enervative


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Related to enervative: innovative

en·er·vate

 (ĕn′ər-vāt′)
tr.v. en·er·vat·ed, en·er·vat·ing, en·er·vates
1. To weaken or destroy the strength or vitality of: "the luxury which enervates and destroys nations" (Henry David Thoreau).
2. Medicine To remove a nerve or part of a nerve.
adj. (ĭ-nûr′vĭt)
Deprived of strength; debilitated.

[Latin ēnervāre, ēnervāt- : ē-, ex-, ex- + nervus, sinew; see (s)neəu- in Indo-European roots.]

en′er·va′tion n.
en′er·va′tive adj.
en′er·va′tor n.
Usage Note: Sometimes people mistakenly use enervate to mean "to invigorate" or "to excite" by assuming that this word is a close cousin of the verb energize. In fact enervate does not come from the same source as energize (Greek energos, "active"). It comes from Latin nervus, "sinew." Thus enervate means "to cause to become 'out of muscle' ," that is, "to weaken or deplete of strength."
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Yet, such grandiose terminology used to describe the role of the teacher in the 19th century and leading into the 20th makes the teacher who simply evokes the "matchless privilege" of leading youth into active democratic citizenship sound positively enervative.
The 27 pages contained in the 1995 and 1997 Pelaez papers are heavy on statistics but enervative in economic analysis.