encephalitis

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en·ceph·a·li·tis

 (ĕn-sĕf′ə-lī′tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of the brain.

en·ceph′a·lit′ic (-lĭt′ĭk) adj.

encephalitis

(ˌɛnsɛfəˈlaɪtɪs; ˌɛnkɛf-)
n
(Pathology) inflammation of the brain
Also called: cephalitis
encephalitic adj

en•ceph•a•li•tis

(ɛnˌsɛf əˈlaɪ tɪs)

n.
1. inflammation of the substance of the brain.
[1835–45]
en•ceph`a•lit′ic (-ˈlɪt ɪk) adj.

en·ceph·a·li·tis

(ĕn-sĕf′ə-lī′tĭs)
Inflammation of the brain, usually caused by infection with a virus.

encephalitis

an inflamed condition of the brain.
See also: Brain

encephalitis

An infection of the brain with severe symptoms, caused by a virus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.encephalitis - inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virusencephalitis - inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus; symptoms include headache and neck pain and drowsiness and nausea and fever (`phrenitis' is no longer in scientific use)
inflammation, redness, rubor - a response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain and swelling and redness and heat
acute hemorrhagic encephalitis - encephalitis that resembles apoplexy due to blood extravasation
equine encephalitis, equine encephalomyelitis - encephalitis caused by a virus that is transmitted by a mosquito from an infected horse
acute inclusion body encephalitis, herpes encephalitis, herpes simplex encephalitis - common form of acute encephalitis caused by herpes simplex 1; usually affects the temporal and frontal lobes
leukoencephalitis - inflammation of the white matter of the brain
cerebromeningitis, encephalomeningitis, meningoencephalitis - inflammation of the brain and spinal cord and their meninges
panencephalitis - diffuse inflammation of the entire brain
encephalitis lethargica, epidemic encephalitis, lethargic encephalitis, sleeping sickness, sleepy sickness - an encephalitis that was epidemic between 1915 and 1926; symptoms include paralysis of the extrinsic eye muscle and extreme muscular weakness
West Nile encephalitis - encephalitis caused by the West Nile virus; can be fatal in humans and horses and birds
Translations
encefalitida
EnzephalitisGehirnentzündung
heilabólga

encephalitis

[ˌensefəˈlaɪtɪs] Nencefalitis f

encephalitis

nGehirnentzündung f

encephalitis

[ˌɛnsɛfəˈlaɪtɪs] nencefalite f

en·ceph·a·li·tis

n. encefalitis, infl. del encéfalo;
acute hemorrhagic ______ aguda hemorrágica;
acute necrotizing ______ aguda necrotizante;
bacterial ______ bacteriana;
epidemic ______ epidémica;
experimental allergic ______ experimental alérgica;
herpes ______ herpética;
lethargic ______ letárgica;
neonatorum ______ del recién nacido;
purulent ______ purulenta;
pyogenic ______ piogénica;
suppurative ______ supurativa.

encephalitis

n encefalitis f; eastern equine — encefalitis equina del este, encefalitis equina oriental (Esp); Venezuelan equine — encefalitis equina venezolana
References in periodicals archive ?
Study of some current viral encephalitides in the Socialist Republic of Rumania [in Rumanian].
Viral encephalitides are found all over the world with specific viruses being common in different geographical regions.
Mosquito-Borne Viral Encephalitides in Active Component, Reserve/Guard, and Other Beneficiaries from 2005-2014 [internet].
2] Chumakov institute of poliomyelitis and viral encephalitides, Moscow 142782, Russian Federation.
Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS), microcephaly and all the encephalitides, have been of concern to public health officials in Latin America since the arrival of emerging arboviruses.
The seizures associated with these autoimmune encephalitides are generally immune to standard anti-epileptic drugs.
71) One approach that the military has taken to promote voluntary participation in research is to establish special units from which to draw subjects, beginning with Operation Whitecoat, in which 2,300 Seventh-Day Adventist Church conscientious objectors between 1954 and 1973 participated in 137 protocols to develop vaccines and treatments for Q fever, tuleremia, various viral encephalitides, Rift Valley fever virus, sand fly fever and plague, (72) and continuing with the Medical Research Volunteer Subjects program using the US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) troops recruited from "Medic School 91B" at Fort Sam Houston, Texas.
Moreover, autoimmune and infectious encephalitides are clinically indistinguishable (3).
Whether the infection originates from an evolving threat such as insect-borne encephalitides, which could come simply from the bite of an infected mosquito, or a more familiar disease such as bacterial meningitis, the outcome for affected patients is often related to the speed with which the diagnosis is made and appropriate surgical and medical management is initiated.
Cutaneous vasculitis may be present as a significant component of many diseases such as equine viral arteritis (EVA), equine herpes virus infection, Equine ehrlichiosis, African horse sickness, Hendra disease, Venezuelan equine encephalitides, congestive heart failure and angioneurotic edema (Del, 2000).
8) For southern Africa, however, the net climate change impact on malaria has been estimated to be neutral, while Dengue fever, tick-borne encephalitides and plague are predicted to increase.
PBA also has been reported in patients with Parkinson's disease, brain tumors, Wilson's disease, syphilitic pseudobulbar palsy, and various encephalitides.