encumber


Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Idioms.

en·cum·ber

 (ĕn-kŭm′bər)
tr.v. en·cum·bered, en·cum·ber·ing, en·cum·bers
1. To cause to have difficulty in moving or in accomplishing something; burden: a hiker encumbered with a heavy pack; a student encumbered with responsibilities.
2. To hinder or impede the action or performance of: restrictions that encumber police work. See Synonyms at hinder1.
3. To burden with legal or financial obligations: an estate that is encumbered with debts.

[Middle English encombren, from Old French encombrer, to block up : en-, in; see en-1 + combre, hindrance (from Gaulish *comboros).]

encumber

(ɪnˈkʌmbə) or

incumber

vb (tr)
1. to hinder or impede; make difficult; hamper: encumbered with parcels after going shopping at Christmas; his stupidity encumbers his efforts to learn.
2. to fill with superfluous or useless matter
3. to burden with debts, obligations, etc
[C14: from Old French encombrer, from en-1 + combre a barrier, from Late Latin combrus, of uncertain origin]
enˈcumberingly, inˈcumberingly adv

en•cum•ber

(ɛnˈkʌm bər)

v.t.
1. to impede or hinder; hamper.
2. to block up or fill with superfluous or obstructive things.
3. to weigh down; burden.
4. to burden with obligations, debt, etc.
[1300–50; Middle English < Anglo-French, Middle French encombrer=en- en-1 + -combrer, v. derivative of combre dam, weir « Gaulish *comberos confluence, bringing together]

encumber


Past participle: encumbered
Gerund: encumbering

Imperative
encumber
encumber
Present
I encumber
you encumber
he/she/it encumbers
we encumber
you encumber
they encumber
Preterite
I encumbered
you encumbered
he/she/it encumbered
we encumbered
you encumbered
they encumbered
Present Continuous
I am encumbering
you are encumbering
he/she/it is encumbering
we are encumbering
you are encumbering
they are encumbering
Present Perfect
I have encumbered
you have encumbered
he/she/it has encumbered
we have encumbered
you have encumbered
they have encumbered
Past Continuous
I was encumbering
you were encumbering
he/she/it was encumbering
we were encumbering
you were encumbering
they were encumbering
Past Perfect
I had encumbered
you had encumbered
he/she/it had encumbered
we had encumbered
you had encumbered
they had encumbered
Future
I will encumber
you will encumber
he/she/it will encumber
we will encumber
you will encumber
they will encumber
Future Perfect
I will have encumbered
you will have encumbered
he/she/it will have encumbered
we will have encumbered
you will have encumbered
they will have encumbered
Future Continuous
I will be encumbering
you will be encumbering
he/she/it will be encumbering
we will be encumbering
you will be encumbering
they will be encumbering
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been encumbering
you have been encumbering
he/she/it has been encumbering
we have been encumbering
you have been encumbering
they have been encumbering
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been encumbering
you will have been encumbering
he/she/it will have been encumbering
we will have been encumbering
you will have been encumbering
they will have been encumbering
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been encumbering
you had been encumbering
he/she/it had been encumbering
we had been encumbering
you had been encumbering
they had been encumbering
Conditional
I would encumber
you would encumber
he/she/it would encumber
we would encumber
you would encumber
they would encumber
Past Conditional
I would have encumbered
you would have encumbered
he/she/it would have encumbered
we would have encumbered
you would have encumbered
they would have encumbered
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.encumber - hold back
confine, limit, throttle, trammel, restrain, restrict, bound - place limits on (extent or access); "restrict the use of this parking lot"; "limit the time you can spend with your friends"
bridle - put a bridle on; "bridle horses"
curb - keep to the curb; "curb your dogs"
clog - impede the motion of, as with a chain or a burden; "horses were clogged until they were tamed"

encumber

verb
1. burden, load, embarrass, saddle, oppress, obstruct, retard, weigh down The company is still labouring under the debt burden that it was encumbered with in the 1980s.
2. hamper, restrict, handicap, slow down, cramp, inhibit, clog, hinder, inconvenience, overload, impede, weigh down, trammel, incommode fishermen encumbered with bulky clothing and boots

encumber

verb
1. To place a burden or heavy load on:
2. To interfere with the progress of:
Idiom: get in the way of.
Translations

encumber

[ɪnˈkʌmbəʳ] VT [+ person, movement] → estorbar; (with debts) → cargar; [+ place] → llenar (with de) to be encumbered withtener que cargar con; [+ debts] → estar cargado de

encumber

[ɪnˈkʌmbər] vt
to encumber o.s. with sth → s'encombrer de qch
to be encumbered by sth [+ luggage] → être encombré(e) de qch; [+ debts] → être criblé(e) de qch; [+ rules, regulations] → être surchargé(e) de qch

encumber

vtbeladen; (with debts) → belasten; encumbered property (Fin) → belasteter Grundbesitz

encumber

[ɪnˈkʌmbəʳ] vt to encumber (with) (person, with luggage) → caricare (di); (with debts) → gravare (di); (room) → ingombrare (di)
References in classic literature ?
Firm, faithful, and devoted, full of energy, and zeal, and truth, he labours for his race; he clears their painful way to improvement; he hews down like a giant the prejudices of creed and caste that encumber it.
Again, not a very difficult condition with which to encumber such a rise in fortune; but if you have any objection to it, this is the time to mention it.
If you are wise, you will not encumber yourself with more than thirty, and you will find those trouble enough.
The Portuguese, who were more desirous of glory than wealth, did not encumber themselves with plunder, but with the utmost expedition pursued their enemies, in hopes of cutting them entirely off.
I do not then see why, without real necessity, I should encumber my life with a perpetual companion.