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Related to examination: Pelvic examination, examination papers


1. The act of examining or the state of being examined: the examination of the evidence.
2. A set of questions or exercises testing knowledge or skill.
3. A formal interrogation: examination of the witness.

ex·am′i·na′tion·al adj.


1. the act of examining or state of being examined
2. (Education) education
a. written exercises, oral questions, or practical tasks, set to test a candidate's knowledge and skill
b. (as modifier): an examination paper.
3. (Medicine) med
a. physical inspection of a patient or parts of his or her body, in order to verify health or diagnose disease
b. laboratory study of secretory or excretory products, tissue samples, etc, esp in order to diagnose disease
4. (Law) law the formal interrogation of a person on oath, esp of an accused or a witness
exˌamiˈnational adj


(ɪgˌzæm əˈneɪ ʃən)

1. the act of examining; inspection; inquiry; investigation.
2. the state of being examined.
3. the act or process of testing pupils, candidates, etc., as by questions.
4. the test itself; the list of questions asked.
5. the answers, statements, etc., made by one examined.
6. formal legal interrogation.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin]
ex•am`i•na′tion•al, adj.
syn: examination, inspection, scrutiny refer to a looking at something. An examination is an orderly attempt to test or to obtain information about something, often something presented for observation: an examination of merchandise for sale. An inspection is usu. a formal and official examination: An inspection of the plumbing revealed a defective pipe. scrutiny implies a critical and minutely detailed examination: His testimony was given close scrutiny.


In maintenance, a comprehensive scrutiny supplemented by measurement and physical testing in order to determine the condition of an item. See also maintenance.



An exam or examination is an official test that shows your knowledge or ability in a particular subject. Exam is the word most commonly used. Examination is more formal and is used mainly in written English.

I was told the exam was difficult.
All students must take a three-hour written examination.

When someone takes part in an exam, you say that they take it or sit it.

Many children want to take these exams.
After the third term we'll be sitting the exam.

Speakers of American English generally use take instead of 'sit'.

In conversation, you can also say that someone does an exam.

I did my exams last week.

If someone is successful in an exam, you say that they pass it.

If you want a good job, you'll have to pass your exams.

Be Careful!
To pass an exam always means to succeed in it. It does not mean to take part in it.

If someone is unsuccessful in an exam, you say that they fail it.

He failed the entrance exam.
I passed the written part but then failed the oral section hopelessly.

You also say that someone passes in or fails in a particular subject.

I've been told that I'll probably pass in English and French.
I failed in a few other subjects.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.examination - the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes)examination - the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes)
audit - a methodical examination or review of a condition or situation; "he made an audit of all the plants on his property"; "an energy efficiency audit"; "an email log audit"
autopsy, necropsy, PM, postmortem examination, post-mortem examination, postmortem, post-mortem - an examination and dissection of a dead body to determine cause of death or the changes produced by disease
checkup, health check, medical, medical checkup, medical exam, medical examination - a thorough physical examination; includes a variety of tests depending on the age and sex and health of the person
comparing, comparison - the act of examining resemblances; "they made a comparison of noise levels"; "the fractions selected for comparison must require pupils to consider both numerator and denominator"
fine-tooth comb, fine-toothed comb - a method of examining in minute detail; "he went over the contract with a fine-tooth comb looking for loopholes"
reexamination, review, followup, follow-up - a subsequent examination of a patient for the purpose of monitoring earlier treatment
going-over - a careful and thorough inspection
look-over, once-over - a swift cursory examination or inspection; "I gave him the once-over"
ophthalmoscopy - examination of the interior of an eye using an ophthalmoscope
palpation, tactual exploration - a method of examination in which the examiner feels the size or shape or firmness or location of something (of body parts when the examiner is a health professional)
investigating, investigation - the work of inquiring into something thoroughly and systematically
endoscopy - visual examination of the interior of a hollow body organ by use of an endoscope
gonioscopy - an examination of the front part of the eye to check the angle where the iris meets the cornea; it is used to distinguish between open-angle glaucoma and closed-angle glaucoma
keratoscopy - examination of the cornea with a keratoscope to detect irregularities in its anterior surface
rhinoscopy - examination of the nasal passages (either through the anterior nares or with a rhinoscope through the nasopharynx)
scan - the act of scanning; systematic examination of a prescribed region; "he made a thorough scan of the beach with his binoculars"
search - boarding and inspecting a ship on the high seas; "right of search"
study, survey - a detailed critical inspection
testing - an examination of the characteristics of something; "there are laboratories for commercial testing"; "it involved testing thousands of children for smallpox"
motion study, time and motion study, time study, time-and-motion study, time-motion study, work study - an analysis of a specific job in an effort to find the most efficient method in terms of time and effort
inspection, review - a formal or official examination; "the platoon stood ready for review"; "we had to wait for the inspection before we could use the elevator"
bank examination - an examination of the affairs and records of a bank by a state or federal bank examiner
2.examination - a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledgeexamination - a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge; "when the test was stolen the professor had to make a new set of questions"
communicating, communication - the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information; "they could not act without official communication from Moscow"
bar exam, bar examination - an examination conducted at regular intervals to determine whether a candidate is qualified to practice law in a given jurisdiction; "applicants may qualify to take the New York bar examination by graduating from an approved law school"; "he passed the bar exam on his third try"
comp, comprehensive, comprehensive examination - an intensive examination testing a student's proficiency in some special field of knowledge; "she took her comps in English literature"
entrance exam, entrance examination - examination to determine a candidate's preparation for a course of studies
final exam, final examination, final - an examination administered at the end of an academic term
litmus test - a test that relies on a single indicator; "her litmus test for good breeding is whether you split infinitives"
midterm exam, midterm examination, midterm - an examination administered in the middle of an academic term
oral, oral exam, oral examination, viva, viva voce - an examination conducted by spoken communication
preliminary exam, preliminary examination, prelim - an examination taken by graduate students to determine their fitness to continue
quiz - an examination consisting of a few short questions
tripos - final honors degree examinations at Cambridge University
3.examination - formal systematic questioning
inquiring, questioning - a request for information
catechism - a series of question put to an individual (such as a political candidate) to elicit their views
deposition - (law) a pretrial interrogation of a witness; usually conducted in a lawyer's office
inquisition - a severe interrogation (often violating the rights or privacy of individuals)
third degree - interrogation often accompanied by torture to extort information or a confession
cross-examination - (law) close questioning of a hostile witness in a court of law to discredit or throw a new light on the testimony already provided in direct examination
direct examination - (law) the initial questioning of a witness by the party that called the witness
redirect examination, reexamination - (law) questioning of a witness by the party that called the witness after that witness has been subject to cross-examination
interview - the questioning of a person (or a conversation in which information is elicited); often conducted by journalists; "my interviews with teenagers revealed a weakening of religious bonds"
debriefing - report of a mission or task
4.examination - a detailed inspection of your conscience (as done daily by Jesuits)
introspection, self-contemplation, self-examination - the contemplation of your own thoughts and desires and conduct
5.examination - the act of giving students or candidates a test (as by questions) to determine what they know or have learned
investigating, investigation - the work of inquiring into something thoroughly and systematically
11-plus, eleven-plus - (formerly in Britain) an examination taken by 11 and 12 year old students to select suitable candidates for grammar school


1. inspection, testing, study, research, trial, checking, review, survey, investigation, analysis, consideration, observation, going-over (informal), vetting, scrutiny, appraisal, interrogation, assay, perusal, recce (slang) They have taken the documents away for examination.
2. checkup, analysis, going-over (informal), exploration, health check, check, medical, once-over (informal) a routine medical examination
3. exam, test, research, paper, investigation, practical, assessment, quiz, evaluation, oral, appraisal, catechism accusations of cheating in school examinations
4. questioning, inquiry, probe, quizzing, cross-examination, inquisition the examination of witnesses in this murder case
"In examinations the foolish ask questions that the wise cannot answer" [Oscar Wilde Phrases and Philosophies for the Use of the Young]


1. The act of examining carefully:
Informal: going-over.
2. A close or systematic study:
3. A medical inquiry into a patient's state of health:
4. A set of questions or exercises designed to determine knowledge or skill:
إسْتِجْوابإمْتِحان، إخْتِبارامتحاناِمْتِحَانفَحْص، تَحْقيق
athugun, skoîunprófyfirheyrsla, prófun
bài kiểm tra


[ɪgˌzæmɪˈneɪʃən] N
1. (Scol, Univ) (= test) → examen m
our chemistry examinationnuestro examen de química
to take or sit an examinationpresentarse a un examen
to take an examination inexaminarse de
oral examinationexamen m oral
2. (= inspection) [of premises] → inspección f; [of luggage] → registro m; [of account] → revisión f, inspección f; [of witness, suspect] → interrogatorio m
on examinational examinarlo/examinarlos
3. (= inquiry) → investigación f, estudio m (into de) the matter is under examinationel asunto está siendo investigado or estudiado
4. (Med) → reconocimiento m


[ɪgˌzæmɪˈneɪʃən] n
(SCHOOL) (academic)examen m
to take an examination, to sit an examination (British)passer un examen
to pass an examination → réussir un examen
(MEDICINE) (medical) [patient] → examen médical m
(= scrutiny) → examen m
They have taken away documents for examination → Ils ont emmené des documents pour examen.
to be under examination → être à l'examen
The matter is under examination → La question est à l'examen.examination paper n
(= question paper) → sujet m d'examen
(= answer paper) → copie fexamination results n (= exam results) → résultats mpl d'examenexamination room nsalle f d'examen


(Sch etc) → Prüfung f; (Univ) → Examen nt, → Prüfung f; geography examinationGeografieprüfung f; examination nerves plPrüfungsangst f
(= study, inspection)Prüfung f, → Untersuchung f; (of machine, premises, passports)Kontrolle f; (of question)Untersuchung f; (of accounts)Prüfung f; on closer examinationbei genauer(er) Prüfung or Untersuchung; it was found on examination that …die Untersuchung ergab, dass …; the matter is still under examinationdie Angelegenheit wird noch geprüft or untersucht
(Med) → Untersuchung f; she underwent a thorough examinationsie wurde gründlich untersucht
(Jur, of suspect, accused, witness) → Verhör nt; (of case, documents)Untersuchung f; legal examinationVerhör nt


[ɪgˌzæmɪˈneɪʃn] n (Scol) → esame m; (inspection, of machine, premises) → ispezione f; (of accounts, passport, at Customs) → controllo; (of witness, suspect) → interrogatorio (Med) → visita
to take or sit an examination → sostenere or dare un esame
on examination → in seguito all'esame
the matter is under examination → la questione è all'esame


(igˈzӕmin) verb
1. to look at closely; to inspect closely. They examined the animal tracks and decided that they were those of a fox.
2. (of a doctor) to inspect the body of thoroughly to check for disease etc. The doctor examined the child and said she was healthy.
3. to consider carefully. The police must examine the facts.
4. to test the knowledge or ability of (students etc). She examines pupils in mathematics.
5. to question. The lawyer examined the witness in the court case.
exˌamiˈnation noun
1. (a) close inspection. Make a thorough examination of the area where the crime took place; On examination the patient was discovered to have appendicitis.
2. (also exˈam) a test of knowledge or ability. school examinations; She is to take a French/dancing exam; (also adjective) examination/exam papers; He failed/passed the English exam.
3. (a) formal questioning (eg of a witness).
exˈaminer noun
a person who examines.


اِمْتِحَان zkouška eksamination Untersuchung εξέταση examen kuulustelu examen test esame 試験 시험 examen undersøkelse egzamin exame осмотр undersökning การสอบ sınav bài kiểm tra 考试


n. examen, exploración, reconocimiento, auscultación;
abdominal ___exploración abdominal;
bladder ___cistoscopia;
cardiac ___auscultación cardíaca;
___ tablemesa de exploración;
medical ___reconocimiento médico;
neurological ___exploración neurológica;
vaginal ___examen vaginal.

examination, exam

(fam) n exploración f (form), reconocimiento (form), examen m, revisión f (fam); breast — exploración mamaria, examen mamario or de mama or seno; breast self-examination (form) autoexploración mamaria, autoexamen mamario or de mama or seno, examen de los propios senos; mini-mental state — mini-examen m del estado mental; pelvic — examen pélvico, examen de las partes (íntimas) (fam); physical — exploración física, examen físico; rectal — tacto or examen rectal
References in classic literature ?
After breakfast, while the Indians were making ready the canoes, Professor Bumper, who, in a previous visit to Central America, had become interested in the subject, made a brief examination of some of the dead bats.
Please make your examination at once, so that there will be no mistake.
Behind these, the runner leaned against a tree, where he stood the close examination of the scout with an air unmoved, though with a look so dark and savage, that it might in itself excite fear.
This rag of scarlet cloth -- for time, and wear, and a sacrilegious moth had reduced it to little other than a rag -- on careful examination, assumed the shape of a letter.
Can you land a full-grown whale on your deck for examination, as a cook dishes a roast-pig?
Anywhere else in Chicago he would have stood a good chance of being arrested; but the policemen in Packingtown were apparently used to these informal movings, and contented themselves with a cursory examination now and then.
The good woman, kindly and gossipping, seemed rather pleased than otherwise with having somebody come in to talk with; and accepted, without examination, Eliza's statement, that she "was going on a little piece, to spend a week with her friends,"--all which she hoped in her heart might prove strictly true.
I called in my agent and instructed him to go without delay and make a careful examination of these noted places, on foot, and bring me back a written report of the result, for insertion in my book.
As it was late, he would ask leave to defer the examination of his three witnesses until the next morning.
Any one having a white face, and being so disposed, could stop us, and subject us to examination.
Emma, on reaching home, called the housekeeper directly, to an examination of her stores; and some arrowroot of very superior quality was speedily despatched to Miss Bates with a most friendly note.
Encouraged by this to a further examination of his opinions, she proceeded to question him on the subject of books; her favourite authors were brought forward and dwelt upon with so rapturous a delight, that any young man of five and twenty must have been insensible indeed, not to become an immediate convert to the excellence of such works, however disregarded before.