essay


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es·say

 (ĕs′ā′, ĕ-sā′)
n.
1. (ĕs′ā′)
a. A short literary composition on a single subject, usually presenting the personal view of the author.
b. Something resembling such a composition: a photojournalistic essay.
2. A testing or trial of the value or nature of a thing: an essay of the students' capabilities.
3. An initial attempt or endeavor, especially a tentative attempt.
tr.v. (ĕ-sā′, ĕs′ā′) es·sayed, es·say·ing, es·says
1. To make an attempt at; try.
2. To subject to a test.

[French essai, trial, attempt, from Old French, from essayer, to attempt, from Vulgar Latin *exagiāre, to weigh out, from Late Latin exagium, a weighing : Latin ex-, ex- + Latin agere, to drive; see ag- in Indo-European roots. V., from Middle English assaien, from Old French assaer, assaier, variant of essayer.]

es·say′er n.

essay

n
1. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) a short literary composition dealing with a subject analytically or speculatively
2. an attempt or endeavour; effort
3. a test or trial
vb (tr)
4. to attempt or endeavour; try
5. to test or try out
[C15: from Old French essaier to attempt, from essai an attempt, from Late Latin exagium a weighing, from Latin agere to do, compel, influenced by exigere to investigate]

es•say

(n. ˈɛs eɪ or, for 3,5, ɛˈseɪ; v. ɛˈseɪ)

n.
1. a short literary composition on a particular theme or subject, usu. in prose and generally analytic, speculative, or interpretative.
2. anything resembling such a composition: a picture essay.
3. an effort to perform or accomplish something; attempt.
v.t.
4. to try; attempt.
5. to put to the test; make trial of.
[1475–85; < Middle French essayer, c. Anglo-French assayer to assay< Vulgar Latin *exagiāre, v. derivative of Late Latin exagium a weighing =*exag(ere), for Latin exigere to examine, test]
es•say′er, n.

essay


Past participle: essayed
Gerund: essaying

Imperative
essay
essay
Present
I essay
you essay
he/she/it essays
we essay
you essay
they essay
Preterite
I essayed
you essayed
he/she/it essayed
we essayed
you essayed
they essayed
Present Continuous
I am essaying
you are essaying
he/she/it is essaying
we are essaying
you are essaying
they are essaying
Present Perfect
I have essayed
you have essayed
he/she/it has essayed
we have essayed
you have essayed
they have essayed
Past Continuous
I was essaying
you were essaying
he/she/it was essaying
we were essaying
you were essaying
they were essaying
Past Perfect
I had essayed
you had essayed
he/she/it had essayed
we had essayed
you had essayed
they had essayed
Future
I will essay
you will essay
he/she/it will essay
we will essay
you will essay
they will essay
Future Perfect
I will have essayed
you will have essayed
he/she/it will have essayed
we will have essayed
you will have essayed
they will have essayed
Future Continuous
I will be essaying
you will be essaying
he/she/it will be essaying
we will be essaying
you will be essaying
they will be essaying
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been essaying
you have been essaying
he/she/it has been essaying
we have been essaying
you have been essaying
they have been essaying
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been essaying
you will have been essaying
he/she/it will have been essaying
we will have been essaying
you will have been essaying
they will have been essaying
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been essaying
you had been essaying
he/she/it had been essaying
we had been essaying
you had been essaying
they had been essaying
Conditional
I would essay
you would essay
he/she/it would essay
we would essay
you would essay
they would essay
Past Conditional
I would have essayed
you would have essayed
he/she/it would have essayed
we would have essayed
you would have essayed
they would have essayed

essay

A prose composition on a particular subject.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.essay - an analytic or interpretive literary compositionessay - an analytic or interpretive literary composition
piece of writing, written material, writing - the work of a writer; anything expressed in letters of the alphabet (especially when considered from the point of view of style and effect); "the writing in her novels is excellent"; "that editorial was a fine piece of writing"
paper, theme, report, composition - an essay (especially one written as an assignment); "he got an A on his composition"
disquisition - an elaborate analytical or explanatory essay or discussion
memoir - an essay on a scientific or scholarly topic
thanatopsis - an essay expressing a view on the subject of death
2.essay - a tentative attempt
attempt, effort, try, endeavor, endeavour - earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something; "made an effort to cover all the reading material"; "wished him luck in his endeavor"; "she gave it a good try"
Verb1.essay - make an effort or attemptessay - make an effort or attempt; "He tried to shake off his fears"; "The infant had essayed a few wobbly steps"; "The police attempted to stop the thief"; "He sought to improve himself"; "She always seeks to do good in the world"
pick up the gauntlet, take a dare - be dared to do something and attempt it
act, move - perform an action, or work out or perform (an action); "think before you act"; "We must move quickly"; "The governor should act on the new energy bill"; "The nanny acted quickly by grabbing the toddler and covering him with a wet towel"
struggle, fight - make a strenuous or labored effort; "She struggled for years to survive without welfare"; "He fought for breath"
have a go, give it a try - make an attempt at something; "I never sat on a horse before but I'll give it a go"
grope - search blindly or uncertainly; "His mind groped to make the connection"
endeavor, endeavour, strive - attempt by employing effort; "we endeavor to make our customers happy"
give it a try, give it a whirl - try; "let's give it a whirl!"
adventure, gamble, run a risk, take a chance, take chances, risk, chance, hazard - take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome; "When you buy these stocks you are gambling"
lay on the line, put on the line, risk - expose to a chance of loss or damage; "We risked losing a lot of money in this venture"; "Why risk your life?"; "She laid her job on the line when she told the boss that he was wrong"
2.essay - put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use toessay - put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to; "This approach has been tried with good results"; "Test this recipe"
pass judgment, evaluate, judge - form a critical opinion of; "I cannot judge some works of modern art"; "How do you evaluate this grant proposal?" "We shouldn't pass judgment on other people"
verify, control - check or regulate (a scientific experiment) by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard; "Are you controlling for the temperature?"
float - circulate or discuss tentatively; test the waters with; "The Republicans are floating the idea of a tax reform"
field-test - test something under the conditions under which it will actually be used; "The Army field tested the new tanks"

essay

noun
1. composition, study, paper, article, piece, assignment, discourse, tract, treatise, dissertation, disquisition, SA (S.M.S.) He was asked to write an essay about his home town.
2. (Formal) attempt, go (informal), try, effort, shot (informal), trial, struggle, bid, test, experiment, crack (informal), venture, undertaking, stab (informal), endeavour, exertion His first essay in running a company was a disaster.
verb
1. (Formal) attempt, try, test, take on, undertake, strive for, endeavour, have a go at, try out, have a shot at (informal), have a crack at (informal), have a bash at (informal) He essayed a smile, but it was a dismal failure.

essay

noun
1. A relatively brief discourse written especially as an exercise:
2. A procedure that ascertains effectiveness, value, proper function, or other quality:
3. A trying to do or make something:
Informal: shot.
Slang: take.
Archaic: assay.
verb
1. To make an attempt to do or make:
2. To subject to a procedure that ascertains effectiveness, value, proper function, or other quality:
Idioms: bring to the test, make trial of, put to the proof.
Translations
بحثمَقالمَقال، مَقالَه
esej
essayforsøgeprøveskriftlig opgavestil
essee
esej
esszé
ritgerî
エッセイ
수필
esė
esejasacerējums
esejpísomná práca
esejposkus
essäuppsats
เรียงความ
bài luận

essay

A. [ˈeseɪ] N (Literat) → ensayo m (Scol, Univ) → trabajo m
B. [eˈseɪ] VT (frm) → probar, ensayar; [+ task] → intentar
to essay to + INFINintentar + infin

essay

[ˈɛseɪ] n
[student] → dissertation f; [school pupil] → rédaction f
a history essay → une dissertation d'histoire
(= work of literature) → essai m
(= attempt) → tentative f

essay

1 (form)
vt (= try)(aus)probieren
nVersuch m

essay

2
nEssay m or nt; (esp Sch) → Aufsatz m

essay

[ˈɛseɪ] n (Literature) → saggio (Scol) → tema m, composizione f

essay

(ˈesei) noun
a written composition; a piece of written prose. The examination consists of four essays; Write an essay on/about your holiday.

essay

مَقال esej essay Aufsatz δοκίμιο ensayo essee dissertation esej saggio エッセイ 수필 essay essay esej dissertação эссе uppsats เรียงความ deneme bài luận 短文
References in classic literature ?
Sherwood, Miss Edgeworth, and Hannah More, and then produced a tale which might have been more properly called an essay or a sermon, so intensely moral was it.
The scouts departed; strong guards preceded and followed the lumbering vehicles that bore the baggage; and before the gray light of the morning was mellowed by the rays of the sun, the main body of the combatants wheeled into column, and left the encampment with a show of high military bearing, that served to drown the slumbering apprehensions of many a novice, who was now about to make his first essay in arms.
What am I that I should essay to hook the nose of this leviathan
Merlin, in his malice, has woven a spell about this dungeon, and there bides not the man in these king- doms that would be desperate enough to essay to cross its lines with you
Nobody seemed possessed of exact information with which to satisfy the hungry mind, but there was believed to be at least one person in existence who had seen, with his own eyes, an essay by Miss Maxwell in a magazine.
Don't you think I had better take advantage of the confession, and begin and coax and entreat--even cry and be sulky if necessary--for the sake of a mere essay of my power?
I seized the handle to essay another trial; when a young man without coat, and shouldering a pitchfork, appeared in the yard behind.
It is not for me to essay again where the ingenious M.
But the same motive which prevents my writing the dialogue of the piece in Anglo-Saxon or in Norman-French, and which prohibits my sending forth to the public this essay printed with the types of Caxton or Wynken de Worde, prevents my attempting to confine myself within the limits of the period in which my story is laid.
The king will then command all those present to essay it, and none will bring it to an end and conclusion save the stranger knight, to the great enhancement of his fame, whereat the princess will be overjoyed and will esteem herself happy and fortunate in having fixed and placed her thoughts so high.
This done, I immediately sent for my Grandson; for, to confess the truth, I felt that all that I had seen and heard was in some strange way slipping away from me, like the image of a half-grasped, tantalizing dream, and I longed to essay my skill in making a first disciple.
He dared even to attend the Scholomance, and there was no branch of knowledge of his time that he did not essay.