exaggeration

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ex·ag·ger·ate

 (ĭg-zăj′ə-rāt′)
v. ex·ag·ger·at·ed, ex·ag·ger·at·ing, ex·ag·ger·ates
v.tr.
To consider, represent, or cause to appear as larger, more important, or more extreme than is actually the case; overstate: exaggerated his own role in the episode; exaggerated the size of the enemy force; exaggerated how difficult the project would be.
v.intr.
To make overstatements.

[Latin exaggerāre, exaggerāt-, to heap up, magnify : ex-, intensive pref.; see ex- + aggerāre, to pile up (from agger, pile, from aggerere, to bring to : ad-, ad- + gerere, to bring).]

ex·ag′ger·at′ed·ly adv.
ex·ag′ger·a′tion n.
ex·ag′ger·a′tive, ex·ag′ger·a·to′ry (-ə-tôr′ē) adj.
ex·ag′ger·a′tor n.
Synonyms: exaggerate, inflate, magnify, overstate
These verbs mean to represent something as being larger or greater than it actually is: exaggerated the size of the fish I caught; inflated his own importance; magnifying her part in their success; overstated his income on the loan application.
Antonym: minimize

ex•ag•ger•a•tion

(ɪgˌzædʒ əˈreɪ ʃən)

n.
1. the act of exaggerating or overstating.
2. an instance of exaggerating; an overstatement: His version of events is a gross exaggeration.
[1555–65]

Exaggeration

 of fishermen—Hare.

Exaggeration

 

all one’s geese are swans A proverbial expression said of one who is prone to overexaggeration and overestimation. Geese are rather unattractive, common birds in comparison to the rarer, more elegant swans; thus, to turn one’s geese to swans is, figuratively speaking, to color reality considerably. Use of this phrase, which is infrequently heard today, dates from at least the early 17th century.

The besetting temptation which leads local historians to turn geese into swans. (Saturday Review, July, 1884)

draw the longbow To exaggerate or overstate, to lay it on thick; to stretch the truth, to tell tall tales. The longbow, a weapon drawn by hand, was of central importance in the exploits of Robin Hood and his band. The farther back one stretched the bowstring, the farther the arrow would fly. It is easy to see how this literal stretching of the longbow came to mean a figurative stretching of the truth. This expression, in use since at least the latter part of the 17th century, appears in Lord Byron’s Don Juan (1824):

At speaking truth perhaps they are less clever,
But draw the long bow better now than ever.

fish story A tall tale, an exaggeration; an absurd or unbelievable account of one’s exploits. This colloquialism, in use since at least the early 19th century, derives from the propensity of many, if not all, fishermen to exaggerate the size of their catch. An important element in many fish stories is the angler’s lament, “You should have seen the one that got away.”

ham See OSTENTATIOUSNESS.

hyped-up Overblown, overly touted, inordinately promoted or publicized; artificially induced; bogus, contrived. The term’s origin stems from the use of a hypodermic injection to stimulate physiological response. In a 1950 syndicated column Billy Rose said of a movie:

No fireworks, no fake suspense, no hyped-up glamour.

The term has now given rise to the truncated form hype, used disparagingly both as noun and verb.

lay it on See FLATTERY.

make a mountain out of a molehill To make a to-do over a minor matter, to make a great fuss over a trifle. Although this particular expression did not appear until the late 16th century, the idea had been expressed centuries earlier by the Greek writer Lucian in his Ode to a Fly; it subsequently became the French proverb faire d’une mouche un éléphant ‘make an elephant of a fly.’

[This is] like making mountains out of molehills. (James Tait, Mind in Matter, 1892)

megillah See ANECDOTE.

shoot the bull See TALKATIVENESS.

snow job See MENDACITY.

song and dance A misleading, false, or exaggerated story designed to evoke sympathy or to otherwise evade an issue; a rigmarole; a snow job. Though the derivation of this expression is unclear, it probably alludes to the “song and dance” acts that introduced or filled in between the main attractions in a vaudeville show.

Labor leader Preble … was not impressed by the song and dance about [Stefan’s] mother and sister being persecuted and murdered. (Time, September 5, 1949)

spin a yarn To tell a story, especially a long, involved, exaggerated account of one’s exploits and adventures, both real and imagined; to tell a tall tale. Originally, spin a yarn was a nautical term that meant ‘to weave hemp into rope.’ Since this was a tedious, time-consuming task, sailors often traded tall tales and adventure stories to help pass the time. Thus, these stories came to be known as yarns, and their telling as spinning a yarn, by association.

Come, spin us a good yarn, father. (Frederick Marry at, Jacob Faithful, 1835)

talk through one’s hat To talk nonsense, to lie or exaggerate, to make farfetched or unsupported statements.

But when Mr. Wallace says that … he is talking through his hat. (The Chicago Daily News, December, 1944)

Use of this expression, whose origin as yet defies explanation, dates from the late 19th century.

talk through the back of one’s neck To use extravagant, flowery language, often sacrificing accuracy; to make unrealistic, illogical, or extraordinary statements.

“Don’t talk through yer neck,” snarled the convict. “Talk out straight, curse you!” (E. W. Hor-nung, Amateur Cracksman, 1899)

Through the back of one’s neck is here opposed to straight, which connotes directness, straightforwardness, and truthfulness.

Anybody who gets up in this House and talks about universal peace knows he is talking through the back of his neck. (Pall Mall Gazette, 1923)

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.exaggeration - extravagant exaggerationexaggeration - extravagant exaggeration    
figure of speech, trope, image, figure - language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense
2.exaggeration - the act of making something more noticeable than usual; "the dance involved a deliberate exaggeration of his awkwardness"
step-up, increase - the act of increasing something; "he gave me an increase in salary"
3.exaggeration - making to seem more important than it really is
deception, misrepresentation, deceit - a misleading falsehood

exaggeration

noun overstatement, inflation, emphasis, excess, enlargement, pretension, extravagance, hyperbole, magnification, amplification, embellishment, exaltation, pretentiousness, overemphasis, overestimation Like most of his stories, it smacks of exaggeration.
restraint, understatement, underplaying, meiosis, litotes
Quotations
"An exaggeration is a truth that has lost its temper" [Kahlil Gibran Sand and Foam]

exaggeration

noun
The act or an instance of exaggerating:
Translations
مُبالَغَةمُبالَغَهوَصْف مُبالَغ
přehánění
overdrivelse
liioittelu
pretjerivanje
ÿkjur
誇張
과장
zveličeniezveličovanie
pretiravanje
överdrift
การพูดเกินความจริง
abartıabartma
sự phóng đại

exaggeration

[ɪgˈzædʒəreɪʃən] Nexageración f

exaggeration

[ɪgˌzædʒəˈreɪʃən] nexagération f
it would be an exaggeration to ... → il serait exagéré de ...

exaggeration

nÜbertreibung f; a bit of an exaggerationeine leichte Übertreibung, leicht übertrieben

exaggeration

[ɪgˌzædʒəˈreɪʃn] nesagerazione f

exaggerate

(igˈzӕdʒəreit) verb
1. to make (something) appear to be, or describe it as, greater etc than it really is. You seem to be exaggerating his faults; That dress exaggerates her thinness.
2. to go beyond the truth in describing something etc. You can't trust her. She always exaggerates.
exˌaggeˈration noun
1. the act of exaggerating.
2. an exaggerated description, term etc. To say she is beautiful is an exaggeration, but she does have nice eyes.

exaggeration

مُبالَغَة přehánění overdrivelse Übertreibung υπερβολή exageración liioittelu exagération pretjerivanje esagerazione 誇張 과장 overdrijving overdrivelse wyolbrzymienie exagero преувеличение överdrift การพูดเกินความจริง abartı sự phóng đại 夸张

exaggeration

n. exageración, alarde.
References in classic literature ?
Tell them of cruel scourgings, of mutilations and brandings, of scenes of pollution and blood, of the banishment of all light and knowl- edge, and they affect to be greatly indignant at such enormous exaggerations, such wholesale misstate- ments, such abominable libels on the character of the southern planters
The men gave these details with the exaggerations common to vulgar minds which have been strongly excited by any remarkable event, and their natural disposition to the marvellous was greatly increased by the satisfaction which their evidence seemed to afford to the eminent person for whose information it had been delivered.
That the people and the States should, for a sufficient period of time, elect an uninterupted succession of men ready to betray both; that the traitors should, throughout this period, uniformly and systematically pursue some fixed plan for the extension of the military establishment; that the governments and the people of the States should silently and patiently behold the gathering storm, and continue to supply the materials, until it should be prepared to burst on their own heads, must appear to every one more like the incoherent dreams of a delirious jealousy, or the misjudged exaggerations of a counterfeit zeal, than like the sober apprehensions of genuine patriotism.
It would be difficult to give an idea of the exaggerations prevalent at this epoch, and of the horror inspired by the Bonapartists.
I tumble down again soon into my old nooks, and lead the life of exaggerations as before, and have lost my faith in the possibility of any guide who can lead me thither where I would be.
If you are aware of the real reason for my father's present condition (and you have kept such an excellent spying watch during these last few days that you are sure to be aware of it)--you had no right whatever to torment the--unfortunate man, and to worry my mother by your exaggerations of the affair; because the whole business is nonsense--simply a drunken freak, and nothing more, quite unproved by any evidence, and I don't believe that much of it
He keeps that hat now (what is left of it), and, of a winter's evening, when the pipes are lit and the boys are telling stretchers about the dangers they have passed through, George brings it down and shows it round, and the stirring tale is told anew, with fresh exaggerations every time.
He described the scene with certain additions and exaggerations which interested Mary very much.
It had once or twice crossed his mind that possibly there was some deficiency in Dorothea to account for the moderation of his abandonment; but he was unable to discern the deficiency, or to figure to himself a woman who would have pleased him better; so that there was clearly no reason to fall back upon but the exaggerations of human tradition.
I mean that this affair from beginning to end appears to me like a case of arrant flirtation, to say the least of it--such a case as you would find it rather inconvenient to have blazoned through the world: especially with the additions and exaggerations of your female rivals, who would be too glad to publish the matter, if I only gave them a handle to it.
His companion laughed nervously, and moved away, to repeat the conversation, with variations and exaggerations, to others of the black soldiery, so that it was not long before a frightful tale of black magic and sudden death was woven about the giant prisoner, and had gone the rounds of the camp.
Her trained ear detected the weaknesses and exaggerations, the overemphasis of the tyro, and she was instantly aware each time the sentence-rhythm tripped and faltered.