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 (ĭ-pĭz′ē-ŏt′ə-mē, ĭ-pē′zē-)
n. pl. e·pis·i·ot·o·mies
Surgical incision of the perineum during childbirth to facilitate delivery.

[Greek epīsion, pubic region + -tomy.]


n, pl -mies
(Surgery) surgical incision into the perineum during the late stages of labour to prevent its laceration during childbirth and to make delivery easier
[C20: from episio-, from Greek epision pubic region + -tomy]


(əˌpi ziˈɒt ə mi, ˌɛp ə saɪ-)

n., pl. -mies.
a surgical incision into the perineum and vagina to allow sufficient clearance for childbirth.
[1875–80; < Greek episio(n) pubic region + -tomy]


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A surgical cut made in the perineum to enlarge the vaginal opening during childbirth.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.episiotomy - surgical incision of the perineum to enlarge the vagina and so facilitate delivery during childbirth
perineotomy - surgical incision into the perineum


nDammschnitt m, → Episiotomie f


n. episiotomía, incisión del perineo durante el parto para evitar desgarros.


n (pl -mies) episiotomía
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References in periodicals archive ?
Mediolateral episiotomy has several advantages over median episiotomy if the surgeon decides to proceed, Dr.
2% rate of episiotomy ("the cut below") in women who give birth vaginally, affecting the 70% of poor women using the public sector most, receives less attention.
When I asked to not have an episiotomy, he skirted the issue entirely by asking me what kind of episiotomy I meant.
Episiotomy kit with tray Delivery kit with tray Crash Cart Transport incubator(basic) with battery and oxygen without ventilator
Changes in obstetric practice, such as the increase in cesarean section and the decrease in operative delivery and episiotomy, may have contributed to the dramatic reduction in sphincter laceration," Dr.
If you had an episiotomy or a laceration, there may be discomfort for weeks or even months after the stitches have healed.
Although the EFM group had increased use of continued EFM and of fetal blood sampling, there was no difference between groups in the rates of caesarean delivery, instrumental delivery, or episiotomy.
Evidence shows that routine episiotomy is not justified because it increases the risk of perineal suturing and complications by seven days postpartum, produces unnecessary pain and discomfort, and has potentially harmful longer-term effects.
An episiotomy can reduce the risk of traumatic tearing during delivery, but most women wish to avoid any types of cuts or stitches with vaginal delivery because of concerns about long-term pain, complications, and decreased sexual satisfaction.
An episiotomy can cause so much discomfort for up to six months after the birth that the woman may want to shrink from any embrace that may lead to sexual activity.
An innovative "hands-poised" method of childbirth during vaginal delivery reduces the risk of perineal trauma and the need for episiotomy compared with the traditional "hands-on" approach, Austrian investigators report.
Huge variations also have been reported in rates of induction, episiotomy, breastfeeding, and use of antenatal steroids.