eleven


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e·lev·en

 (ĭ-lĕv′ən)
n.
1. The cardinal number equal to 10 + 1.
2. The 11th in a set or sequence.
3. Something with 11 parts or members, especially a football team.

[Middle English elleven, from Old English endleofan; see oi-no- in Indo-European roots.]

e·lev′en adj. & pron.
Word History: It is fairly easy to see how the words for the numbers thirteen through nineteen are related to the numbers three through nine. The thir- in thirteen, for example, sounds somewhat like three, and the suffix -teen resembles ten. But what about the words eleven and twelve? Eleven doesn't sound anything like one, and although twelve is spelled with the same tw- found in two, twice, and twin, what is the -elve? English probably inherited all the words for the numbers eleven through nineteen from Germanic, the protolanguage that is the common ancestor of English and its close relatives, the other Germanic languages like Dutch, German, and the Scandinavian languages. The English words that end in -teen descend from compounds formed in the Germanic protolanguage from the words for the numbers three through nine added to a form of the Germanic word for ten. This form of the word for ten eventually evolved into Modern English -teen. The Modern English words eleven and twelve descend from ancient Germanic compounds, too, and the speakers of the Germanic protolanguage would have recognized the meaningful parts of the compounds just as easily as English speakers recognize the meaningful parts of thirteen and fourteen. Modern English eleven descends from Old English endleofan, and related forms in the various Germanic languages point back to an original Germanic compound *ainlif, "eleven." *Ainlif is composed of *ain-, "one," the same as our one, and the suffix *-lif from the Germanic root *lib-, "to adhere, remain, remain left over." Thus, eleven is literally "one-left" (over, that is, past ten). Similarly, twelve comes from an ancient Germanic *twalif, "two-left" (over past ten). However, as Germanic evolved into Old English, and Old English into Modern English, changes in pronunciation obscured the meaningful elements in these compounds so that it was no longer possible to see how eleven was related to one.

eleven

(ɪˈlɛvən)
n
1. (Mathematics) the cardinal number that is the sum of ten and one
2. (Mathematics) a numeral 11, XI, etc, representing this number
3. something representing, represented by, or consisting of 11 units
4. (Team Sports, other than specified) (functioning as singular or plural) a team of 11 players in football, cricket, hockey, etc
5. (Horology) Also called: eleven o'clock eleven hours after noon or midnight
determiner
a. amounting to eleven: eleven chances.
b. (as pronoun): have another eleven today.
[Old English endleofan; related to Old Norse ellefo, Gothic ainlif, Old Frisian andlova, Old High German einlif]

e•lev•en

(ɪˈlɛv ən)

n.
1. a cardinal number, ten plus one.
2. a symbol for this number, as 11 or XI.
3. a set of this many persons or things.
adj.
4. amounting to eleven in number.
[before 900; Middle English elleven(e), Old English ellefne, endleofan. See one, leave1]

Eleven

 the members of a cricket or football team, 1800.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.eleven - the cardinal number that is the sum of ten and oneeleven - the cardinal number that is the sum of ten and one
large integer - an integer equal to or greater than ten
2.eleven - a team that plays footballeleven - a team that plays football    
line backer, linebacker - (American football) the position of a defensive football player who plays close behind the line of scrimmage
field general, quarterback, signal caller - (American football) the position of the football player in the backfield who directs the offensive play of his team; "quarterback is the most important position on the team"
fullback - (American football) the position of a back on a football team
halfback - (American football) the position of a back on a football team
tailback - (American football) the position of the offensive back on a football team who lines up farthest from the line of scrimmage
wingback - (American football) the position of the offensive back who lines up behind or outside the end
center - (American football) the position of the player on the line of scrimmage who puts the ball in play; "it is a center's responsibility to get the football to the quarterback"
guard - (American football) a position on the line of scrimmage; "guards must be good blockers"
tackle - (American football) a position on the line of scrimmage; "it takes a big man to play tackle"
end - (American football) a position on the line of scrimmage; "no one wanted to play end"
team, squad - a cooperative unit (especially in sports)
football league - a league of football teams
backfield - the offensive football players who line up behind the linemen
secondary - the defensive football players who line up behind the linemen
linemen - the football players who line up on the line of scrimmage
Adj.1.eleven - being one more than teneleven - being one more than ten    
cardinal - being or denoting a numerical quantity but not order; "cardinal numbers"
Translations
أَحَدَ عَشَرَالحادي عَشَرالعُمْر 11رَقْم 11فِرْقَة من 11 لاعِبا
jedenáct
elleveelleve årelleve år gammelfodboldhold
dek unu
üksteist
یازده
yksitoista
ग्यारह
jedanaest
tizenegy
ellefuellefu áraellefu manna liî
十一
11
undecim
vienuolikavienuolikėvienuolikmetisvienuolikos metųvienuolikos metų amžius
futbola komandavienpadsmitvienpadsmit gadus vecs
jedenásťjedenásť rokovjedenástka
enajst
elva
สิบเอ็ด
on biron bir kişilik takımon bir yaşıon bir yaşında
mười một

eleven

[ɪˈlevn]
A. ADJonce
B. Nonce m (Sport) → once m, alineación f
the eleven plus (Brit) (Scol) (formerly) examen selectivo realizado por niños mayores de 11 años
see five for usage

eleven

[ɪˈlɛvən] numonze
She's eleven → Elle a onze ans.
He's eleven years old → Il a onze ans.eleven-plus eleven plus [ɪˌlɛvənˈplʌs] n (British) (formerly) (= exam) → examen m d'entrée en sixième

eleven

n
(= number)Elf f; the eleven plus (old Brit, Sch) Aufnahmeprüfung in eine weiterführende Schule
(Sport) → Elf f; the German elevendie deutsche (National)elf; the second elevendie zweite Mannschaft
adjelf ? also six

eleven

[ɪˈlɛvn]
1. adjundici inv
2. nundici m inv
the first eleven (Sport) → la prima squadra
for usage see five

eleven

(iˈlevn) noun
1. the number or figure 11.
2. the age of 11.
3. in football etc, a team of eleven players. He plays for the school's first eleven.
adjective
1. 11 in number.
2. aged 11.
eleven-
having eleven (of something). an eleven-page booklet.
eˈleventh noun
1. one of eleven equal parts.
2. (also adjective) (the) last of eleven (people, things etc); (the) next after the tenth.
eˈleven-year-old noun
a person or animal that is eleven years old.
adjective
(of a person, animal or thing) that is eleven years old.
at the eleventh hour
at the last possible moment; only just in time. The child was saved from the kidnappers at the eleventh hour.

eleven

أَحَدَ عَشَرَ jedenáct elleve elf έντεκα once yksitoista onze jedanaest undici 十一 11 elf elleve jedenaście onze одиннадцать elva สิบเอ็ด on bir mười một 十一
References in classic literature ?
Don't eat much supper, and come away at eleven when I send Hannah for you.
By Trunion bridge it is within eleven and a half inches of the flooring," he went on, the words coming quickly and with a little whistling noise from between his teeth.
Tony has nice children--ten or eleven of them by this time, I guess.
Eleven warriors lie hid form the graves of their tribes since the snows have melted, and none will tell where to find them when the tongue of Chingachgook shall be silent
Duquesne, eleven other Frenchmen, and some of their own chiefs, and marched up within view of our fort, with British and French colours flying; and having sent a summons to me, in his Britannick Majesty's name, to surrender the fort, I requested two days consideration, which was granted.
After sitting a long time listening to the long stories of some sailors who had just come from a plum-pudding voyage, as they called it (that is, a short whaling-voyage in a schooner or brig, confined to the north of the line, in the Atlantic Ocean only); after listening to these plum-puddingers till nearly eleven o'clock, I went up stairs to go to bed, feeling quite sure by this time Queequeg must certainly have brought his Ramadan to a termination.
Say he stays eleven minutes, and jets seventy times, that is, respires seventy breaths; then whenever he rises again, he will be sure to have his seventy breaths over again, to a minute.
Briggs sent her servant this afternoon to ask you to take her out to-morrow at eleven o'clock.
There were five pink paper roses twisted in the veil, and eleven bright green rose leaves.
With all these evolutions, he contrived to keep the horses up to the top of their speed, until, between ten and eleven, their heels resounded on the gravel at the end of the balcony.
At ten or eleven at night, when everybody was in bed, the manor-house burst into flames.
But this is common in German hotels; the people generally go to bed long after eleven and get up long before eight.