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Related to encephalon: encephalopathy, encephalitis, telencephalon


n. pl. en·ceph·a·la (-lə)
The brain of a vertebrate.

[Greek enkephalon, from neuter of enkephalos, in the head; see encephalo-.]

en·ceph′a·lous adj.


n, pl -la (-lə)
(Anatomy) a technical name for brain
[C18: from New Latin, from Greek enkephalos brain (literally: that which is in the head), from en-2 + kephalē head]
enˈcephalous adj


(ɛnˈsɛf əˌlɒn, -lən)

n., pl. -lons, -la (-lə).
the brain.
[1735–45; < New Latin, alter. (-on for -os) of Greek enképhalos (adj.) within the head, as masculine n., brain]
en`ce•phal′ic (-səˈfæl ɪk) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.encephalon - that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centersencephalon - that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord
circle of Willis - a ring of arteries at the base of the brain
arteria communicans, communicating artery - any of three arteries in the brain that make up the circle of Willis
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
brain cell - a nerve cell in the brain
central nervous system, CNS, systema nervosum centrale - the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
neencephalon, neoencephalon - the part of the brain having the most recent phylogenetic origin; the cerebral cortex and related parts
forebrain, prosencephalon - the anterior portion of the brain; the part of the brain that develops from the anterior part of the neural tube
mesencephalon, midbrain - the middle portion of the brain
hindbrain, rhombencephalon - the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
brain stem, brainstem, brain-stem - the part of the brain continuous with the spinal cord and comprising the medulla oblongata and pons and midbrain and parts of the hypothalamus
ventricle - one of four connected cavities in the brain; is continuous with the central canal of the spinal cord and contains cerebrospinal fluid
head, caput - the upper part of the human body or the front part of the body in animals; contains the face and brains; "he stuck his head out the window"


n. encéfalo, porción del sistema nervioso contenido en el cráneo.
References in periodicals archive ?
At necropsy, darkened blood (chocolatecolored; Figure 1C) of difficult coagulation, cherryred colored skeletal (Figure 1D) and cardiac (Figure 1E) musculature, stomach compartments dilated due to large amounts of gas, and lungs (Figure 1F), kidneys, liver and encephalon brownish-colored were observed.
B, The fresh encephalon has a pink-beige cortex that turns gray after formalin fixation (heme turned into hematin, see also Figure 3, B.
Paralyses can be due to direct damage of the sixth cranial nerve, encephalon nuclei or less frequently, diffuse axonal damage.
159): "The totality of the conscious and unconscious processes stemming from the encephalon and giving direction to all behavior.
Neurotoxic effects of thimerosal at vaccine doses on the encephalon and development in 7 days-old hamsters.
A comatose condition develops, from which the dying man initially recovers, realizing he is lying in a pond of blood, in terrible pain, which he cannot properly identify (arm, chest, skull) because his encephalon is coaffected.
In situations in which two stimuli are presented very close unexpectedly, the encephalon of the karateka capture the first stimulus attack and begins select and generate a response to it (Schmidt and Wrisberg, 2010).
Axonal projections extend from this nucleus, innervating nearly every region throughout the encephalon, including the cerebellum (1).
The magnetic nuclear resonance of the encephalon was done in only 14,9% (13) of the patients mainly because there was a suspicion of convulsive crises secondary to parasitic diseases and neoplasia.
To bring all the pieces of the puzzle together, Markram and his team have devised a way of gathering all relevant data about the encephalon from around the globe using a supercomputer called Blue Gene.

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