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These nouns refer to what is representative of or serves to explain a larger group or class. An example is a typically representative part that demonstrates the character of the whole: "Of the despotism to which unrestrained military power leads we have plenty of examples from Alexander to Mao" (Samuel Eliot Morison).
An instance is an example that is cited to prove or illustrate a point: offered the statistics as an instance of why the penal system needed to be overhauled. A case is an example belonging to a particular category: a case of life imitating art. An illustration clarifies or explains: "[The author] has provided an illustration of a first-rate experimental mind at work" (Richard Bernstein).
Specimen often denotes an individual, representative member of a group or class: This poem is an excellent specimen of her work.
ex•am•ple(ɪgˈz?m pəl, -ˈzɑm-)
n., v. -pled, -pling. n.
Exampleof masters: a company of masters—Bk. of St. Albans, 1486.
If something has the typical features of a particular kind of thing, you can say that it is an example of that kind of thing.
When someone mentions an example of a particular kind of thing, you say that they are giving an example of that kind of thing.
Don't say that someone 'says an example'.
When you mention an example of something, you often say for example.
Don't say 'by example'.
Past participle: exampled
|Noun||1.||example - an item of information that is typical of a class or group; "this patient provides a typical example of the syndrome"; "there is an example on page 10"|
information - knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction
exception - an instance that does not conform to a rule or generalization; "all her children were brilliant; the only exception was her last child"; "an exception tests the rule"
quintessence - the most typical example or representative of a type
sample - a small part of something intended as representative of the whole
specimen - an example regarded as typical of its class
|2.||example - a representative form or pattern; "I profited from his example"|
internal representation, mental representation, representation - a presentation to the mind in the form of an idea or image
epitome, prototype, paradigm, image - a standard or typical example; "he is the prototype of good breeding"; "he provided America with an image of the good father"
microcosm - a miniature model of something
archetype, original, pilot - something that serves as a model or a basis for making copies; "this painting is a copy of the original"
prefiguration - an example that prefigures or foreshadows what is to come
|3.||example - something to be imitated; "an exemplar of success"; "a model of clarity"; "he is the very model of a modern major general"|
ideal - the idea of something that is perfect; something that one hopes to attain
beaut, beauty - an outstanding example of its kind; "his roses were beauties"; "when I make a mistake it's a beaut"
pacemaker, pacesetter - a leading instance in its field; "the new policy will be a pacesetter in community relations"
pattern - a model considered worthy of imitation; "the American constitution has provided a pattern for many republics"
prodigy - an impressive or wonderful example of a particular quality; "the Marines are expected to perform prodigies of valor"
|4.||example - punishment intended as a warning to others; "they decided to make an example of him"|
admonition, word of advice, monition, warning - cautionary advice about something imminent (especially imminent danger or other unpleasantness); "a letter of admonition about the dangers of immorality"; "the warning was to beware of surprises"; "his final word of advice was not to play with matches"
|5.||example - an occurrence of something; "it was a case of bad judgment"; "another instance occurred yesterday"; "but there is always the famous example of the Smiths"|
humiliation, mortification - an instance in which you are caused to lose your prestige or self-respect; "he had to undergo one humiliation after another"
|6.||example - a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding; "you must work the examples at the end of each chapter in the textbook"|
lesson - a task assigned for individual study; "he did the lesson for today"
example[ɪgˈzɑːmpl] N (gen) → ejemplo m; (= copy, specimen) → ejemplar m
for example → por ejemplo
to quote sth/sb as an example → citar algo/a algn como ejemplo
to follow sb's example → seguir el ejemplo de algn
to set a good/bad example → dar buen/mal ejemplo
to make an example of sb/punish sb as an example → dar a algn un castigo ejemplar
to give an example of sth → donner un exemple de qch
for example → par exemple
He is an example to us all → Il est un exemple pour nous tous.
to set an example → donner l'exemple
to set a good example → donner le bon exemple
to set a bad example → donner le mauvais exemple
to follow sb's example → suivre l'exemple de qn
This is an example of his work → Voici un exemple de son travail., Voici un specimen de son travail.
example[ɪgˈzɑːmpl] n (gen) → esempio; (person) → esempio, modello; (copy) → esemplare m
for example → ad or per esempio
to quote sth/sb as an example → portare qc/qn come esempio
to set a good/bad example → dare il buon/cattivo esempio
to make an example of sb → dare l'esempio (punendo qn)
to punish sb as an example → punire qn per dare l'esempio