IDH mutations are also relatively common in enchondromas
, chondrosarcoma, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, and sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma.
Fibrous dysplasia, enchondromas
, osteochondromas, aneurysmal bone cysts, and eosinophilic granulomas are the most common benign pathologies arising from the bone or cartilage in childhood.
Most of the cases were for treatment of benign bony conditions such as giant cell tumor, UBC, ABC, enchondromas
, and chondroblastomas.
are composed of hyaline cartilage arranged in lobules within the central medullary canal.
7) Sporadic Haemangioma, venous malformations, cavernous lymphangiomas, dyschondroplasia, enchondromas
The differential diagnosis of hereditary multiple exostoses includes the enchondromatosis, which are a heterogeneous group of syndromes that present with multiple enchondromas
associated with pathological fractures, pseudarthrosis, limb shortening, malignant transformation risk, and scoliosis.
2) Although they usually occur spontaneously, they may also arise as a result of malignant degeneration of an endochondroma, as seen in both Maffucci syndrome (a mesodermal dysplasia that causes enchondromas
and hemangiomas) and Ollier disease (which manifests as multiple enchondromas
Human OSs are arising in irradiated bone, in bone affected by Paget's disease, and in skeletal tumors (multiple enchondromas
, multiple osteochondromas, fibrous dysplasia, and chondorsarcomas) (34, 35).
are one of the most common benign bone tumors and can often be incidental findings on routine knee radiographs and MRI studies .
Nail Unit Enchondromas
and Osteochondromas: ASurgical Approach.
23) Additional differential diagnoses include benign bony lesions such as aneurysmal bone cysts, unicameral bone cysts, enchondromas
, osteochondromas and osteoid osteomas as well as malignant tumors and locally invasive tumors such as osteosarcomas, and giant cell tumors.