Enclitics


Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

En`clit´ics


n.1.(Gram.) The art of declining and conjugating words.
References in periodicals archive ?
One wishes that the contributors had made more effort to furnish examples where the text of the Avesta can be substantially improved (with previously unrecognized linguistic forms and/ or meaning, rather than merely dots separating enclitics, etc.
The imperative forms in (55) show that enclitics never count towards satisfying the bisyllabic minimality requirement (Myers 1995: 87-88):
In summary, there are differences between the dialects regarding the unmarked position of the possessive, the use of enclitics and the use of the definite article.
The first volume contains the introduction--which includes discussions of sounds and spelling and phonology and orthography, and dialects--and a Yup'ik-English dictionary of base words; the second contains postbases, endings, enclitics, appendices, and an English-to-Yup'ik index.
Both the enclitics and the demonstrative pronouns may conclude the noun phrase:
No clear instances of participle + pronominal marker occur in past time contexts (only participle + first/second person enclitics would be unequivocal), and the few instances of the participle without [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] in past time other than verbs introducing direct speech are best characterized as past imperfectives, not historical presents.
On Greek enclitics, see Herbert Weir Smyth, Greek Grammar, ed.
The Hungarian verbal suffix 1/3PSg -k is generally derived more or less plausibly from (reflexive) enclitics.
Each of these verb phrases contains ordered segments including incorporated nominals, bound Benefactive pronouns and enclitics marking tense, mood and aspect.
Certain case enclitics can also follow phrase-final verbs in adverbial subordinate clauses; (9) (6) illustrates such a use with the locative clitic =kah; see also (7) below for an example with the genitive used in a purpose clause.
They are affixed to the verbs as enclitics, causing in some circumstances the assimilation of the final consonant of the verbal base to the enclitic.
It can also point to areas where substitution sets are more and less limited: stems belong to an open category, as do adverbial prefixes, but aspectual and subject agreement markers, and category-changing enclitics, belong to closed classes and are for this reason less numerous (and at the same time, may be far more frequent).