exarch

(redirected from exarchy)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

ex·arch

 (ĕk′särk′)
n.
1. A bishop in the Eastern Orthodox Church ranking immediately below a patriarch.
2. The ruler of a province in the Byzantine Empire.

[Late Latin exarchus, an overseer, from Greek exarkhos, from exarkhein, to lead : ex-, ex- + arkhein, to rule.]

ex·arch′al adj.
ex′ar′chate (ĕk′sär′kāt), ex′ar′chy (-kē) n.

exarch

(ˈɛksɑːk)
n
1. (Ecclesiastical Terms) the head of certain autonomous Orthodox Christian Churches, such as that of Bulgaria and Cyprus
2. (Ecclesiastical Terms) any of certain Eastern Orthodox bishops, lower in rank than a patriarch but higher than a metropolitan
3. (Historical Terms) the governor of a province in the Byzantine Empire
[C16: from Late Latin exarchus overseer, from Greek exarkhos, from exarkhein to take the lead, from arkhein to rule]
exˈarchal adj

exarch

(ˈɛksɑːk)
adj
(Botany) botany (of a xylem strand) having the first-formed xylem external to that formed later. Compare endarch, mesarch
[C19: from ex-1 (outside) + Greek arkhē beginning, origin]

ex•arch1

(ˈɛk sɑrk)

n.
1. (in the Eastern Church)
a. a patriarch's deputy.
b. a bishop ranking below a patriarch and above a metropolitan.
2. a Byzantine viceroy.
[1580–90; < Late Latin exarchus superintendent < Greek éxarchos overseer, leader]
ex•arch′al, adj.
ex′ar•chate`, n.

ex•arch2

(ˈɛk sɑrk)

adj.
(of a xylem or root) maturing from the outside inward; having the youngest cells closest to the core.
[1890–95; ex-2 + Greek archḗ beginning]

exarch

1. in the early church, the head of a major diocese or province.
2. a bishop inferior to a patriarch but superior to a metropolitan.
3. a deputy of a patriarch, either a priest or a bishop.
4. the head of an autonomous church. — exarchal, adj.
See also: Eastern Orthodoxy
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.exarch - a bishop in one of several Eastern Orthodox Churches in North America
bishop - a senior member of the Christian clergy having spiritual and administrative authority; appointed in Christian churches to oversee priests or ministers; considered in some churches to be successors of the twelve Apostles of Christ
2.exarch - a bishop in eastern Christendom who holds a place below a patriarch but above a metropolitan
bishop - a senior member of the Christian clergy having spiritual and administrative authority; appointed in Christian churches to oversee priests or ministers; considered in some churches to be successors of the twelve Apostles of Christ
3.exarch - a viceroy who governed a large province in the Roman Empire
viceroy, vicereine - governor of a country or province who rules as the representative of his or her king or sovereign
References in periodicals archive ?
However, in 1874 the territories now claimed by the Macedonian Church were recognized as belonging not to the Serbian, but rather to the autonomous Bulgarian Exarchy, now succeeded by the Bulgarian Orthodox Church.