Induction of gametogenesis in the cnidarian endosymbiosis
model Aiptasia sp.
However, there is little information as to how free-living autonomous bacteria became semi-autonomous organelles during endosymbiosis
in early eukaryotic evolution.
hypothesis was first proposed in the 1960s by biologist Lynn Margulis, who believed that organelles such as chloroplasts and mitochondria, the energy-producing organelles in all eukaryotic organisms, were originally free-living organisms that were conscripted into the bodies of larger cells.
Key words: Whitefly, Endosymbiosis
, Cotton, PCR, CLCV.
Oldroyd GE, Harrison MJ, Paszkowski U (2009) Reprogramming plant cells for endosymbiosis
The mitochondrion is thought to have had its origin in the fusion of an anaerobic archebaterium and an aerobic eubacterium in the process of endosymbiosis
He describes how these constraints affected the later evolution of cells and kept bacteria and archaea simple organisms, and how an endosymbiosis
in which one bacterium got inside an archaeon broke those constraints and enabled the evolution of more complex cells, and why it only happened once.
of Animals with Plant Microorganisms.
Hraber, Discovering Molecular Mechanisms of Mutualism with Computational Approaches to Endosymbiosis
, University of New Mexico, Santa Fe, NM, USA, 2001.
635-600 million years ago - mya-), a process preceded by endosymbiosis
That the theory of endosymbiosis
was relatively new and the mechanism of chemiosmotic oxidative phosphorylation not yet taught impresses them little.
2011, Metabolic constraints on the evolution of genetic codes: Did multiple 'preaerobic' ecosystem transitions entrain richer dialects via Serial Endosymbiosis