eat you (inf)er wird dich schon nicht fressen (inf); what’s eating you? (inf)was hast du denn? ? alive a
viessen, fressen (pej inf); (animal)fressen; I haven’t eaten for agesich habe schon ewig nichts mehr gegessen
n (inf) eats plFressalien pl (inf); time for eats!Fütterung der Raubtiere! (inf)

eat

[iːt] (ate (vb: pt) (eaten (pp)))
1. vt (food) → mangiare
to eat one's fill → mangiare a sazietà
he's eating us out of house and home (fam) → è un mangiapane a tradimento
he won't eat you (fam) → non ti mangia mica
what's eating you? (fam) → che cosa ti rode?
to eat one's words (fig) → rimangiarsi quello che si è detto
2. vimangiare
he eats like a horse → mangia come un lupo
I've got him eating out of my hand → pende dalle mie labbra, fa tutto quello che voglio io
eat away vt + adv (subj, sea) → erodere; (acid) → corrodere; (mice) → rosicchiare
eat away at vi + preprodere
eat in vi + advmangiare a casa
eat into vi + preprodere; (subj, acid) → corrodere; (savings) → intaccare
eat out
1. vi + advmangiare fuori
2. vt + adv to eat one's heart outmangiarsi or rodersi il fegato
eat up
1. vt + adv (meal) → finire di mangiare
it eats up electricity → consuma un sacco di corrente
this car eats up the miles → questa macchina macina i chilometri
2. vi + adv eat up!finisci di mangiare!

eat

(iːt) past tense ate (et eit; (American) eit) : past participle ˈeaten verb
to (chew and) swallow; to take food. They are forbidden to eat meat; They ate up all the cakes; We must eat to live.
ˈeatable (negative uneatable) adjective
fit to be eaten. The meal was scarcely eatable.
noun
(in plural) food. Cover all eatables to keep mice away.
eat into
to destroy or waste gradually. Acid eats into metal; The school fees have eaten into our savings.
eat one's words
to admit humbly that one was mistaken in saying something. I'll make him eat his words!

eat

يَأْكُلُ jíst spise essen τρώω comer syödä manger jesti mangiare 食べる (...을) 먹다 eten spise zjeść comer есть äta รับประทาน yemek ăn

eat

vi. comer, sustentarse, ingerir alimentos;
to ___ breakfastdesayunar, tomar el desayuno;
to ___ lunchalmorzar; tomar el almuerzo;
to ___ suppercenar.

eat

vt, vi (pret ate; pp eaten) comer
References in classic literature ?
It must be very disagreeable to sleep in a tent, and eat all sorts of bad-tasting things, and drink out of a tin mug," sighed Amy.
You don't mean to say that the creatures can eat up a whole village?
I remember how horrified we were at the sour, ashy-grey bread she gave her family to eat.
If it has turned to stone, still will I eat it," said Edna, moving with him into the house.
Hawkeye, let us eat to-night, and show the Maquas that we are men to-morrow.
I really do eat better, and am more quiet than I was.
Hepzibah's final operation was with the little devourer of Jim Crow and the elephant, who now proposed to eat a camel.
That mortal man should feed upon the creature that feeds his lamp, and, like Stubb, eat him by his own light, as you may say; this seems so outlandish a thing that one must needs go a little into the history and philosophy of it.
There was no kind master like yours to look after me, and talk to me, and bring me nice things to eat.
You must eat as you kiss, so exacting are the joys of the mouth,--talking, for example.
And they had pineapples and mangoes and honey and all sorts of good things to eat and drink.
I ground and beat them between two stones; then took water, and made them into a paste or cake, which I toasted at the fire and eat warm with milk.