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Related to exanthems: exanthema, third disease


 (ĕg′zăn-thē′mə) also ex·an·them (ĭg-zăn′thəm)
n. pl. ex·an·them·a·ta (-thĕm′ə-tə) or ex·an·the·mas also ex·an·thems
1. A skin eruption accompanying certain infectious diseases.
2. A disease, such as measles or scarlet fever, accompanied by a skin eruption.

[Late Latin exanthēma, from Greek, eruption, from exanthein, to burst forth : ex-, ex- + anthein, to blossom (from anthos, flower).]

ex·an′the·mat′ic (ĭg-zăn′thə-măt′ĭk), ex′an·them′a·tous (ĕg′zăn-thĕm′ə-təs) adj.


(ˌɛksænˈθiːmə) or


n, pl -themata (-ˈθiːmətə) , -themas or -thems
(Pathology) a skin eruption or rash occurring as a symptom in a disease such as measles or scarlet fever
[C17: via Late Latin from Greek, from exanthein to burst forth, from anthein to blossom, from anthos flower]
exanthematous, exanthematic adj


(ɛgˈzæn θəm, ɪg-, ɛkˈsæn-)

an eruptive disease, esp. one attended with fever, as smallpox or measles.
[1650–60; < Late Latin exanthēma < Greek exánthēma skin eruption, literally, flowering]
ex•an`the•mat′ic, ex`an•them′a•tous (-ˈθɛm ə təs) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.exanthema - eruption on the skin occurring as a symptom of a disease
eruption - symptom consisting of a breaking out and becoming visible
References in periodicals archive ?
While the individual lesions can appear similar to other viral exanthems, classically, the lesions spare the trunk in Gianotti-Crosti syndrome.
In the article that follows, we review 8 viral exanthems of childhood that range from the common (chickenpox) to the not-so-common (Gianotti-Crosti syndrome).
Few viral exanthems and bacterial infections may present with morphology similar to drug rash which can pose a difficulty in reaching an accurate diagnosis.
In children with acute nonstroke complications, neurologic symptoms occurred a median 5 days after the onset of rash, but neurologic symptoms predated the onset of rash in five cases and in two cases there were no exanthems.
Dermatological manifestations like petechiae which are small (1-2mm) red or purple spots on the body, caused by a minor haemorrhage(a sign of thrombocytopenia, platelet function disorder, or in clotting factor deficiencies) seen in meningococcal septicaemia, typhus, enteric fever, viral exanthems, and drug reactions are very rare with malaria and are mainly seen with falciparum species.
Morbilliform (measles-like) eruption or maculopapular exanthems are the most common presentation of a CADR, accounting for 95% of all cases.
Browning JC: An update on pityriasis rosea and other similar childhood exanthems.
Browning JC, An update on pityriasis rosea and other similar childhood exanthems.
While most exanthems are selflimiting, some are not, making it important to establish a specific diagnosis, according to Dr.