encephalopathy

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Related to encephalopathies: alcoholic encephalopathy

en·ceph·a·lop·a·thy

 (ĕn-sĕf′ə-lŏp′ə-thē)
n. pl. en·ceph·a·lop·a·thies
Any of various diseases of the brain.

en·ceph′a·lo·path′ic (-lə-păth′ĭk) adj.

encephalopathy

(ɛnˌsɛfəˈlɒpəθɪ)
n
(Pathology) any degenerative disease of the brain, often associated with toxic conditions. See also BSE

en•ceph•a•lop•a•thy

(ɛnˌsɛf əˈlɒp ə θi)

n., pl. -thies.
any disease of the brain.
[1865–70]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.encephalopathy - any disorder or disease of the brainencephalopathy - any disorder or disease of the brain
nervous disorder, neurological disease, neurological disorder - a disorder of the nervous system
epilepsy - a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions
apraxia - inability to make purposeful movements
paralysis agitans, Parkinsonism, Parkinson's, Parkinson's disease, Parkinson's syndrome, shaking palsy - a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination
cerebral palsy, spastic paralysis - a loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms caused by permanent brain damage present at birth
agraphia, anorthography, logagraphia - a loss of the ability to write or to express thoughts in writing because of a brain lesion
acataphasia - a disorder in which a lesion to the central nervous system leaves you unable to formulate a statement or to express yourself in an organized manner
aphasia - inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
agnosia - inability to recognize objects by use of the senses
CJD, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease - rare (usually fatal) brain disease (usually in middle age) caused by an unidentified slow virus; characterized by progressive dementia and gradual loss of muscle control
Reye's syndrome - acquired encephalopathy following acute viral infections (especially influenza or chicken pox) in young children; characterized by fever, vomiting, disorientation, coma, and fatty infiltration of the liver
Wernicke's encephalopathy - inflammatory degenerative disease of the brain caused by thiamine deficiency that is usually associated with alcoholism
Translations

en·ceph·a·lop·a·thy

, encephalopathia
n. encefalopatía, cualquier enfermedad cerebral.

encephalopathy

n encefalopatía; bovine spongiform — encefalopatía espongiforme bovina, enfermedad f de las vacas locas (fam); chronic traumatic — encefalopatía traumática crónica; hepatic — encefalopatía hepática; Wernicke’s — encefalopatía de Wernicke
References in periodicals archive ?
About KCNQ2 Epileptic Encephalopathy KCNQ2 epileptic encephalopathies are caused by mutations in the KCNQ2 gene (also known as the potassium voltage-gated channel, KQT-like subfamily, member 2 gene).
Contract notice: Delivery carried out through the purchase of diagnostic kits for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies in ruminants for the implementation of surveillance programs for tses in animals in 2015, including two lots:
Wernicke encephalopathy is an example of the wide range of brain diseases called encephalopathies that are caused by metabolic disorders and toxic substances," said Matthew McCoyd, a neurologist at Loyola University Medical Centre in the US.
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, also known as prion diseases, are fatal neurodegenerative disorders that affect humans and animals.
After an overview, experts in the field discuss the determinants, genetics, pathophysiology, and treatment of most of the drug-related encephalopathies which have relevance in clinical practice, such as those related to antiepileptic drugs, alcohol and drugs of abuse, antibiotics, and benzodiazepines.
Prion-associated encephalopathies are characterized by requiting a protein component (prion) for communicability.
Spongiform encephalopathies are also called prion (PREE-on) diseases.
Among children with HIV--associated encephalopathies, verbal, motor, and emotional expression may be quite limited.
Researchers in the United Kingdom studying livestock that resist so-called transmissible spongiform encephalopathies report mixed results.
The major goal of the book is to address the pathologic mechanisms leading to the generation of spongiform encephalopathies.
Numerous studies have shown that spongiform encephalopathies are transmissible between species.
CJD is in the family of Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs), a mysterious class of degenerative diseases that produces holes in the brain, causing the tissue to appear sponge-like and creating symptoms similar to Alzheimer's.