The catalyst is immersed in a electroless plating
solution(*3) with whatever metal that has been selected for the specific application to form fine electronic circuitry patterns made of various metals with a wire width of 5 um (a micrometer is one-millionth of a meter).
It is commonly achieved through the electroless plating
The seeded area is then plated using electroless plating
followed by electroplating.
Available products will include copper and nickel electroless plating
baths, copper, nickel, gold, and tin electrolytic plating baths, immersion gold plating baths, cleaners, developers, and stripping and etching chemistry.
Silvain, "Chemical and morphological study of the sensitisation, activation and Cu electroless plating
EEJA has developed a cyanide-free electroless plating
solution LECTROLESS IGS2020 for printed circuit boards, with lead supply starting in June 2014.
The electroless plating
of silver were carried out in a glass beaker containing 15 [cm.
LDS involves molding a special additive into the plastic, which is activated by a laser beam so that when the plastic is subsequently exposed to an electroless plating
bath, the metal adheres only to the activated additive.
Tang, XJ, Bi, CL, Han, CX, Baogui, Z, "A New PalladiumFree Surface Activation Process for Ni Electroless Plating
on ABS Plastic.
The 58 papers consider such topics as fabricating carbon-nanotube-reinforced boron carbide composite by hot-pressing following extrusion molding, the effect of pH on the microstructure and purity of copper-coated tungsten composite powders prepared by electroless plating
, the in situ observation of diamagnetic fluid flow in high magnetic fields, modifying the surface of silicon carbide powder with silica coating by rotary chemical vapor deposition, and synthesizing and characterizing dense mesoporous alumina.
The IPMC actuators are fabricated by forming metal electrodes on the surface of the Nafion[R] film and cutting into necessary shapes and sizes after electroless plating
of the metal (4), (5).
Specialist plating equipment designers and manufacturers, PLASTICRAFT, has completed the installation of a highly sophisticated electroless plating
line that is said to meet the specific needs of leading industrial print head manufacturer, Xaar PLC.