# entropy

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Related to entropy: enthalpy

## en·tro·py

(ĕn′trə-pē)
n. pl. en·tro·pies
1. Symbol S For a closed thermodynamic system, a quantitative measure of the amount of thermal energy not available to do work.
2. A measure of the disorder or randomness in a closed system.
3. A measure of the loss of information in a transmitted message.
4. The tendency for all matter and energy in the universe to evolve toward a state of inert uniformity.
5. Inevitable and steady deterioration of a system or society.

[German Entropie : Greek en-, in; see en-2 + Greek tropē, transformation; see trep- in Indo-European roots.]

## entropy

(ˈɛntrəpɪ)
n, pl -pies
1. (General Physics) a thermodynamic quantity that changes in a reversible process by an amount equal to the heat absorbed or emitted divided by the thermodynamic temperature. It is measured in joules per kelvin. Symbol: S See also law of thermodynamics
2. (General Physics) a statistical measure of the disorder of a closed system expressed by S = klog P + c where P is the probability that a particular state of the system exists, k is the Boltzmann constant, and c is another constant
3. lack of pattern or organization; disorder
4. (Communications & Information) a measure of the efficiency of a system, such as a code or language, in transmitting information
[C19: from en-2 + -trope]

## en•tro•py

(ˈɛn trə pi)

n.
1. a function of thermodynamic variables, as temperature or pressure, that is a measure of the energy that is not available for work in a thermodynamic process. Symbol: S
2. (in data transmission and information theory) a measure of the loss of information in a transmitted signal.
3. (in cosmology) a hypothetical tendency for the universe to attain a state of maximum homogeneity in which all matter is at a uniform temperature.
4. a state of disorder, as in a social system, or a hypothetical tendency toward such a state.
[< German Entropie (1865); see en-2, -tropy]
en•tro•pic (ɛnˈtroʊ pɪk, -ˈtrɒp ɪk) adj.

## en·tro·py

(ĕn′trə-pē)
A measure of the amount of disorder in a system. Entropy increases as the system's temperature increases. For example, when an ice cube melts and becomes liquid, the energy of the molecular bonds which formed the ice crystals is lost, and the arrangement of the water molecules is more random, or disordered, than it was in the ice cube.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
 Noun 1 entropy - (communication theory) a numerical measure of the uncertainty of an outcome; "the signal contained thousands of bits of information"communication theory, communications - the discipline that studies the principles of transmiting information and the methods by which it is delivered (as print or radio or television etc.); "communications is his major field of study"information measure - a system of measurement of information based on the probabilities of the events that convey information 2 entropy - (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work; "entropy increases as matter and energy in the universe degrade to an ultimate state of inert uniformity"physical property - any property used to characterize matter and energy and their interactionsconformational entropy - entropy calculated from the probability that a state could be reached by chance alonethermodynamics - the branch of physics concerned with the conversion of different forms of energy
Translations
entropie
entropia

[ˈentrəpɪ] N

[ˈɛntrəpi] n

nEntropie f

## entropy

[ˈɛntrəpɪ] nentropia

## en·tro·py

n. entropía, disminución de la capacidad de convertir la energía en trabajo.
References in periodicals archive ?
Numerical study of three-dimensional combined buoyancy and thermocapillary convection and evaluation of entropy generation.
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Entropy, Evaluation of business costs, Factor analysis, Shanghai SMEs.
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Part of theories on human consciousness, the concept of entropy has become a greater research focus with recent improvements in the ability of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to track chemical activity patterns in the brain.
The same is true with the Internet of Things where devices can also suffer from entropy starvation since they tend to be low power and low-cost devices, designed for a specific task and with very limited access to randomness.

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