epithelial cell


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ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.epithelial cell - one of the closely packed cells forming the epitheliumepithelial cell - one of the closely packed cells forming the epithelium
epithelial tissue, epithelium - membranous tissue covering internal organs and other internal surfaces of the body
columnar cell, columnar epithelial cell - an epithelial cell that is shaped like a column; some have cilia
cuboidal cell, cuboidal epithelial cell - an epithelial cell that shaped like a cube
goblet cell - an epithelial cell that secretes mucous
hair cell - a sensory epithelial cell present in the organ of Corti
squamous cell - an epithelial cell that is flat like a plate and form a single layer of epithelial tissue
gustatory cell, taste cell - an epithelial cell in a taste bud that activates sensory fibers of the facial nerve or the glossopharyngeal nerve or the vagus nerve
somatic cell, vegetative cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
References in periodicals archive ?
Integrins are protein receptors that bind to extracellular matrix proteins, and a2b1 and a5b1 are two integrins that mediate mammary epithelial cell adhesion and migration on collagen and fibronectin, respectively.
The team then used the same approach in four types of cancer--cervical, breast, prostate, and squamous cell--all epithelial cell cancers.
The researchers compared osteopontin levels in a benchmark healthy ovarian epithelial cell culture with those of 4 other healthy ovarian epithelial cell cultures, 10 serous-type ovarian epithelial cancer cell lines, 2 mucinous-type ovarian cancer cell lines, and 2 clear cell-type ovarian cancer cell lines.
14,38] Retinoic acids are known to inhibit EBV replication in vitro and induce epithelial cell differentiation.
Colorectal epithelial cell proliferation is thought to be a biomarker of colon cancer risk.
In vivo and in vitro experiments showed that interfering with Eya1 phosphatase function resulted in defective epithelial cell polarity and mitotic spindle orientation; disrupted Numb, a cell fate determinant; and inactivated Notch signaling, which is involved in cell segregation and division, thereby establishing Eya1 as an important regulator in the development of embryonic lung stem cells.
sup][5] The phenomenon of epithelial cell transdifferentiation has become the focus of researchers as it is closely related to the pathogenesis of many human diseases such as cardiac fibrosis and tumors.
In addition, alternative strategies using immortalized or tumor AECII cell lines also fail to fully differentiate into alveolar epithelial cell phenotypes that are seen in vivo (5).
For example, TFF3 participates in epithelial cell repair, induces intestinal epithelial cell migration via a transforming growth factor [beta] (TGF[beta])-independent pathway (Dignass et al.
Insufficient biocompatibility of intraocular lens materials may result in different clinical entities such as anterior capsule opacification, posterior capsule opacification, and lens epithelial cell ongrowth.
The researchers knew they faced a major challenge: sorting and separating "sticky" epithelial cell progenitors without destroying them.

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