elder


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eld·er 1

 (ĕl′dər)
adj.
1. Greater than another in age or seniority.
2. Archaic Superior to another or others, as in rank.
n.
1. An older person.
2. An older, influential member of a family, tribe, or community.
3. One of the governing officers of a church, often having pastoral or teaching functions.
4. Mormon Church A member of the higher order of priesthood.

[Middle English eldre, from Old English eldra; see al- in Indo-European roots.]

el′der·ship′ n.
Usage Note: In comparisons between two persons, the adjective elder is simply a more formal term for "older" and has no implication of advanced age: My elder sibling is fourteen; my younger is nine. In other contexts it does denote relatively old age, but with the added component of respect for a person's position or achievement: an elder statesman; an elder member of the court. If the simple fact of advanced or relatively advanced age is the point, older or elderly are usually more appropriate than elder: a survey of older Americans; an elderly waiter. · As with the adjective, the noun elder can be used comparatively without implying old age: He is my elder by three years. It can also refer to an office in certain churches or, more broadly, to a position of authority or respect conferred by age and experience: an elder in the Presbyterian Church; a tribal elder. The use of elder in the sense of "an elderly person" is uncommon in contemporary English, though it is widely used as an attributive in such phrases as elder care (or eldercare) and elder services. See Usage Note at old.

el·der 2

 (ĕl′dər)
[Middle English eldre, from Old English ellærn.]

elder

(ˈɛldə)
adj
1. born earlier; senior. Compare older
2. (Card Games) (in piquet and similar card games) denoting or relating to the nondealer (the elder hand), who has certain advantages in the play
3. archaic
a. prior in rank, position, or office
b. of a previous time; former
n
4. an older person; one's senior
5. (Anthropology & Ethnology) anthropol a senior member of a tribe who has influence or authority
6. (Protestantism) (in certain Protestant Churches) a lay office having teaching, pastoral, or administrative functions
7. (Protestantism) another word for presbyter
[Old English eldra, comparative of eald old; related to Old Norse ellri, Old High German altiro, Gothic althiza]
ˈelderˌship n
Usage: The word elder is being increasingly used, as a more respectful way of referring to older people: elder care, elder abuse

elder

(ˈɛldə)
n
1. (Plants) Also called: elderberry any of various caprifoliaceous shrubs or small trees of the genus Sambucus, having clusters of small white flowers and red, purple, or black berry-like fruits
2. (Plants) any of various unrelated plants, such as box elder and marsh elder
[Old English ellern; related to Old Norse elrir, Old High German erlīn, Old Slavonic jelǐcha, Latin alnus]

Elder

(ˈɛldə)
n
(Biography) Sir Mark Philip. born 1947, British conductor; musical director of the English National Opera (1979–93) and of the Hallé Orchestra from 2000

eld•er1

(ˈɛl dər)

adj. a compar. of old with eldest as superl.
1. of greater age; older.
2. of higher rank; senior.
3. of former times; earlier.
n.
4. an older person: a boy who respects his elders.
5. an aged person.
6. an older, influential member of a tribe or community, often a chief or ruler.
7. a presbyter.
8. (in certain Protestant churches) a lay member who is a governing officer, often assisting the pastor in services.
[before 900; Middle English; Old English eldra, comp. of eald old]

el•der2

(ˈɛl dər)

n.
any shrub or tree of the genus Sambucus, of the honeysuckle family, having divided leaves and clusters of small red, black, or yellow berries.
[before 900; Middle English eldre, elrene, Old English ellærn]

elder

eldestolderoldest
1. 'elder'

The elder of two people is the one who was born first.

Posy was the elder of the two.

If you have a sister or brother who was born before you, you can refer to them as your elder sister or brother.

He had none of his elder brother's charm.
2. 'eldest'

The eldest of a group of people, especially the brothers and sisters in a family, is the one who was born first.

Gladys was the eldest of four children.
Her eldest son was killed in the First War.
3. 'older' and 'oldest'

Elder and eldest are slightly formal, and many people do not use them at all. Instead of 'elder' and 'eldest' you can use older and oldest.

He's my older brother.
Six of their children were there, including the oldest, Luke.

You can use older and oldest in some ways in which you cannot use 'elder'. For example, you can use older after be, get, or grow, and in front of than.

Try it when you are a little older.
We're all getting older.
As he grew older, his fascination with bees developed into an obsession.
Harriet was ten years older than I was.

You cannot use 'elder' in any of these ways.

You can also use older and oldest to talk about things.

On older houses there may be guarantees for treatment against woodworm.
It is the oldest of London squares.
It claims to be the oldest insurance company in the world.

You cannot use 'elder' or 'eldest' to talk about things.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.elder - a person who is older than you areelder - a person who is older than you are  
adult, grownup - a fully developed person from maturity onward
doyen, dean - a man who is the senior member of a group; "he is the dean of foreign correspondents"
doyenne - a woman who is the senior member of a group
2.elder - any of numerous shrubs or small trees of temperate and subtropical northern hemisphere having white flowers and berrylike fruit
genus Sambucus, Sambucus - elder; elderberry
American elder, black elderberry, Sambucus canadensis, sweet elder - common elder of central and eastern North America bearing purple-black berries; fruit used in wines and jellies
blue elder, blue elderberry, Sambucus caerulea - shrub or small tree of western United States having white flowers and blue berries; fruit used in wines and jellies
danewort, dwarf elder, Sambucus ebulus - dwarf herbaceous elder of Europe having pink flowers and a nauseous odor
black elder, bourtree, common elder, elderberry, European elder, Sambucus nigra - a common shrub with black fruit or a small tree of Europe and Asia; fruit used for wines and jellies
American red elder, Sambucus pubens, stinking elder, red-berried elder - common North American shrub or small tree
bush, shrub - a low woody perennial plant usually having several major stems
3.elder - any of various church officers
church officer - a church official
presbyter - an elder in the Presbyterian Church
Adj.1.elder - used of the older of two persons of the same name especially used to distinguish a father from his son; "Bill Adams, Sr."
senior - older; higher in rank; longer in length of tenure or service; "senior officer"

elder

adjective
1. older, first, senior, first-born, earlier born the elder of her two daughters
noun
1. older person, senior Nowadays the young have no respect for their elders.
2. (Presbyterianism) church official, leader, office bearer, presbyter He is now an elder of the village church.

elder

adjective
Of greater age than another:
noun
1. A person who is older than another:
2. An elderly person:
Informal: oldster, old-timer.
3. One who stands above another in rank:
Informal: higher-up.
Translations
أَكْبَر سِنّاًأكْبَرُ سِنّاًشَجَرَة البَيْلَسانشَيْخ الكَنيسَهمن يَكْبُرُك سِنّا
starší
ældrehyldhyldebærmenighedsrådsmedlem
vanhempi
stariji
bodza
eldriòeir sem eru eldriyllir
年上の
손위의
baznīcas vecākaisplūškoks, pliederisvecākais
baza čierna
bezegstarejši
äldre
แก่กว่า
büyükdaha büyükdaha yaşlıkilise mütevelli üyesimürver ağacı
lớn hơn

elder

1 [ˈeldəʳ]
A. ADJ [brother etc] → mayor
my elder sistermi hermana mayor
elder statesmanviejo estadista m (fig) → persona f respetada
Pliny the ElderPlinio el Viejo
B. N (= senior) → mayor m; [of tribe] → anciano m; (in certain Protestant churches) persona laica que ejerce funciones educativas, pastorales y/o administrativas
my eldersmis mayores
don't criticize your elders and bettersno critiques a tus mayores CHURCHES OF ENGLAND/SCOTLAND

elder

2 [ˈeldəʳ] N (Bot) → saúco m

elder

[ˈɛldər]
adj [brother, sister] → aîné(e)
my elder sister → ma sœur aînée
n
(= older person) → aîné(e) m/f
the elder of her two daughters → l'aînée des deux sœurs
her elders (= those older than her) → ses aînés
their elders (= those older than them) → leurs aînés
(= senior person) (in community, tribe)ancien(ne) m/f
(= tree) → sureau m

elder

1
adj attr comp of old
(= older) brother etcältere(r, s)
(= senior) Pliny the elderPlinius der Ältere, der ältere Plinius
n
respect your elders and bettersdu musst Respekt vor Älteren haben
(of tribe, Church)Älteste(r) m
(Presbyterian) → Gemeindeälteste(r) mf, → Presbyter(in) m(f)

elder

2
n (Bot) → Holunder m

elder

1 [ˈɛldəʳ]
1. adj (brother, sister) → maggiore, più vecchio/a
2. n
a. he is your elderè più anziano di te
one's elders → i più anziani
you should respect your elders → devi rispettare chi è più anziano di te
b. elders npl (of tribe) → anziani mpl

elder

2 [ˈɛldəʳ] n (Bot) → sambuco

elder1

(ˈeldə) adjective
(often of members of a family) older; senior. He has three elder sisters; He is the elder of the two.
noun
1. a person who is older. Take the advice of your elders.
2. an office-bearer in Presbyterian churches.
ˈelderly adjective
(rather) old. an elderly lady.
ˈeldest adjective
oldest. She is the eldest of the three children.
the elderly
people who are (rather) old. It is important for the elderly to take some exercise.

elder2

(ˈeldə) noun
a kind of shrub or tree with purple-black fruit. (ˈelderberries).

elder

أَكْبَر سِنّاً starší ældre älterer μεγαλύτερος mayor vanhempi plus âgé stariji maggiore 年上の 손위의 ouder eldre starszy mais idoso, mais velho старший äldre แก่กว่า daha yaşlı lớn hơn 年长的

el·der

, elder flowers
a. mayor, de más edad; anciano-a; antepasados, los mayores.
References in classic literature ?
Cora may submit to the justice of your opinion though she cannot put it in practice," returned the elder sister, who had placed herself by the side of Alice, on a couch of sassafras; "there would be other causes to chase away sleep, though we had been spared the shock of this mysterious noise.
Better mix it up, I reckon--have suthin' half statoo, half fountain," interposed the elder Mattingly, better known as "Maryland Joe," "and set it up afore the Town Hall and Free Library I'm kalklatin' to give.
He stared at Hepzibah a moment, as an elder customer than himself would have been likely enough to do, not knowing what to make of the tragic attitude and queer scowl wherewith she regarded him.
The next moment he was as ready for sport as any unbreeched infant: far readier than the Collector's junior clerk, who at nineteen years was much the elder and graver man of the two.
The musical sense in each of the children was of the quickest, but the elder in especial had a marvelous knack of catching and repeating.
But Death plucked down some virtuous elder brother, on whose whistling daily toil solely hung the responsibilities of some other family, and left the worse than useless old man standing, till the hideous rot of life should make him easier to harvest.
Of course, we elder ones would not have any of that nonsense, and let him know that in the school and the playground farmers' sons and laborers' sons were all alike.
All these industries were gathered into buildings near by, connected by galleries and railroads with the main establishment; and it was estimated that they had handled nearly a quarter of a billion of animals since the founding of the plant by the elder Durham a generation and more ago.
Now, Jim," said his master, "show us how old Elder Robbins leads the psalm.
At first they were guarded in their talk, but after they had heard my agent and me conversing in English they dropped their reserve and I picked up many of their little confidences; no, I mean many of HER little confidences--meaning the elder party--for the young girl only listened, and gave assenting nods, but never said a word.
Edmund Kean the elder, of the Royal Haymarket Theatre,
Jane, on the other hand, had gone to an academy, and also to a boarding-school for young ladies; so had Aurelia; and after all the years that had elapsed there was still a slight difference in language and in manner between the elder and the two younger sisters.