endothelium


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en·do·the·li·um

 (ĕn′dō-thē′lē-əm)
n. pl. en·do·the·li·a (-lē-ə)
A thin layer of flat epithelial cells that lines serous cavities, lymph vessels, and blood vessels.

[New Latin endothēlium : endo- + Greek thēlē, nipple; see dhē(i)- in Indo-European roots.]

en′do·the′li·al, en′do·the′li·oid′ adj.

endothelium

(ˌɛndəʊˈθiːlɪəm)
n, pl -lia (-lɪə)
(Anatomy) a tissue consisting of a single layer of cells that lines the blood and lymph vessels, heart, and some other cavities
[C19: New Latin, from endo- + -thelium, from Greek thēlē nipple]
ˌendoˈthelial adj
ˌendoˈtheliˌoid adj

en•do•the•li•um

(ˌɛn doʊˈθi li əm)

n., pl. -li•a (-li ə)
a single layer of smooth tissue that lines the heart, blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and serous cavities.
[1870–75; endo- + New Latin -thelium; compare epithelium]
en`do•the′li•al, adj.

endothelium

The cell layer lining the inside of the circulatory and lymphatic systems.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.endothelium - an epithelium of mesoblastic origin; a thin layer of flattened cells that lines the inside of some body cavities
epithelial tissue, epithelium - membranous tissue covering internal organs and other internal surfaces of the body
Translations

en·do·the·li·um

n. endotelio, capa celular interna que reviste los vasos sanguíneos, los canales linfáticos, el corazón y otras cavidades.
References in periodicals archive ?
To demonstrate the role of endothelium in EOFAZ-mediated vasodilation in the rat thoracic aorta, concentration-dependent responses to EOFAZ was detected in endothelium-with and endothelium-without rings pre-contracted by NE (1.
This is especially manifest and is being conducted on a large scale where the large carbon emboli are located; in all probability at these points the vitality of the endothelium is reduced and the permeability of its protoplasm increased.
The endothelium, the innermost layer, has cells that remove excess water from the stroma to maintain the cornea's transparency.
Homocysteine affects the balance between coagulation and fibrinolysis, in which the endothelium plays a key role (12).
Lining every blood vessel in the body is an incredibly thin layer of cells called the endothelium.
These and other substances linked with high blood cholesterol may cause the cells to the artery wall to make certain substances that result in more buildup of white cells from the blood and cells normally found in the artery wall in the endothelium, where the atherosclerotic lesions form.
New Data Show Effective and Durable Target Gene Silencing in Vascular Endothelium Lasting More than Two Months after Single Dose -
Histologic analysis suggested angiosarcoma of the liver (Figure 1); dense rows of tumorous cells (Figure 1A) can be seen near the areas of hemorrhage, and the vascular space of the tumor is lined with atypical endothelium, marked sarcomatous stroma, dense rows of tumorous cells with distinct polymorphism, and hyperchromatosis (Figure 1B).
To determine whether aging is also related to an impaired basal formation of NO, the ability of the endothelium to depress contractile responses was evaluated.
Endothelial dysfunction is synonymous with the insufficiency of endothelium dependent vasodilatation and results in the failure of vasoactive, anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory effects of healthy endothelium.
At the end of the study, NCX 4016 showed statistical significance on the primary endpoint of the study which was to reverse endothelium dysfunction induced by physical exercise as measured by flow mediated vasodilation (FMD - see note 2) (p= 0.
Ignarro's team found that when certain neurotransmitters in the blood bind to receptors on the endothelium - a layer of cells lining the insides of arteries - these cells begin to manufacture nitric oxide.

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