essential


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to essential: Essential oils, essential tremor

es·sen·tial

 (ĭ-sĕn′shəl)
adj.
1. Constituting or being part of the nature or essence of something; inherent: "In that era of general good will ... few Americans doubted the essential goodness of their society" (David Halberstam).
2. Fundamentally important or necessary: essential ingredients. See Synonyms at indispensable.
3. Medicine Of, relating to, or being a condition or a disease whose cause is unknown: essential hypertension.
4. Biochemistry Being a substance that is required for normal functioning but cannot be synthesized by the body and therefore must be included in the diet: essential amino acids.
n.
1. Something fundamental.
2. Something necessary or indispensable.

es·sen′ti·al′i·ty (-shē-ăl′ĭ-tē), es·sen′tial·ness n.
es·sen′tial·ly adv.

essential

(ɪˈsɛnʃəl)
adj
1. vitally important; absolutely necessary
2. basic; fundamental: the essential feature.
3. completely realized; absolute; perfect: essential beauty.
4. (Biochemistry) biochem (of an amino acid or a fatty acid) necessary for the normal growth of an organism but not synthesized by the organism and therefore required in the diet
5. (Botany) derived from or relating to an extract of a plant, drug, etc: an essential oil.
6. (Logic) logic (of a property) guaranteed by the identity of the subject; necessary. Thus, if having the atomic number 79 is an essential property of gold, nothing can be gold unless it has that atomic number
7. (Music, other) music denoting or relating to a note that belongs to the fundamental harmony of a chord or piece
8. (Pathology) pathol (of a disease) having no obvious external cause: essential hypertension.
9. (Geological Science) geology (of a mineral constituent of a rock) necessary for defining the classification of a rock. Its absence alters the rock's name and classification
n
10. something fundamental or indispensable: a sharp eye is an essential for a printer.
11. (Music, other) music an essential note
essentiality, esˈsentialness n

es•sen•tial

(əˈsɛn ʃəl)

adj.
1. absolutely necessary; indispensable.
2. pertaining to or constituting the essence of a thing.
3. noting or containing an essence of a plant, drug, etc.
4. being such by its very nature or in the highest sense; natural; spontaneous: essential happiness.
5. not associated with an underlying disease: essential hypertension.
n.
6. a basic, indispensable, or necessary element; chief point.
[1300–50; Middle English essencial < Medieval Latin essenciālis, for Late Latin essentiālis]
es•sen′tial•ly, adv.
es•sen′tial•ness, n.
syn: essential, inherent, intrinsic refer to that which is in the natural composition of a thing. essential suggests that which is in the very essence or constitution of a thing: Quiet is essential in a public library. inherent means inborn or fixed from the beginning as a permanent quality or constituent of a thing: properties inherent in iron. intrinsic implies belonging to the nature of a thing itself and comprised within it, without regard to external considerations or accidentally added properties: the intrinsic value of diamonds. See also necessary.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.essential - anything indispensable; "food and shelter are necessities of life"; "the essentials of the good life"; "allow farmers to buy their requirements under favorable conditions"; "a place where the requisites of water fuel and fodder can be obtained"
thing - a separate and self-contained entity
desideratum - something desired as a necessity; "the desiderata for a vacation are time and money"
must - a necessary or essential thing; "seat belts are an absolute must"
need, want - anything that is necessary but lacking; "he had sufficient means to meet his simple needs"; "I tried to supply his wants"
inessential, nonessential - anything that is not essential; "they discarded all their inessentials"
Adj.1.essential - absolutely necessary; vitally necessary; "essential tools and materials"; "funds essential to the completion of the project"; "an indispensable worker"
necessary - absolutely essential
2.essential - basic and fundamental; "the essential feature"
crucial, important - of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis; "a crucial moment in his career"; "a crucial election"; "a crucial issue for women"
indispensable - not to be dispensed with; essential; "foods indispensable to good nutrition"
unexpendable - not suitable to be expended
important, of import - of great significance or value; "important people"; "the important questions of the day"
intrinsic, intrinsical - belonging to a thing by its very nature; "form was treated as something intrinsic, as the very essence of the thing"- John Dewey
necessary - absolutely essential
primary - of first rank or importance or value; direct and immediate rather than secondary; "primary goals"; "a primary effect"; "primary sources"; "a primary interest"
inessential, unessential - not basic or fundamental
3.essential - of the greatest importanceessential - of the greatest importance; "the all-important subject of disarmament"; "crucial information"; "in chess cool nerves are of the essence"
important, of import - of great significance or value; "important people"; "the important questions of the day"
4.essential - being or relating to or containing the essence of a plant etc; "essential oil"
5.essential - defining rights and duties as opposed to giving the rules by which rights and duties are established; "substantive law"
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"

essential

adjective
1. vital, important, needed, necessary, critical, crucial, key, indispensable, requisite, vitally important It is absolutely essential that we find this man quickly.
vital unnecessary, trivial, unimportant, inessential
3. concentrated, extracted, refined, volatile, rectified, distilled essential oils used in aromatherapy
noun
1. prerequisite, principle, fundamental, necessity, must, basic, requisite, vital part, sine qua non (Latin), rudiment the essentials of everyday life, such as food and water

essential

adjective
1. Constituting or forming part of the essence of something:
2. Of or being an irreducible element:
3. Incapable of being dispensed with:
noun
1. A fundamental irreducible constituent of a whole:
basic, element, fundamental, rudiment (often used in plural).
Translations
جَوْهَر، شَيءٌ أساسيجَوْهَري، أساسيضَرُورِيّ
nezbytnýpodstatazásadníesenceesenciální
essentielgrundliggende elementnødvendignødvendighed
olulinevajalik
välttämätönelintärkeänormaalioleellinenolennainen
ključno
grundvallaratriîinauîsynlegur
最も重要な
근본적인
būtinasbūtiniausias dalykas
būtisksnepieciešamspamatspirmās nepieciešamības priekšmets
bistven
väsentlig
ซึ่งสำคัญ
gerekligerekli şeyzorunlu
thiết yếu

essential

[ɪˈsenʃəl]
A. ADJ
1. (= necessary) → esencial, imprescindible
it is essential thates esencial que, es imprescindible que
it is essential to + INFINes esencial or imprescindible + infin
it is absolutely essential to remain calmes absolutamente esencial or es imprescindible mantener la calma
in this job accuracy is essentialpara este trabajo la exactitud es esencial or imprescindible or es un imperativo
a list of essential readinguna lista de lecturas esenciales
essential servicesservicios mpl básicos
2. (= fundamental) [quality, fact, difference, element] → fundamental, esencial
play is an essential part of a child's developmentel juego es una parte fundamental or esencial en el desarrollo del niño
man's essential goodnessla bondad esencial or fundamental del ser humano
B. N
1. (= necessary thing) in my job a car is an essentialen mi trabajo, un coche es una necesidad
the essentials of everyday lifelas necesidades básicas de la vida diaria
we have all the essentialstenemos todo lo necesario
we picked up a few essentials for the triptomamos algunas cosas esenciales para el viaje
accuracy is one of the essentialsla exactitud es uno de los elementos esenciales or fundamentales
we can only take the bare essentials with ussólo podemos llevarnos lo imprescindible
2. essentials (= fundamentals) the essentials of German grammarlos rudimentos de la gramática alemana
in all essentialsfundamentalmente
C. CPD essential oil Naceite m esencial

essential

[ɪˈsɛnʃəl]
adj
(= crucial) → essentiel(le)
it is essential to → il est essentiel de, il est indispensable de
It's essential to bring warm clothes → Il est essentiel d'apporter des vêtements chauds.
it is essential (that) → il est essentiel que, il est primordial que
(= basic) → fondamental(e)
n (= essential thing) → élément m essentiel, élément m indispensable
essentials such as fuel and clothing → l'essentiel, par exemple le combustible et les vêtements

essential

adj
(= necessary, vital)(unbedingt or absolut) erforderlich or notwendig; services, supplieslebenswichtig; it is essential to act quicklyschnelles Handeln ist unbedingt or absolut erforderlich; it is essential that he come(s)es ist absolut or unbedingt erforderlich, dass er kommt, er muss unbedingt kommen; it is essential that you understand thisdu musst das unbedingt verstehen; do it now — is it really essential?mach es jetzt — ist das wirklich unbedingt nötig?; this is of essential importancedies ist von entscheidender Bedeutung; certain vitamins are essential for good healthbestimmte Vitamine sind für die Gesundheit unerlässlich; she’s become essential to mesie ist mir unentbehrlich geworden; the essential thing is to …wichtig ist vor allem, zu …
(= of the essence, basic)wesentlich, essenziell (geh), → essentiell (geh); (Philos) → essenziell, essentiell, wesenhaft; question, roleentscheidend; essential featureswesentliche Eigenschaften pl; the essential feature of his personalityder Grundzug or der grundlegende Zug seiner Persönlichkeit; I don’t doubt his essential goodnessich zweifle nicht an, dass er im Grunde ein guter Mensch ist; to establish the essential nature of the problemfeststellen, worum es im Kern bei diesem Problem eigentlich geht; to establish the essential nature of the diseasefeststellen, worum es sich bei dieser Krankheit eigentlich handelt
n
(= necessary thing) a compass is an essential for mountain climbingein Kompass ist unbedingt notwendig zum Bergsteigen; the first essential is to privatize the industryals Erstes muss die Industrie unbedingt privatisiert werden; just bring the essentialsbring nur das Allernotwendigste mit; with only the bare essentialsnur mit dem Allernotwendigsten ausgestattet
essentials pl (= most important points)wichtige Punkte pl, → Essentials pl; the essentials of German grammardie Grundlagen plor die Grundzüge plder deutschen Grammatik

essential

[ɪˈsɛnʃl]
1. adj (gen) → essenziale; (basic) → fondamentale; (important) → indispensabile
it is essential that → è essenziale che + sub
2. n often plelemento essenziale

essential

(iˈsenʃəl) adjective
absolutely necessary. Strong boots are essential for mountaineering; It is essential that you arrive punctually.
noun
a thing that is fundamental or necessary. Everyone should learn the essentials of first aid; Is a television set an essential?
esˈsentially adverb
basically. She is an essentially selfish person.

essential

ضَرُورِيّ nezbytný essentiel wesentlich ουσιαστικός esencial välttämätön essentiel ključno essenziale 最も重要な 근본적인 essentieel vesentlig zasadniczy essencial существенный väsentlig ซึ่งสำคัญ zorunlu thiết yếu 必要的

es·sen·tial

a. esencial, indispensable.

essential

adj esencial
References in classic literature ?
Each house consisted of two compartments, and each family at Lebrun's possessed a compartment for itself, fitted out with all the essential paraphernalia of the bath and whatever other conveniences the owners might desire.
Then, holding the brand, he crossed a deep, narrow chasm in the rocks which ran at right angles with the passage they were in, but which, unlike that, was open to the heavens, and entered another cave, answering to the description of the first, in every essential particular.
It is essential to say a few words respecting the victim of this now almost forgotten murder.
I looked upon it as an evidence, in some measure, of a system naturally well balanced, and lacking no essential part of a thorough organization, that, with such associates to remember, I could mingle at once with men of altogether different qualities, and never murmur at the change.
Much might be ruminated here, concerning the essential dignity of this regal process, because in common life we esteem but meanly and contemptibly a fellow who anoints his hair, and palpably smells of that anointing.
She was a native and essential cook, as much as Aunt Chloe,-- cooking being an indigenous talent of the African race; but Chloe was a trained and methodical one, who moved in an orderly domestic harness, while Dinah was a self-taught genius, and, like geniuses in general, was positive, opinionated and erratic, to the last degree.
His words are wisdom to those legislators who contemplate no essential reform in the existing government; but for thinkers, and those who legislate for all tim, he never once glances at the subject.
X always spoke English to Germans, but his plan was to turn the sentence wrong end first and upside down, according to German construction, and sprinkle in a German word without any essential meaning to it, here and there, by way of flavor.
They are the essential ingredients, not the occasional results, of the system.
Bates's, and gone through his share of this essential attention most handsomely; but she having then induced Miss Fairfax to join her in an airing, was now returned with much more to say, and much more to say with satisfaction, than a quarter of an hour spent in Mrs.
I try to concentrate my attention on those netting-needles, on the meshes of the purse I am forming--I wish to think only of the work I have in my hands, to see only the silver beads and silk threads that lie in my lap; whereas, I distinctly behold his figure, and I inevitably recall the moment when I last saw it; just after I had rendered him, what he deemed, an essential service, and he, holding my hand, and looking down on my face, surveyed me with eyes that revealed a heart full and eager to overflow; in whose emotions I had a part.
The essential spirit of the man's whole vagabond life burst out of him irresistibly in his first exclamation.