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also e·pha  (ē′fə, ĕf′ä)
An ancient Hebrew unit of dry measure, equal to a tenth of a homer or about one bushel (35 liters).

[Hebrew 'êpâ, probably from Egyptian 'pt.]


(ˈiːfə) or


(Units) a Hebrew unit of dry measure equal to approximately one bushel or about 33 litres
[C16: from Hebrew `ephāh, of Egyptian origin]


or e•pha

(ˈi fə, ˈɛf ɑ)

n., pl. e•phahs or e•phas.
an ancient Hebrew unit of dry measure, equal to about a bushel (35 liters).
[1350–1400; Middle English < Hebrew ēphāh]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ephah - an ancient Hebrew unit of dry measure equal to about a bushel
dry measure, dry unit - a unit of capacity for dry commodities (as fruit or grain)
kor, homer - an ancient Hebrew unit of capacity equal to 10 baths or 10 ephahs
References in periodicals archive ?
Regarding the meal offerings, Ezekiel notes several times that an ephah of flour is offered together with each bull and ram, and as much as one wishes or can afford with each lamb.
They're concerned only with knowing the exact time the "holy days" are over so they can "diminish the ephah, add to the shekel and fix [their] scales for cheating.
Just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin, shall you have; I am the Lord your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt (Leviticus 19).
No one will "make the ephah small" or "falsify the balances" until there is buying and selling, "withhold the pledge" until there is loaning, "keep back the hire of the laborers" until there is a wage system, "justify the wicked for a reward" until men submit their disputes to a judge.
McConville observes that "the traders [here] want to make the ephah [bushel] small when selling grain, and the shekel large, being a measure of the weight of the silver in which they will be paid" (2002, 372).
The prophet Amos also remonstrated the Jews for unethical business practices, including "making the ephah (a dry measure) smaller and the shekel larger and falsifying the scales of deceit.