epithelium

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ep·i·the·li·um

 (ĕp′ə-thē′lē-əm)
n. pl. ep·i·the·li·a (-lē-ə) or ep·i·the·li·ums
Membranous tissue composed of one or more layers of cells separated by very little intercellular substance and forming the covering of most internal and external surfaces of the body and its organs.

[New Latin epithēlium : epi- + Greek thēlē, nipple; see dhē(i)- in Indo-European roots.]

ep′i·the′li·al adj.

epithelium

(ˌɛpɪˈθiːlɪəm)
n, pl -liums or -lia (-lɪə)
(Anatomy) an animal tissue consisting of one or more layers of closely packed cells covering the external and internal surfaces of the body. The cells vary in structure according to their function, which may be protective, secretory, or absorptive
[C18: New Latin, from epi- + Greek thēlē nipple]
ˌepiˈthelial adj

ep•i•the•li•um

(ˌɛp əˈθi li əm)

n., pl. -li•ums, -li•a (-li ə)
any tissue layer covering body surfaces or lining the internal surfaces of body cavities, tubes, and hollow organs.
[1740–50; < New Latin < Greek epi- epi- + thēl(ḗ) teat + New Latin -ium -ium2]

ep·i·the·li·um

(ĕp′ə-thē′lē-əm)
The thin, protective layer of cells that covers most of the outer surface of an animal body and lines the inner surface of many body parts. In vertebrate animals, the outer layer of the skin, called the epidermis, is composed of epithelium.

epithelium

1. A type of animal tissue that covers inner and outer surfaces.
2. The layer of cells covering the body’s surface and lining the alimentary canal and respiratory and urinary tracts.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.epithelium - membranous tissue covering internal organs and other internal surfaces of the bodyepithelium - membranous tissue covering internal organs and other internal surfaces of the body
endothelium - an epithelium of mesoblastic origin; a thin layer of flattened cells that lines the inside of some body cavities
mesothelium - epithelium originating in the embryonic mesoderm; lines the primordial body cavity
neuroepithelium - epithelium associated with special sense organs and containing sensory nerve endings
epithelial cell - one of the closely packed cells forming the epithelium
animal tissue - the tissue in the bodies of animals
decidua - the epithelial tissue of the endometrium
Translations
epitelvýstelka

epithelium

[ˌɛpɪˈθiːlɪəm] nepitelio

ep·i·the·li·um

n. L. epitelio, tejido que cubre las superficies expuestas e interiores del cuerpo;
ciliated ______ ciliado;
columnar ______ columnar;
cuboidal ______ cuboidal;
squamous ______ escamoso;
stratified ______ estratificado;
transitional ______ de transición, transicional.
References in periodicals archive ?
sup][9] Like other respiratory epitheliums, adenoidal epithelium may serve as the central part of the upper airway innate immunity related to mucociliary clearance, [sup][10] secretion of endogenous antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), [sup][11] interacting with the adaptive immune response, and expressing pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) to identify pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs).
It is thought that innate immunity gene expression is disrupted in the epithelium of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), including antimicrobial peptides and pattern recognition receptors (PRRs).
AMPs are secreted by epithelial cells of sinonasal epithelium and play a major role in immediate, nonspecific defense against potential pathogens entering the body through the nasal mucosa.
A stronger staining intensity was detected in the luminal and glandular epitheliums in all phases of the menstrual cycle, while the greatest intensity was seen during late-secretory phase in the three components of the endometrium.
While the expression of VEGF in the luminal epithelium showed a trend of down regulation from the proliferative phase to late-secretory phase, stronger intensity of Flk-1 was detected in the luminal and glandular epitheliums in all phases of the menstrual cycle with greatest intensity during late-secretory phase.
reported that VEGF, Flk-1 and Flt-1 were differentially expressed in the endometrial epithelium and stroma during the proliferative and secretory phases (3).