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1. Of or relating to a group of syntactically related words, at least one of which is functionally equivalent to the function of the whole group. For example, the noun table in the noun phrase the old table is endocentric because it has the same grammatical function as the whole noun phrase.
2. Of or relating to a compound word whose referent is the same as the referent of one of its constituent parts. For example, the noun blackboard is endocentric in that it refers to a type of board.


(Grammar) grammar (of a construction) fulfilling the grammatical role of one of its constituents; as in three blind mice, where the whole noun phrase fulfils the same role as its head noun mice. Compare exocentric


(ˌɛn doʊˈsɛn trɪk)

(of a construction or compound) having the same syntactic function in a sentence as its chief constituent, as cold water, which functions as would the noun water. Compare exocentric.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.endocentric - fulfilling the grammatical role of one of its constituents; "when `three blind mice' serves as a noun it is an endocentric construction"
grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
exocentric - not fulfilling the same grammatical role of any of its constituents; "when `until last Easter' serves as an adverb it is an exocentric construction"
References in periodicals archive ?
Even though endocentric nominal compounds in Igala generally obey Left-Hand head rule (N1 as head), synthetic compounds in Igala, it has been observed, exhibit the possibility for either Left-Hand head position or Right-Hand head position.
Keywords: infix endocentric formation compound genitive particle.
Existing accounts of the restrictions on middles have also been exceedingly endocentric.
These schemas can combine mutually and instantiate the two major types of morphological constructions of language-generic nature advanced in this work: endocentric and exocentric constructions.
This procedure of observing artworks must somehow be built on an amalgamation in language of meaningful sounds and sound sequences, corresponding to morphemes, words, word combinations, sentences, paragraphs, and other endocentric and exocentric elements of verbal language, thus enabling their mutual transcodification into the metaphorical similarity of iconic and indexical "engineering" of artistic expressions.
Hittite has a few endocentric determinative compounds, tatpurusaa and karmadharayas (e.
In the terminology of LSW conversion is an endocentric morphological construction, given that the categorial feature is projected from the Nucleus and cannot percolate from lexical arguments showing up in Argument or Periphery position.
Martin Arista argues that derivation (including compounding and affixation) can be endocentric or exocentric, whereas inflection is exocentric.
In parallel, immigration weakens endocentric religious establishments, though not necessarily religious beliefs (Foner,1997).
the most traditional and pervasive classification of compounds in linguistic literature is based on the work of Leonard Bloomfield (1933), who suggested that compounds fall into two main groups, namely endocentric and exocentric.
This involves a reassessment of the use of brackets, a reconsideration of the status of the nuclear predication as well as the modification possibilities of properties, and the formalisation of exocentric in addition to endocentric layers in FDG.
Key words: nominal composition, nominal compound, nominal syntagm, compound lexeme, endocentric compound, terminological syntagm, plurilexematic terminological unit