entablature


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entablature
Ionic order entablature
A. cornice
B. frieze
C. architrave
D. entablature

en·tab·la·ture

 (ĕn-tăb′lə-cho͝or′)
n.
The horizontal upper section of a classical building, resting on columns and consisting of an architrave, frieze, and cornice.

[Obsolete French, from Italian intavolatura, from intavolare, to put on a table : in-, in, on (from Latin; see en-1) + tavola, table (from Latin tabula, board).]

entablature

(ɛnˈtæblətʃə)
n
1. (Architecture) the part of a classical temple above the columns, having an architrave, a frieze, and a cornice
2. (Architecture) any construction of similar form
[C17: from French, from Italian intavolatura something put on a table, hence, something laid flat, from tavola table, from Latin tabula table]

en•tab•la•ture

art at enterocolitis
(ɛnˈtæb lə tʃər, -ˌtʃʊər)

n.
(in classical architecture) the part of a temple or other building between the columns and the eaves, usu. composed of an architrave, a frieze, and a cornice.
[1605–15; < Middle French < Italian intavolatura; see in-2, table, -ate1, -ure]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.entablature - (architecture) the structure consisting of the part of a classical temple above the columns between a capital and the roofentablature - (architecture) the structure consisting of the part of a classical temple above the columns between a capital and the roof
architrave - the lowest part of an entablature; rests immediately on the capitals of the columns
attic - (architecture) a low wall at the top of the entablature; hides the roof
cornice - the topmost projecting part of an entablature
frieze - an architectural ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band between the architrave and the cornice
structure, construction - a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts; "the structure consisted of a series of arches"; "she wore her hair in an amazing construction of whirls and ribbons"
temple - an edifice devoted to special or exalted purposes
architecture - the discipline dealing with the principles of design and construction and ornamentation of fine buildings; "architecture and eloquence are mixed arts whose end is sometimes beauty and sometimes use"
Translations

entablature

nGebälk nt
References in classic literature ?
Friquet, whose eye, ever on the alert, could alone have discovered them, had gone to devour his apricots upon the entablature of a house in the square of Notre Dame.
There are no cornices; but the folds of the whole fabric (which are sharp rather than massive, and have an airy appearance), issue from beneath a broad entablature of rich giltwork, which encircles the room at the junction of the ceiling and walls.
Among the rest there was a group of those merry imps, who, after smashing the glass in a window, had seated themselves hardily on the entablature, and from that point despatched their gaze and their railleries both within and without, upon the throng in the hall, and the throng upon the Place.
The crowd grew more dense every moment, and, like water, which rises above its normal level, began to mount along the walls, to swell around the pillars, to spread out on the entablatures, on the cornices, on the window-sills, on all the salient points of the architecture, on all the reliefs of the sculpture.
He had availed himself, in this heavy undertaking, of the experience of a certain wandering eastern mechanic, who, by exhibiting a few soiled plates of English architecture, and talking learnedly of friezes, entablatures, and particularly of the composite order, had obtained a very undue influence over Richard’s taste in everything that pertained to that branch of the fine arts.
They make bunches of flowers, from flakes and wires of silver, that counterfeit the delicate creations the frost weaves upon a windowpane; and we were shown a miniature silver temple whose fluted columns, whose Corinthian capitals and rich entablatures, whose spire, statues, bells, and ornate lavishness of sculpture were wrought in polished silver, and with such matchless art that every detail was a fascinating study and the finished edifice a wonder of beauty.
At the latter's Palazzo del Te in Mantua, the proportions are deliberately odd, the patterns of rustication undisciplined, and pediments collide with the entablature above, from which the triglyph stones drop down as if the whole structure were about to collapse.
In 1907, esteemed historian Dunbar Rowland referenced this Athenian-like edifice with these words: "The proportions of the columns and entablature of the portico are taken from the Grecian Iconic Temple on the Ilyssus near Athens.
Reduce the trees/to seeds, seeds to light apart from water and dirt:/no orchard then, no canvas, no stitches, no straps,/no pickers' sacks, no long-boned men aloft, no knees/nor crooks for knees, no telltale leaves, no breeze,/no harvest but memory of harvest, no sleet, no pedestal,/no entablature above which between and nothing rest.
Within the foyer of the US State Department's diplomatic entrance there once stood a marble tablet enclosed by a lighted entablature.
mosaic entablature behind sliding Shoji screens to a more casual area.