enemy


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en·e·my

 (ĕn′ə-mē)
n. pl. en·e·mies
1.
a. One who feels hatred toward, intends injury to, or opposes another; a foe.
b. One who opposes or is hostile to an idea or cause: an enemy of democracy.
c. Something destructive or injurious in its effects: "Art hath an enemy called Ignorance" (Ben Jonson).
2.
a. A hostile power or force, such as a nation.
b. A member or unit of such a force.
3. A group of foes or hostile forces. See Usage Note at collective noun.
adj.
Of, relating to, or being a hostile power or force.

[Middle English enemi, from Old French, from Latin inimīcus : in-, not; see in-1 + amīcus, friend.]

enemy

(ˈɛnəmɪ)
n, pl -mies
1. a person hostile or opposed to a policy, cause, person, or group, esp one who actively tries to do damage; opponent
2. (Military)
a. an armed adversary; opposing military force
b. (as modifier): enemy aircraft.
3.
a. a hostile nation or people
b. (as modifier): an enemy alien.
4. something that harms or opposes; adversary: courage is the enemy of failure.
[C13: from Old French enemi, from Latin inimīcus hostile, from in-1 + amīcus friend]

en•e•my

(ˈɛn ə mi)

n., pl. -mies,
adj. n.
1. a person who hates, opposes, or fosters harmful designs against another; hostile opponent.
2. an opposing military force.
3. a ship, aircraft, etc., of such a force.
4. a hostile nation or state.
5. a citizen of such a state.
6. something harmful or prejudicial.
adj.
7. belonging to a hostile power or to any of its nationals: enemy property.
8. Obs. inimical; ill-disposed.
[1250–1300; < Old French < Latin inimicus unfriendly; =in- in-3 + amicus friendly, friend; see amicable]
usage: See collective noun.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.enemy - an opposing military forceenemy - an opposing military force; "the enemy attacked at dawn"
military force, military group, military unit, force - a unit that is part of some military service; "he sent Caesar a force of six thousand men"
foe, foeman, enemy, opposition - an armed adversary (especially a member of an opposing military force); "a soldier must be prepared to kill his enemies"
2.enemy - an armed adversary (especially a member of an opposing military force)enemy - an armed adversary (especially a member of an opposing military force); "a soldier must be prepared to kill his enemies"
enemy - an opposing military force; "the enemy attacked at dawn"
armed forces, armed services, military, military machine, war machine - the military forces of a nation; "their military is the largest in the region"; "the military machine is the same one we faced in 1991 but now it is weaker"
adversary, antagonist, opposer, resister, opponent - someone who offers opposition
besieger - an enemy who lays siege to your position
3.enemy - any hostile group of people; "he viewed lawyers as the real enemy"
people - (plural) any group of human beings (men or women or children) collectively; "old people"; "there were at least 200 people in the audience"
4.enemy - a personal enemy; "they had been political foes for years"
mortal enemy - an enemy who wants to kill you
challenger, competitor, contender, rival, competition - the contestant you hope to defeat; "he had respect for his rivals"; "he wanted to know what the competition was doing"

enemy

noun foe, rival, opponent, the opposition, competitor, the other side, adversary, antagonist His enemies were quick to take advantage of his weakness.
friend, ally, supporter, confederate, main man (slang, chiefly U.S.), cobber (Austral. or old-fashioned N.Z. informal)
Related words
adjective inimical
Quotations
"Pay attention to your enemies, for they are the first to discover your mistakes" [Antisthenes]
"You can discover what your enemy fears most by observing the means he uses to frighten you" [Eric Hoffer The Passionate State of Mind]
"A man cannot be too careful in the choice of his enemies" [Oscar Wilde Lady Windermere's Fan]
"A very great man once said you should love your enemies, and that's not a bad piece of advice. We can love them, but, by God, that doesn't mean we're not going to fight them" [Norman Schwarzkopf]
"The enemy advances, we retreat."
"The enemy camps, we harass."
"The enemy tires, we attack."
"The enemy retreats, we pursue" [Mao Zedong slogan for his troops]
"We have met the enemy and he is us" [Walt Kelly Pogo]
"Yet is every man his own greatest enemy, and as it were his own executioner" [Thomas Browne Religio Medici]
"If we could read the secret history of our enemies, we should find in each man's life sorrow and suffering enough to disarm all hostility" [Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Driftwood]

enemy

noun
One who is hostile to or opposes the purposes or interests of another:
Translations
عدوعَدُوعَدُوّقُوات مُعادِيَه
врагнеприятелпротивник
nepřítel
fjendefjendtlig
malamiko
vihollinen
neprijateljneprijateljica
ellenség
óvinur
원수
hostis
priešas
ienaidnieka-ienaidnieks
nepriateľ
sovražnik
fiende
ศัตรู
kẻ thù

enemy

[ˈenɪmɪ]
A. N (= person) → enemigo/a m/f (Mil) → enemigo m
the enemy withinel enemigo en casa
to go over to the enemypasarse al enemigo
to make an enemy of sbenemistarse con algn
he is his own worst enemysu peor enemigo es él mismo
B. CPD [territory, forces, aircraft] → enemigo
enemy alien Nextranjero/a m/f enemigo/a

enemy

[ˈɛnəmi]
n
(= opponent) → ennemi(e) m/f
an enemy of sb/sth → un ennemi de qn/qch
the enemy of sth → l'ennemi de qch
Capitalism is the enemy of progress → Le capitalisme est l'ennemi du progrès.
to make an enemy of sb → se faire un(e) ennemi(e) de qn, se mettre qn à dos
to be one's own worst enemy → être son pire ennemi public enemy
(MILITARY)ennemi(e) m/f
The enemy are all around us → L'ennemi nous encercle., Les ennemis nous encerclent.
modif (MILITARY) [aircraft, tank, ship] → ennemi(e); [soldier, combatant, forces, troops] → ennemi(e)
enemy lines → lignes fpl ennemies
enemy fire → le feu de l'ennemi
to come under enemy fire → être pris(e) sous le feu de l'ennemi
enemy action → attaque f ennemie
enemy alien → ressortissant(e) d'un pays ennemi
the enemy camp (fig)le camp ennemi
to go over to the enemy camp → passer à l'ennemienemy-occupied [ˌɛnəmiˈɒkjupaɪd] adj [territory, city] → occupé(e) par l'ennemi

enemy

n (lit, fig)Feind(in) m(f); to make enemiessich (dat)Feinde machen or schaffen; to make an enemy of somebodysich (dat)jdn zum Feind(e) machen; he is his own worst enemyer schadet sich (dat)selbst am meisten
adj attrfeindlich; position, advance, moraledes Feindes; destroyed by enemy actionvom Feind or durch Feindeinwirkung (form)zerstört

enemy

[ˈɛnəmɪ]
1. n (person) → nemico/a (Mil) → nemico
to make an enemy of sb → inimicarsi qn
he is his own worst enemy → è il peggior nemico di se stesso
2. adj (territory, forces, aircraft) → nemico/a; (morale, strategy) → del nemico

enemy

(ˈenəmi) plural ˈenemies noun
1. a person who hates or wishes to harm one. She is so good and kind that she has no enemies.
2. (also noun plural) troops, forces, a nation etc opposed to oneself in war etc. He's one of the enemy; The enemy was/were encamped on the hillside; (also adjective) enemy forces.

enemy

عَدُوّ nepřítel fjende Feind εχθρός enemigo vihollinen ennemi neprijatelj nemico 원수 vijand fiende nieprzyjaciel inimigo враг fiende ศัตรู düşman kẻ thù 敌人
References in classic literature ?
Poor Jo tried desperately to be good, but her bosom enemy was always ready to flame up and defeat her, and it took years of patient effort to subdue it.
But there is no time to weep, with the enemy at the door.
When you were your own worst enemy, your friends came to help you.
Though we defended ourselves, and repulsed the enemy, yet this unhappy affair scattered our cattle, brought us into extreme difficulty, and so discouraged the whole company, that we retreated forty miles, to the settlement on Clench river.
God," said the dying man, pointing his finger, with a ghastly look, at the undismayed countenance of his enemy, --"God will give him blood to drink
The enemy was so frightened when they saw me, that they leaped out of their ships, and swam to shore, where there could not be fewer than thirty thousand souls.
At first nothing was able to stand before the valour of the Portuguese, the Moors were driven from one mountain to another, and were dislodged even from those places, which it seemed almost impossible to approach, even unmolested by the opposition of an enemy.
Very likely," answered Sancho, "though I do not know it; all I know is that since we have been knights-errant, or since your worship has been one (for I have no right to reckon myself one of so honourable a number) we have never won any battle except the one with the Biscayan, and even out of that your worship car-ne with half an ear and half a helmet the less; and from that till now it has been all cudgellings and more cudgellings, cuffs and more cuffs, I getting the blanketing over and above, and falling in with enchanted persons on whom I cannot avenge myself so as to know what the delight, as your worship calls it, of conquering an enemy is like.
Moreover, its port was the last in the kingdom of France open to the English, and by closing it against England, our eternal enemy, the cardinal completed the work of Joan of Arc and the Duc de Guise.
And to make this quite clear I say that I consider those who are able to support themselves by their own resources who can, either by abundance of men or money, raise a sufficient army to join battle against any one who comes to attack them; and I consider those always to have need of others who cannot show themselves against the enemy in the field, but are forced to defend themselves by sheltering behind walls.
Bring war material with you from home, but forage on the enemy.
WHEN the woods again began to pour forth the dark-hued masses of the enemy the youth felt serene self-confidence.