In Pakistan including Tandojam, endoparasitism
is no doubt, one of the major menaces for livestock to be a profitable industry [13, 9].
The parasitism caused by parasites can be divided into 2 categories as endoparasitism
caused by endoparasites likehelminthes and ectoparasitism caused by ectoparasites.
, especially infestation with cestodes, nematode and liver trematodes is widespread in farm animals poses a serious health threat and limitation to productivity (Tonar and Korkmaz, 2003).
At necropsy, the gross and histologic findings were chronic, granulomatous, heterophilic, and necrotizing oophoritis; salpingitis; peritonitis; otitis; and meningitis, as well as endoparasitism
by Heterakis species.