essay


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es·say

 (ĕs′ā′, ĕ-sā′)
n.
1. (ĕs′ā′)
a. A short literary composition on a single subject, usually presenting the personal view of the author.
b. Something resembling such a composition: a photojournalistic essay.
2. A testing or trial of the value or nature of a thing: an essay of the students' capabilities.
3. An initial attempt or endeavor, especially a tentative attempt.
tr.v. (ĕ-sā′, ĕs′ā′) es·sayed, es·say·ing, es·says
1. To make an attempt at; try.
2. To subject to a test.

[French essai, trial, attempt, from Old French, from essayer, to attempt, from Vulgar Latin *exagiāre, to weigh out, from Late Latin exagium, a weighing : Latin ex-, ex- + Latin agere, to drive; see ag- in Indo-European roots. V., from Middle English assaien, from Old French assaer, assaier, variant of essayer.]

es·say′er n.

essay

n
1. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) a short literary composition dealing with a subject analytically or speculatively
2. an attempt or endeavour; effort
3. a test or trial
vb (tr)
4. to attempt or endeavour; try
5. to test or try out
[C15: from Old French essaier to attempt, from essai an attempt, from Late Latin exagium a weighing, from Latin agere to do, compel, influenced by exigere to investigate]

es•say

(n. ˈɛs eɪ or, for 3,5, ɛˈseɪ; v. ɛˈseɪ)

n.
1. a short literary composition on a particular theme or subject, usu. in prose and generally analytic, speculative, or interpretative.
2. anything resembling such a composition: a picture essay.
3. an effort to perform or accomplish something; attempt.
v.t.
4. to try; attempt.
5. to put to the test; make trial of.
[1475–85; < Middle French essayer, c. Anglo-French assayer to assay< Vulgar Latin *exagiāre, v. derivative of Late Latin exagium a weighing =*exag(ere), for Latin exigere to examine, test]
es•say′er, n.

essay


Past participle: essayed
Gerund: essaying

Imperative
essay
essay
Present
I essay
you essay
he/she/it essays
we essay
you essay
they essay
Preterite
I essayed
you essayed
he/she/it essayed
we essayed
you essayed
they essayed
Present Continuous
I am essaying
you are essaying
he/she/it is essaying
we are essaying
you are essaying
they are essaying
Present Perfect
I have essayed
you have essayed
he/she/it has essayed
we have essayed
you have essayed
they have essayed
Past Continuous
I was essaying
you were essaying
he/she/it was essaying
we were essaying
you were essaying
they were essaying
Past Perfect
I had essayed
you had essayed
he/she/it had essayed
we had essayed
you had essayed
they had essayed
Future
I will essay
you will essay
he/she/it will essay
we will essay
you will essay
they will essay
Future Perfect
I will have essayed
you will have essayed
he/she/it will have essayed
we will have essayed
you will have essayed
they will have essayed
Future Continuous
I will be essaying
you will be essaying
he/she/it will be essaying
we will be essaying
you will be essaying
they will be essaying
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been essaying
you have been essaying
he/she/it has been essaying
we have been essaying
you have been essaying
they have been essaying
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been essaying
you will have been essaying
he/she/it will have been essaying
we will have been essaying
you will have been essaying
they will have been essaying
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been essaying
you had been essaying
he/she/it had been essaying
we had been essaying
you had been essaying
they had been essaying
Conditional
I would essay
you would essay
he/she/it would essay
we would essay
you would essay
they would essay
Past Conditional
I would have essayed
you would have essayed
he/she/it would have essayed
we would have essayed
you would have essayed
they would have essayed

essay

A prose composition on a particular subject.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.essay - an analytic or interpretive literary compositionessay - an analytic or interpretive literary composition
piece of writing, written material, writing - the work of a writer; anything expressed in letters of the alphabet (especially when considered from the point of view of style and effect); "the writing in her novels is excellent"; "that editorial was a fine piece of writing"
paper, theme, report, composition - an essay (especially one written as an assignment); "he got an A on his composition"
disquisition - an elaborate analytical or explanatory essay or discussion
memoir - an essay on a scientific or scholarly topic
thanatopsis - an essay expressing a view on the subject of death
2.essay - a tentative attempt
attempt, effort, try, endeavor, endeavour - earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something; "made an effort to cover all the reading material"; "wished him luck in his endeavor"; "she gave it a good try"
Verb1.essay - make an effort or attemptessay - make an effort or attempt; "He tried to shake off his fears"; "The infant had essayed a few wobbly steps"; "The police attempted to stop the thief"; "He sought to improve himself"; "She always seeks to do good in the world"
pick up the gauntlet, take a dare - be dared to do something and attempt it
act, move - perform an action, or work out or perform (an action); "think before you act"; "We must move quickly"; "The governor should act on the new energy bill"; "The nanny acted quickly by grabbing the toddler and covering him with a wet towel"
struggle, fight - make a strenuous or labored effort; "She struggled for years to survive without welfare"; "He fought for breath"
have a go, give it a try - make an attempt at something; "I never sat on a horse before but I'll give it a go"
grope - search blindly or uncertainly; "His mind groped to make the connection"
endeavor, endeavour, strive - attempt by employing effort; "we endeavor to make our customers happy"
give it a try, give it a whirl - try; "let's give it a whirl!"
adventure, gamble, run a risk, take a chance, take chances, risk, chance, hazard - take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome; "When you buy these stocks you are gambling"
lay on the line, put on the line, risk - expose to a chance of loss or damage; "We risked losing a lot of money in this venture"; "Why risk your life?"; "She laid her job on the line when she told the boss that he was wrong"
2.essay - put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use toessay - put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to; "This approach has been tried with good results"; "Test this recipe"
pass judgment, evaluate, judge - form a critical opinion of; "I cannot judge some works of modern art"; "How do you evaluate this grant proposal?" "We shouldn't pass judgment on other people"
verify, control - check or regulate (a scientific experiment) by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard; "Are you controlling for the temperature?"
float - circulate or discuss tentatively; test the waters with; "The Republicans are floating the idea of a tax reform"
field-test - test something under the conditions under which it will actually be used; "The Army field tested the new tanks"

essay

noun
1. composition, study, paper, article, piece, assignment, discourse, tract, treatise, dissertation, disquisition, SA (S.M.S.) He was asked to write an essay about his home town.
2. (Formal) attempt, go (informal), try, effort, shot (informal), trial, struggle, bid, test, experiment, crack (informal), venture, undertaking, stab (informal), endeavour, exertion His first essay in running a company was a disaster.
verb
1. (Formal) attempt, try, test, take on, undertake, strive for, endeavour, have a go at, try out, have a shot at (informal), have a crack at (informal), have a bash at (informal) He essayed a smile, but it was a dismal failure.

essay

noun
1. A relatively brief discourse written especially as an exercise:
2. A procedure that ascertains effectiveness, value, proper function, or other quality:
3. A trying to do or make something:
Informal: shot.
Slang: take.
Archaic: assay.
verb
1. To make an attempt to do or make:
2. To subject to a procedure that ascertains effectiveness, value, proper function, or other quality:
Idioms: bring to the test, make trial of, put to the proof.
Translations
بحثمَقالمَقال، مَقالَه
esej
essayforsøgeprøveskriftlig opgavestil
essee
esej
esszé
ritgerî
エッセイ
수필
esė
esejasacerējums
esejpísomná práca
esejposkus
essäuppsats
เรียงความ
bài luận

essay

A. [ˈeseɪ] N (Literat) → ensayo m (Scol, Univ) → trabajo m
B. [eˈseɪ] VT (frm) → probar, ensayar; [+ task] → intentar
to essay to + INFINintentar + infin

essay

[ˈɛseɪ] n
[student] → dissertation f; [school pupil] → rédaction f
a history essay → une dissertation d'histoire
(= work of literature) → essai m
(= attempt) → tentative f

essay

1 (form)
vt (= try)(aus)probieren
nVersuch m

essay

2
nEssay m or nt; (esp Sch) → Aufsatz m

essay

[ˈɛseɪ] n (Literature) → saggio (Scol) → tema m, composizione f

essay

(ˈesei) noun
a written composition; a piece of written prose. The examination consists of four essays; Write an essay on/about your holiday.

essay

مَقال esej essay Aufsatz δοκίμιο ensayo essee dissertation esej saggio エッセイ 수필 essay essay esej dissertação эссе uppsats เรียงความ deneme bài luận 短文
References in classic literature ?
Less figuratively speaking, he came up into the printing-office to expose from the book the nefarious plagiarism of an editor in a neighboring city, who had adapted with the change of names and a word or two here and there, whole passages from the essay on Barere, to the denunciation of a brother editor.
So it was ordained, and then there was made a cry, that every man should essay that would, for to win the sword.
Saintsbury's well-considered Specimens of English Prose Style, from Malory to Macaulay (Kegan Paul), a volume, as we think, which bears fresh witness to the truth of the old remark that it takes a scholar indeed to make a [4] good literary selection, has its motive sufficiently indicated in the very original "introductory essay," which might well stand, along with the best of these extracts from a hundred or more deceased masters of English, as itself a document or standard, in the matter of prose style.
For twenty-five days, working Sundays and holidays, he toiled on "The Shame of the Sun," a long essay of some thirty thousand words.
If I ever succeed in choosing a subject, I must ask if you think I can write well on it; and then I suppose I must work in silence and secret, never even reading the essay to you, nor talking about it.
William James's view was first set forth in an essay called "Does
said the Editor, sententiously, without looking up from his essay on the circularity of the political horizon.
On the other hand, instead of having to devote my energy to the learning of a multitude of things, I concentrated it upon a few particular things, such as, for instance, the analysis of Poe's place in American literature--an essay of mine, by the way, in the current Atlantic.
Matthew and Marilla were there, with eyes and ears for only one student on the platform--a tall girl in pale green, with faintly flushed cheeks and starry eyes, who read the best essay and was pointed out and whispered about as the Avery winner.
See on this subject the Historical Essay on the Magna Charta of King John, (a most beautiful volume), by Richard Thomson.
Among these probably may be reckoned those initial essays which we have prefixed to the historical matter contained in every book; and which we have determined to be essentially necessary to this kind of writing, of which we have set ourselves at the head.
I wrote, I wrote everything--ponderous essays, scientific and sociological short stories, humorous verse, verse of all sorts from triolets and sonnets to blank verse tragedy and elephantine epics in Spenserian stanzas.