in seeds and needles of Pinus monticola.
There are records of other xylariaceous endophytes
from palms (Taylor et al.
However, our study showed that AMF colonization rates were high in the AMF treatment for all plants, not just those without endophytes
are 'fungi or bacteria, which for all or part of their life cycle invade the tissues of living plants and cause unapparent and asymptomatic infections entirely within plant tissues, but cause no symptoms of disease'(Wilson, 1995).
In their greenhouse studies, Nyczepir and Meyer investigated four tall fescue varieties, three of which were infected with fungal endophytes
that live within the plant--typically between its cells--but do not cause disease in it.
In fact, said Rodriguez, using these tiny fungi - called endophytes
- is one of the only real strategies available for mitigating the effects of climate change on plants in natural and agricultural ecosystems.
Non-toxic fungi called endophytes
live inside meadow fescue, helping it survive heat, drought and pests.
that colonize the vine's water-conducting tissue and disrupt PD
In spite of the extensive reports about the presence of endophytes
in these commercial crops, very little is known about the secondary metabolites produced by them.
The interest in endophytes
first began when fungal endophytes
in grasses were found to produce alkaloids which are toxic to herbivores (Bacon et al.
from desert species were applied to temperate plants, like tomatoes, they were able to withstand drought and high temperatures.
Microbe-plant interactions are highlighted through discussion of endophytes
and mycorrhizal partners, genetic instability of rhizoba, and the role of siderophores and actinomyces in disease suppression.