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 (ĭ-thŏl′ə-jē, ē-thŏl′-)
1. The scientific study of animal behavior, especially as it occurs in a natural environment.
2. The study of human ethos and its formation.

[French éthologie, from Latin ēthologia, art of depicting character, from Greek ēthologiā : ēthos, character; see ethos + logos, speech, expression; see -logy.]

eth′o·log′i·cal (ĕth′ə-lŏj′ĭ-kəl) adj.
e·thol′o·gist n.


(Zoology) the study of the behaviour of animals in their normal environment
[C17 (in the obsolete sense: mimicry): via Latin from Greek ēthologia, from ēthos character; current sense, C19]
ethological, ˌethoˈlogic adj
ˌethoˈlogically adv
eˈthologist n


(iˈθɒl ə dʒi, ɪˈθɒl-)

the study of animal behavior with emphasis on the patterns that occur in natural environments.
[1895–1900; earlier, as the study of relations between an organism and its environment < French éthologie,; see ethos]
e•tho•log•i•cal (ˌi θəˈlɒdʒ ɪ kəl, ˌɛθ ə-) adj.
e`tho•log′i•cal•ly, adv.
e•thol′o•gist, n.


the science proposed by John Stuart MUI for the study of the character formation in humans. — ethologic, ethological, adj.
See also: Mankind
the study of animal behavior in relation to habitat. — ethologist, n. — ethological, adj.
See also: Animals


1. The branch of zoology that deals with animals in their normal environment.
2. Study of animal behavior.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ethology - the branch of zoology that studies the behavior of animals in their natural habitats
zoological science, zoology - the branch of biology that studies animals
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They cover the world of animals: senses and perception, human-animal interaction, applying ethology in the keeping of animals, animal stress responses, animal leaning and cognition, social behavior of animals, animal affective states, and maternal and neonatal behavior.
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Melissa Bateson, Professor of Ethology, explains: "By carrying extra energy reserves as body fat, or knowing where else to find food if need be, birds growing up in more difficult conditions might be insuring themselves against starvation in case of future food shortages.
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Co-author Dr Nicola Koyama, a senior lecturer in ethology at LJMU, said: "Judgment bias studies let us examine the effect of emotions on cognitive processes and are important measures for improving animal welfare.
Fresh carcasses lying around reduced a trap's effectiveness, though apparently not as terrifying warnings, the researchers report in an upcoming issue of Ethology.
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Studies on humans suggest that people who have experienced high levels of social stress and deprivation have shorter telomeres," Dustin Penn from the Konrad Lorenz Institute of Ethology at the Vetmeduni Vienna said.