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Related to exanthema: exanthema subitum


 (ĕg′zăn-thē′mə) also ex·an·them (ĭg-zăn′thəm)
n. pl. ex·an·them·a·ta (-thĕm′ə-tə) or ex·an·the·mas also ex·an·thems
1. A skin eruption accompanying certain infectious diseases.
2. A disease, such as measles or scarlet fever, accompanied by a skin eruption.

[Late Latin exanthēma, from Greek, eruption, from exanthein, to burst forth : ex-, ex- + anthein, to blossom (from anthos, flower).]

ex·an′the·mat′ic (ĭg-zăn′thə-măt′ĭk), ex′an·them′a·tous (ĕg′zăn-thĕm′ə-təs) adj.


(ˌɛksænˈθiːmə) or


n, pl -themata (-ˈθiːmətə) , -themas or -thems
(Pathology) a skin eruption or rash occurring as a symptom in a disease such as measles or scarlet fever
[C17: via Late Latin from Greek, from exanthein to burst forth, from anthein to blossom, from anthos flower]
exanthematous, exanthematic adj


(ɛgˈzæn θəm, ɪg-, ɛkˈsæn-)

an eruptive disease, esp. one attended with fever, as smallpox or measles.
[1650–60; < Late Latin exanthēma < Greek exánthēma skin eruption, literally, flowering]
ex•an`the•mat′ic, ex`an•them′a•tous (-ˈθɛm ə təs) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.exanthema - eruption on the skin occurring as a symptom of a disease
eruption - symptom consisting of a breaking out and becoming visible
References in periodicals archive ?
Patient 3, a 41-year-old woman, sought treatment for exanthema at her health care center in July 2004.
In addition, 1 patient with Sjogren disease was initially treated with penicillin, and later a hemangioma-like exanthema developed.
Similarly, nonrespiratory clinical signs reported in a study involving 46 human patients with PIV virus infections included conjunctivitis, exanthema, oral mucosal lesions, diarrhea, and increased levels of transaminases (22).
Fever, lymphadenopathy of submandibular lymph nodes, and exanthema at the site of the tick bite developed 7 days later.
Cowpox virus is relatively common in Europe and Asia, causes a limited exanthema, and does not often cause death of previously healthy persons.
Investigation of five cases of vesicular enteroviral stomatitis with exanthema induced by coxsackie A5 virus.
To the Editor: Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is an acute, febrile viral infection characterized by vesicular exanthema on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, and oral mucosa.
Any infection-related illnesses--URTI (with fever or [greater than or equal to] 2 respiratory symptoms), LRTI, fever without respiratory tract infection, tonsillitis, AOM, conjunctivitis, sinusitis, gastroenteritis (with vomiting or diarrhea), exanthema with fever, and other infection-related illnesses--during the HBoV1 primary infection or during the secondary immune response were compared with illnesses during the previous sample interval and the subsequent interval in each child.
Enteroviruses are known to cause many more or less organ-specific diseases such central nervous system infection (meningitis, encephalitis, and myelitis), myocarditis, enanthema, exanthema, and septicemia.
No exanthema was noted, the liver was palpable 1 cm under the costal margins, and the spleen was not enlarged.
In 3 patients, an intensification of existing respiratory symptoms or clinical concomitant symptoms such as fever was reported; in 2 children, exanthema occurred; in 2 patients, psychomotor unrest with crying fits or dyspnoea was reported; in 1 patient, diarrhoea was reported.
Physical examination showed a body temperature of 38[degrees]C, throat enanthema, generalized macular exanthema, and slightly swollen and tender interphalangeal joints of the hands and feet.