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n. pl. e·len·chi (-kī)
A logical refutation, especially one that disproves a proposition by proving the direct contrary of its conclusion.

[Latin, from Greek elenkhos, refutation, from elenkhein, to bring disgrace to, accuse, cross-examine, refute; probably akin to Hittite linkzi, he swears (as an oath), and Old High German -lingan in antlingan, to answer (ant-, off, away, reversing).]


n, pl -chi (-kaɪ)
1. (Logic) refutation of an argument by proving the contrary of its conclusion, esp syllogistically
2. (Logic) Socratic elenchus the drawing out of the consequences of a position in order to show them to be contrary to some accepted position
[C17: from Latin, from Greek elenkhos refutation, from elenkhein to put to shame, refute]


(ɪˈlɛŋ kəs)

n., pl. -chi (-kī, -kē).
a logical refutation.
[1655–65; < Latin < Greek élenchos refutation]


a syllogistic argument that refutes a proposition by proving the direct opposite of its conclusion. — elenchic, elenctic, adj.
See also: Logic
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References in periodicals archive ?
Villon foi incluido no elenchus auctorum [elenco de autoridades] de diversos tratados retoricos da epoca, como, por exemplo, Le Quintil Horacien, de Barthelemy Aneau (GOYET, 1990).
Christofidou suggests that Descartes's method of doubt is internal dialogue--Socratic elenchus practiced on oneself.
In the first stage Socrates seeks by means of extended interrogation, or elenchus, to establish definitions; a second phase concerns the moment when he turns impasse into the impetus for the search for knowledge (89).
MP: As you intimate in your question, dialogue is an ancient form that defines the Western philosophical tradition that comes down to us especially through the Platonic dialogues, a kind of dramatization of the dialectics where Socrates in dialogue with another drives the opponent to an elenchus or contradiction.
9) This is evident, in any case, by the fact that his rebuttal of Anabaptist views on the sacraments and civil government in the 1536 edition of the Institutes corresponds to a large extent with Articles I and VI of the Schleitheim Confession, in the same way that Zwingli cited and rejected them in his own polemic, In Catabaptistarum Strophas Elenchus (Against the Schemes of the Anabaptists) of 1527.
That approach to reform is as old as the Socratic elenchus.
That to give some tolerable Elenchus Capitum Legis Naturalis [list of the heads of the natural law], one single medium is hardly sufficient, but (e) must be evidenced by Consonancy (f) and Concurence of severall instances concentring in the same Common Sentiments or Notions;
5-7 (Rome: Gregorian University, 2002); and the Elenchus bibliographieus, presented annually in nos.
Nicholas White argues that the purpose of a definitional elenchus is to show that Socrates' interlocutors--really, people in general--are ignorant as to how to define virtue terms.
Elenchus Zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrations generaliores et specierum cognitarum succinctas descriptiones cum selectis auctorum synonymis.
These two things--an admission of knowledge and willingness to answer questions--are, of course, crucial ingredients of a Socratic Elenchus.
As he moves through the cityscape of the Bronx, Spady is practicing nothing short of that perennial conversational style known as philosophical engagement, a dialogical space where phronesis (or practical wisdom exercised within situational contexts) and elenchus (or the critical emphasis upon conceptual and definitional clarity) are enacted.