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 (ĕn-vī′rən, -vī′ərn)
tr.v. en·vi·roned, en·vi·ron·ing, en·vi·rons
To encircle; surround: The vast desert environed the oases.

[Middle English envirounen, from Old French environner, from environ, round about : en-, in; see en-1 + viron, circle (from virer, to turn; see veer1).]


(tr) to encircle or surround
[C14: from Old French environner to surround, from environ around, from en-1 + viron a circle, from virer to turn, veer1]


(ɛnˈvaɪ rən, -ˈvaɪ ərn)

to form a circle or ring round; surround; envelop: a house environed by pleasant grounds.
[1300–50; Middle English envirounen < Old French environner, derivative of environ around (en en-1 + viron a circle; vir(er) to turn, veer + -on n. suffix)]


1. environment.
2. environmental.
3. environmentalism.


Past participle: environed
Gerund: environing

I environ
you environ
he/she/it environs
we environ
you environ
they environ
I environed
you environed
he/she/it environed
we environed
you environed
they environed
Present Continuous
I am environing
you are environing
he/she/it is environing
we are environing
you are environing
they are environing
Present Perfect
I have environed
you have environed
he/she/it has environed
we have environed
you have environed
they have environed
Past Continuous
I was environing
you were environing
he/she/it was environing
we were environing
you were environing
they were environing
Past Perfect
I had environed
you had environed
he/she/it had environed
we had environed
you had environed
they had environed
I will environ
you will environ
he/she/it will environ
we will environ
you will environ
they will environ
Future Perfect
I will have environed
you will have environed
he/she/it will have environed
we will have environed
you will have environed
they will have environed
Future Continuous
I will be environing
you will be environing
he/she/it will be environing
we will be environing
you will be environing
they will be environing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been environing
you have been environing
he/she/it has been environing
we have been environing
you have been environing
they have been environing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been environing
you will have been environing
he/she/it will have been environing
we will have been environing
you will have been environing
they will have been environing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been environing
you had been environing
he/she/it had been environing
we had been environing
you had been environing
they had been environing
I would environ
you would environ
he/she/it would environ
we would environ
you would environ
they would environ
Past Conditional
I would have environed
you would have environed
he/she/it would have environed
we would have environed
you would have environed
they would have environed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.environ - extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle; "The forest surrounds my property"
adjoin, contact, touch, meet - be in direct physical contact with; make contact; "The two buildings touch"; "Their hands touched"; "The wire must not contact the metal cover"; "The surfaces contact at this point"
fringe - decorate with or as if with a surrounding fringe; "fur fringed the hem of the dress"
gird, girdle - put a girdle on or around; "gird your loins"
cloister - surround with a cloister; "cloister the garden"
inclose, shut in, close in, enclose - surround completely; "Darkness enclosed him"; "They closed in the porch with a fence"
hem in - surround in a restrictive manner; "The building was hemmed in by flowers"
cloister - surround with a cloister, as of a garden


References in classic literature ?
Thou seest, Sir Friar, yon herd of Saxon swine, who have dared to environ this castle of Torquilstone Tell them whatever thou hast a mind of the weakness of this fortalice, or aught else that can detain them before it for twenty-four hours.
It is a question too serious to national pride, if not to national interests, to be slurred over; and every year is adding to the difficulties which environ it.
Heavy, broad-backed, old-fashioned, mahogany- and-horsehair chairs, not easily lifted; obsolete tables with spindle-legs and dusty baize covers; presentation prints of the holders of great titles in the last generation or the last but one, environ him.
Go where he may, precious sympathies environ him; and domestic affection places his knife and fork at innumerable family tables.
A man is like a tree: in a forest of his fellows he will grow as straight as his generic and individual nature permits; alone in the open, he yields to the deforming stresses and tortions that environ him.
They are everywhere, above us, on our left, on our right; they environ us on all sides.
When last seen, the environs of the works were filled with violence and uproar.
This excited her curiosity to the point of urging her horse forward until the trail broadened into the level forest again, which she now remembered was a part of the environs of Indian Spring.
The want of proper families in the place, and the conviction that none beyond the place and its immediate environs could be tempted to attend, were mentioned; but he was not satisfied.
We parted finally at the door of the Brocklehurst Arms there: each went her separate way; she set off for the brow of Lowood Fell to meet the conveyance which was to take her back to Gateshead, I mounted the vehicle which was to bear me to new duties and a new life in the unknown environs of Millcote.
In addition to this motive of union, after the arms of the republic had considerably expanded the bounds of its empire, it became an established custom with the Consuls to divide the administration between themselves by lot -- one of them remaining at Rome to govern the city and its environs, the other taking the command in the more distant provinces.
For some time he had camped near the village, spending the days in a systematic search of the environs for traces of Meriem's Korak; but in this quest, too, had he failed.