Voltaire, the French Encyclopedists
, Condorcet, Comte, and German naturalists like Goethe, tried to discover a science-based substitute for religion.
1) The volumes by Alatorre and De la Maza both collect, in chronological order, references to Sor Juana made by biographers, encyclopedists
, other poets, etc.
What interested Le Play in Comte was his shift of the focus of a theory of progress away from what had been predominant in the various accounts of the early French Encyclopedists
, namely an improvement in material well-being that led to an automatic increase in freedom and enlightenment.
The Enlightenment started in France, where Voltaire (1694-1778) and the Encyclopedists
were its major proponents.
Italy had therefore, after the mid-eighteenth century, its Genovesi and Filangeri and Galiani and Beccaria and Verri and so many others of similar temper, in whom the study of the economists vied with the disbelief of the encyclopedists
Matfre clearly did not take such a view; his Breviari constituted an unprecedented attempt to wed the highly allusive and formally complex love poetry of the troubadours to the exhaustive but prosaic erudition of the encyclopedists
, partly through direct quotations of the lyric.
In the dreams of modern reason, from the Encyclopedists
and Jacobins in the eighteenth century to the socialists and anarchists of the nineteenth and twentieth, the Tower of Babel would be rebuilt, the whole restored.
The French Revolution, inspired by the idea of the Encyclopedists
of the eighteenth century, actually decreed that "prisoners of war are under the safeguard of the Nation and the protection of the laws.
This tradition of associating places with markers from sacred history perhaps found its clearest expression in the work of the encyclopedists
of the thirteenth century.
She then examines the work of the early encyclopedists
, Diderot and d'Alembert.
On the one hand, the French Encyclopedists
focused on the "self-evidentness" of the truth, and sought to strip away the layers of rationalist and religious commentary that had obscured sensory nature and obstructed the pursuit of empirical knowledge.
For a time, she was tolerant of the Encyclopedists
, one of whom described her as 'one of us'.