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Related to exanthema: exanthema subitum


 (ĕg′zăn-thē′mə) also ex·an·them (ĭg-zăn′thəm)
n. pl. ex·an·them·a·ta (-thĕm′ə-tə) or ex·an·the·mas also ex·an·thems
1. A skin eruption accompanying certain infectious diseases.
2. A disease, such as measles or scarlet fever, accompanied by a skin eruption.

[Late Latin exanthēma, from Greek, eruption, from exanthein, to burst forth : ex-, ex- + anthein, to blossom (from anthos, flower).]

ex·an′the·mat′ic (ĭg-zăn′thə-măt′ĭk), ex′an·them′a·tous (ĕg′zăn-thĕm′ə-təs) adj.


(ˌɛksænˈθiːmə) or


n, pl -themata (-ˈθiːmətə) , -themas or -thems
(Pathology) a skin eruption or rash occurring as a symptom in a disease such as measles or scarlet fever
[C17: via Late Latin from Greek, from exanthein to burst forth, from anthein to blossom, from anthos flower]
exanthematous, exanthematic adj


(ɛgˈzæn θəm, ɪg-, ɛkˈsæn-)

an eruptive disease, esp. one attended with fever, as smallpox or measles.
[1650–60; < Late Latin exanthēma < Greek exánthēma skin eruption, literally, flowering]
ex•an`the•mat′ic, ex`an•them′a•tous (-ˈθɛm ə təs) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.exanthema - eruption on the skin occurring as a symptom of a disease
eruption - symptom consisting of a breaking out and becoming visible
References in periodicals archive ?
days Headache Yes Yes Yes Myalgia Yes Yes Yes Nausea Yes Yes Yes Prostration Yes Yes Yes Retroorbital pain Yes Yes Yes 2 patients Adenomegaly Yes Yes No Chills Yes No Yes Dizziness Yes Yes No Low back pain No Yes Yes Taste alteration Yes Yes No Vomiting Yes No Yes 1 patient Anorexia No No Yes Cold extremities Yes No No Cough Yes No No Dyspnea No Yes No Eye congestion No Yes No Eye redness perception No Yes No ([dagger]) Hemoconcentration No No Yes Hoarseness No Yes No Leukopenia No Yes No Oropharyngeal pain Yes No No Otalgia No Yes No Pruritus No Yes No Thready pulse Yes No No * No patients had exanthema.
Roseola infantum, also known as exanthema subitum and sixth disease, is a common mild acute febrile illness of childhood caused by infection with human herpesvirus (HHV) 6 (the primary agent causing roseola) or 7 (a secondary causal agent for roseola).
Diagnosis was established on the basis of clinical manifestations of sudden onset of constitutional symptoms, spread blistering, exanthema of macules and targetoid lesions and mucosal involvement.
This finding shows discordance with many previous studies, which report an increased incidence of exanthema to antibiotics rather than anticonvulsants.
5[degrees]C, facial edema, yellow sclera, and generalized itchy maculopapular exanthema all over the body were found.
The most common clinical presentation of B19V infection in immunocompetent individuals is the erythema infectiosum (EI) or fifth disease, a self-limited childhood exanthema characterized by a "slapped-cheek" rash.
Based on European Registry of Severe Cutaneous Adverse Reactions (RegiSCAR) study group, scoring of more than or equal to four (hospitalization, acute onset exanthema with fever, involvement of at least one internal organ), the patient was diagnosed to have DRESS syndrome.
3 Because KD patients frequently have a previous history of antibiotic prescription, due to high-grade fever and elevated acute-phase reactant levels, EM can be misdiagnosed as drug eruption, viral exanthema, or infectious rash.
For those of you who may not be up to date on your viral infections, HHV-6 comes in two genetic variants, HHV-6A and HHV-6B, with 6B being the causative agent of exanthema subitum (more commonly known as roseola).
1] The characteristic clinical features are exudative pharyngitis, fever and bright red exanthema.
The differentiation between erythema multiforme and acute exanthema with target lesions occasionally may just be done by histopathological study, with the presence of necrotic keratinocytes diagnostic for erythema multiforme (16,39).
HFMD is a common viral exanthema seen in pediatric populations, predominantly in children under 5 years of age, and is most commonly caused by coxsackievirus A16 in the United States.