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Related to emphysematous: emphysematous cholecystitis, emphysematous cystitis, emphysematous pyelitis
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top: normal bronchiole and alveoli
bottom: diseased bronchiole with mucus, enlarged air sacs in the alveoli, and fewer capillaries


 (ĕm′fĭ-sē′mə, -zē′-)
1. A pathological condition of the lungs marked by an abnormal increase in the size of the air spaces, resulting in labored breathing and an increased susceptibility to infection. It can be caused by irreversible expansion of the alveoli or by the destruction of alveolar walls.
2. An abnormal distension of body tissues caused by retention of air.

[Greek emphūsēma, inflation, from emphūsān, to blow in : en-, in; see en-2 + phūsān, to blow (from phūsa, bellows, bladder).]

em′phy·sem′a·tous (-sĕm′ə-təs, -sē′mə-, -zĕm′ə-, -zē′mə-) adj.
em′phy·se′mic adj. & n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.emphysematous - relating to or resembling or being emphysema


a. enfisematoso-a, rel. al enfisema.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, endobronchial coils in particular re-tension the airway network and in so doing mechanically increase elastic recoil in the emphysematous lungs, tethering open airways and thereby preventing airway collapse.
1-8) Emphysematous cystitis, which almost exclusively occurs in patients with diabetes mellitus, is rare and is rarely the result of a fungus.
Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is a radiologically diagnosed life-threatening, necrotizing infection of the kidneys characterized by the presence of gas in the renal parenchyma and its surrounding tissue.
Emphysematous spaces, as well as pneumothorax, can be created.
Emphysematous cystitis is a relatively rare infection characterized by the accumulation of air within the urinary bladder wall and bladder lumen.
1) Intramural pneumatosis and emphysematous gastritis have been reported in association with gastric bezoars.
Additional clinical signs include a frothy white or blood-tinged nasal discharge, mild cough, pneumonia, conjunctivitis, and swollen, emphysematous necks.
Reduced elastogenesis: a clue to the arteriosclerosis and emphysematous changes in Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia?
One was due to tumor invasion and necrosis, which ruptured an emphysematous bleb.
2) Cystic changes, as seen in patient 3, are usually multiple in nature and are usually surrounded by emphysematous changes, presumably due to air trapping from the sequestration itself (Figure 3).
Transmission of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (sequence type ST131) between a father and daughter resulting in septic shock and emphysematous pyelonephritis.
The clinical pattern varies in the cases observed--sepsis, peritonitis and emphysematous myonecrosis being the variants to date.