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n. pl. en·do·car·di·a (-dē-ə)
The thin serous membrane, composed of endothelial tissue, that lines the interior of the heart.

[New Latin : endo- + Greek kardiā, heart; see kerd- in Indo-European roots.]

en′do·car′di·al adj.


(ˌɛndəʊˈkɑːdɪəl) or


1. (Anatomy) of or relating to the endocardium
2. (Anatomy) within the heart


(ˌɛn doʊˈkɑr di əl)

1. situated within the heart.
2. Also, en•do•car•di•ac (ˌɛn doʊˈkɑr diˌæk) of or pertaining to the endocardium.
[1840–50; endo- + Greek kardí(a) heart + -al1; or endocardi (um) + -al1]
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References in periodicals archive ?
Gross examination of explanted bioprostheses in the aortic valve position has disclosed endocardial fibrosis of the sewing rings and fibrous tissue extending onto the cusps with significant fusion (1).
The patient had endocardial fibrosis with mitral regurgitation and did not respond to steroids, but his symptoms and blood count normalized after treatment with [alpha]-interferon and cyclosporine.