etymon(redirected from etymons)
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n. pl. et·y·mons or et·y·ma (-mə)
1. An earlier form of a word in the same language or in an ancestor language. For example, Indo-European *duwo and Old English twā are etymons of Modern English two.
2. A word or morpheme from which compounds and derivatives are formed.
3. A foreign word from which a particular loan word is derived. For example, Latin duo, "two," is an etymon of English duodecimal.
[Latin, from Greek etumon, true sense of a word, from neuter of etumos, true.]
n, pl -mons or -ma (-mə)
(Phonetics & Phonology) a form of a word or morpheme, usually the earliest recorded form or a reconstructed form, from which another word or morpheme is derived: the etymon of English "ewe" is Indo-European "*owi"
[C16: via Latin, from Greek etumon basic meaning, from etumos true, actual]
n., pl. -mons, -ma (-mə)
the linguistic form from which another form is historically derived, as the Latin word cor “heart,” which is the etymon of English cordial, or the Indo-European base *ḱ(e)rd-, which is the etymon of Latin cor, Greek kardía, Russian serdtse, and English heart.
[1560–70; < Latin: the origin of a word < Greek étymon the essential meaning of a word seen in its origin or traced to its grammatical parts, neuter of étymos true, actual, real]
A form of a word from which another word has been derived.
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|Noun||1.||etymon - a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes|