(redirected from etymons)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.


n. pl. et·y·mons or et·y·ma (-mə)
1. An earlier form of a word in the same language or in an ancestor language. For example, Indo-European *duwo and Old English twā are etymons of Modern English two.
2. A word or morpheme from which compounds and derivatives are formed.
3. A foreign word from which a particular loan word is derived. For example, Latin duo, "two," is an etymon of English duodecimal.

[Latin, from Greek etumon, true sense of a word, from neuter of etumos, true.]


n, pl -mons or -ma (-mə)
(Phonetics & Phonology) a form of a word or morpheme, usually the earliest recorded form or a reconstructed form, from which another word or morpheme is derived: the etymon of English "ewe" is Indo-European "*owi"
[C16: via Latin, from Greek etumon basic meaning, from etumos true, actual]


(ˈɛt əˌmɒn)

n., pl. -mons, -ma (-mə)
the linguistic form from which another form is historically derived, as the Latin word cor “heart,” which is the etymon of English cordial, or the Indo-European base *ḱ(e)rd-, which is the etymon of Latin cor, Greek kardía, Russian serdtse, and English heart.
[1560–70; < Latin: the origin of a word < Greek étymon the essential meaning of a word seen in its origin or traced to its grammatical parts, neuter of étymos true, actual, real]


A form of a word from which another word has been derived.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.etymon - a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes
descriptor, form, signifier, word form - the phonological or orthographic sound or appearance of a word that can be used to describe or identify something; "the inflected forms of a word can be represented by a stem and a list of inflections to be attached"


[ˈetɪmɒn] N (etymons, etyma (pl)) [ˈetɪmə]étimo m
References in periodicals archive ?
Es ist letztlich der Anteil des Sprachlichen an den begrifflichen Kategorien, der die Vieldeutigkeit und flexible Interpretierbarkeit, wenn nicht gar Umdeutung und Missdeutung eines ursprunglich vokabularen Kerns oder eines Etymons ermoglicht und sich schliesslich als Geschichte in den Begriffswortern auspragt.
Les etymons en arabe: Analyse formelle et semantique.
Preferant une analyse portant essentiellement sur le contenu--ce que les analystes precedents ont generalement ignore--, Daniel Clement cherche a mettre en evidence les etymons des mythemes, c'est-a-dire les sources d'oo les themes mythiques tirent leur origine et qui en expliquent les manifestations.
38) By 1904 the etymology of using "apple-pie" in this way had long been the subject of considerable philological speculation, the most favored etymons being a corruption either of the French words for "folded linen" (nappes pliees) or a knight's tidy cap-a-pie (head-to-toe) armor.
It seems likely that the increase in popularity of the form -tion may be motivated by the general classicising trend in Early Modern English, which consisted in making words look closer to their Latin etymons.
Pour repondre a la question de l'analogie auditive des formes lexicales que nous interrogeons, nous nous attacherons, dans un premier temps, a demeler l'echeveau des lois qui regissent la structure du lexique hebraique, ses niveaux de representation, tel qu'il est concu dans la theorie des matrices, des etymons et des radicaux.
Greek and Latin etymons of sweet-hedone and suadere-are no doubt on the tip of the tongue in "Felise," as is "bitter," a paradoxical connection which in Swinburne resembles what Freud writes of as the antithetical meaning of primal words.
To date a mere 30,000 words have been matched up with their ultimate etymons in Pre-Hebrew or ancient Semitic.
Like the Jesus prayer, which may be expressed in any language, the formula "Namo Amitabha Buddha", though based on Sanskrit etymons, has different versions in different languages, and in contrast to Hindu mantras, there is little attempt at retaining the original Sanskrit pronunciation, cf.
Die Bedeutung 'Kinn; Kiefer' hilft die Herkunft des russischen Etymons [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.
the German dialect expression Auswarts and the English dialect expression back-end of the year for `autumn' certainly go back to different etymons, but the iconyms, the underlying motives, are basically the same, namely that autumn is seen as the season where the year comes to a close.
Comparative literature may have its etymons in the grand narrative schemes of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century European discourses, but its actual history speaks of a perennially problematic field, much less a "unified field" with an attendant unified theory.