escheat(redirected from escheating)
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1. Reversion of land held under feudal tenure to the manor in the absence of legal heirs or claimants.
a. Reversion of property to the state in the absence of legal heirs or claimants.
b. Property that has reverted to the state when no legal heirs or claimants exist.
intr. & tr.v. es·cheat·ed, es·cheat·ing, es·cheats Law
To revert or cause to revert by escheat.
[Middle English eschete, from Old French (from escheoir, to fall out) and from Anglo-Latin escheta, both from Vulgar Latin *excadēre, to fall out : Latin ex-, ex- + Latin cadere, to fall; see kad- in Indo-European roots.]
1. (Law) (in England before 1926) the reversion of property to the Crown in the absence of legal heirs
2. (Law) (in feudal times) the reversion of property to the feudal lord in the absence of legal heirs or upon outlawry of the tenant
3. (Law) the property so reverting
(Law) to take (land) by escheat or (of land) to revert by escheat
[C14: from Old French eschete, from escheoir to fall to the lot of, from Late Latin excadere (unattested), from Latin cadere to fall]
1. the reverting of property to the state or, as in England, to the crown when there are no legal heirs.
2. the right to take property subject to escheat.v.i.
3. (of property) to revert by escheat.v.t.
4. to take or confiscate by escheat.
[1250–1300; Middle English eschete < Old French eschete, escheoite, feminine past participle of escheoir < Vulgar Latin *excadēre to fall to a person's share = Latin ex- ex-1 + cadere to fall (Vulgar Latin *cadēre)]
Escheatof lawyers—Lipton, 1970.
Past participle: escheated
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||escheat - a reversion to the state (as the ultimate owner of property) in the absence of legal heirs|
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
reversion - (law) an interest in an estate that reverts to the grantor (or his heirs) at the end of some period (e.g., the death of the grantee)
|2.||escheat - the property that reverts to the state|