Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
1. Prevalent in a particular locality, region, or population: endemic diseases of the tropics.
2. Native only to a particular locality or region: endemic birds.
3. Common in or inherent to an enterprise or situation: "All the difficulties endemic to historical research become more acute in the case of war" (Constantine Pleshakov).
1. An organism that is native only to a particular locality or region.
2. A disease that is prevalent in a particular locality, region, or population.
[From Greek endēmos, native, endemic : en-, in; see en-2 + dēmos, people; see dā- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
present within a localized area or peculiar to persons in such an area
(Biology) an endemic disease or plant
[C18: from New Latin endēmicus, from Greek endēmos native, from en-2 + dēmos the people]
ˈendemism, ˌendeˈmicity n
adj. Also, en•dem′i•cal.
1. natural to or characteristic of a particular place, people, etc.: an endemic disease; endemic unemployment.
2. belonging exclusively or confined to a particular place: a species of bat endemic to Mexico.n.
3. an endemic organism or disease.
[1655–65; < New Latin endēmicus= Greek éndēm(os) endemic (en- en-2 + -demos, adj. derivative of dêmos people) + Latin -icus -ic]
en′de•mism (-dəˌmɪz əm) n.
1. Found in or confined to a particular location, region, or people. Malaria, for example, is endemic to tropical regions.
Usage A disease that occurs regularly in a particular area, as malaria does in many tropical countries, is said to be endemic. The word endemic, built from the prefix en-, "in or within," and the Greek word demos, "people," means "within the people (of a region)." A disease that affects many more people than usual in a particular area or that spreads into regions in which it does not usually occur is said to be epidemic. This word, built from the prefix epi-, meaning "upon," and demos, means "upon the people." In order for a disease to become epidemic it must be highly contagious, that is, easily spread through a population. Influenza, better known as the flu, has been the cause of many epidemics throughout history. Epidemics of waterborne diseases such as cholera often occur after natural disasters such as earthquakes and severe storms that disrupt or destroy sanitation systems and supplies of fresh water.
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||endemic - a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location|
disease - an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
|2.||endemic - a plant that is native to a certain limited area; "it is an endemic found only this island"|
|Adj.||1.||endemic - of or relating to a disease (or anything resembling a disease) constantly present to greater or lesser extent in a particular locality; "diseases endemic to the tropics"; "endemic malaria"; "food shortages and starvation are endemic in certain parts of the world"|
ecdemic - of or relating to a disease that originates outside the locality in which it occurs
epidemic - (especially of medicine) of disease or anything resembling a disease; attacking or affecting many individuals in a community or a population simultaneously; "an epidemic outbreak of influenza"
|2.||endemic - native to or confined to a certain region; "the islands have a number of interesting endemic species"|
bionomics, environmental science, ecology - the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment
|3.||endemic - originating where it is found; "the autochthonal fauna of Australia includes the kangaroo"; "autochthonous rocks and people and folktales"; "endemic folkways"; "the Ainu are indigenous to the northernmost islands of Japan"|
native - characteristic of or existing by virtue of geographic origin; "the native North American sugar maple"; "many native artists studied abroad"
endemic[enˈdemɪk] ADJ → endémico
endemic[ɛnˈdɛmɪk] adj → endemico/a
(of a disease etc) regularly found in people or a district owing to local conditions. Malaria is endemic in/to certain tropical countries. endemies مُسْتَوْطِن ендемичен endêmico endemický heimisch endemisk ενδημικόςendémico endeemiline بومی kotoperäinen endémique מַחָלָה נְפוֹצָה विशेष क्षेत्री, स्थानिक endemski endemikus, endémiás (betegség) mewabah landlægur endemico 風土性の 풍토성인 vietinis, endeminis (par slimību) endēmisks, vietējs endemik endemischknyttet til et bestemt område, endemisk endemiczny ساری endémico endemic эндемический endemický endemičen endemski endemisk, inhemsk ซึ่งเป็นโรคประจำท้องถิ่น หรือประเทศ yerel, yöresel (疾病等)地方性的 ендемічний; місцевий کسے خاص طبقے یا علاقے میں پایا جانے والا bệnh địa phương （疾病等）地方性的
a. endémico-a, rel. a una enfermedad que permanece por un tiempo indefinido en una comunidad o región;
___ area → área ___;
___ disease → enfermedad ___;
___ relapsing fever → fiebre recurrente ___.