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 (ĕf′ôr′, -ər)
n. pl. eph·ors or eph·o·ri (-ə-rī′)
One of five elected magistrates exercising a supervisory power over the kings of Sparta.

[Latin ephorus, from Greek ephoros, from ephorān, to oversee : ep-, epi-, epi- + horān, to see; see wer- in Indo-European roots.]

eph′or·ate′ (-ə-rāt′, -ə-rĭt) n.


n, pl -ors or -ori (-əˌraɪ)
(Historical Terms) (in ancient Greece) one of a board of senior magistrates in any of several Dorian states, esp the five Spartan ephors, who were elected by vote of all full citizens and who wielded effective power
[C16: from Greek ephoros, from ephoran to supervise, from epi- + horan to look]
ˈephoral adj
ˈephorate n


(ˈɛf ɔr, ˈɛf ər)

n., pl. -ors, -or•i (-əˌraɪ)
one of a body of magistrates in ancient Dorian states, esp. at Sparta, where a body of five was elected annually by the people.
[1580–90; < Latin ephorus < Greek éphoros overseer, guardian, ruler (compare ephorân to look over =ep- ep- + horân to see, look)]
eph′or•al, adj.
eph′or•ate (-əˌreɪt, -ər ɪt) n.
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References in periodicals archive ?
13) Plutarch treats the ephorate as a later addition, albeit one deeply continuous with Lycurgus' constitutional reforms: 'the first ephors were appointed in the reign of Theopompus' about 'one hundred and thirty years after Lycurgus' (7.
1 Which ancient Greek city-state had five annually-elected ephors, whose powers included the right to arrest their kings for misconduct in war?
I call such practices "Taigetian" because of the Taigetos mountain chain near Sparta, where newborn babies not found strong enough by the Ephors of the State were left to die.