excess


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ex·cess

 (ĭk-sĕs′, ĕk′sĕs′)
n.
1. The state of exceeding what is normal or sufficient: rains that filled the reservoirs to excess.
2. An amount or quantity beyond what is normal or sufficient; a surplus: sold most of the stoves and put the excess in the warehouse.
3. The amount or degree by which one quantity exceeds another: Profit is the excess of sales over costs.
4.
a. Intemperance; overindulgence: drank to excess.
b. A behavior or action that exceeds proper or lawful bounds: tried to avoid financial excesses such as buying expensive clothes.
adj.
Being more than is usual, required, or permitted: skimming off the excess fat. See Synonyms at superfluous.
tr.v. ex·cessed, ex·cess·ing, ex·cess·es
To eliminate the job or position of: teachers who were excessed during the downturn.
Idiom:
in excess of
Greater than; more than: unit sales in excess of 20 million.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin excessus, past participle of excēdere, to exceed; see exceed.]

excess

n
1. the state or act of going beyond normal, sufficient, or permitted limits
2. an immoderate or abnormal amount, number, extent, or degree too much or too many: an excess of tolerance.
3. the amount, number, extent, or degree by which one thing exceeds another
4. (Chemistry) chem a quantity of a reagent that is greater than the quantity required to complete a reaction: add an excess of acid.
5. overindulgence or intemperance
6. (Insurance) insurance chiefly Brit a specified contribution towards the cost of a claim, stipulated on certain insurance policies as being payable by the policyholder
7. in excess of of more than; over
8. to excess to an inordinate extent; immoderately: he drinks to excess.
adj (usually prenominal)
9. more than normal, necessary, or permitted; surplus: excess weight.
10. (Commerce) payable as a result of previous underpayment: excess postage; an excess fare for a railway journey.
[C14: from Latin excessus, from excēdere to go beyond; see exceed]

ex•cess

(ɪkˈsɛs, ˈɛk sɛs)

n.
1. the fact of exceeding something else in amount or degree: The package weighed in excess of fifty pounds.
2. the amount or degree by which one thing exceeds another.
3. an extreme or excessive amount or degree; superabundance.
4. a going beyond what is regarded as customary or proper: to talk to excess.
5. immoderate indulgence; intemperance in eating, drinking, etc.
adj.
6. more than or above what is necessary, usual, or specified; extra: excess profits.
v.t.
7. to dismiss, demote, transfer, or furlough (an employee), esp. as part of a mass layoff.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin excessus departure, digression]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.excess - a quantity much larger than is neededexcess - a quantity much larger than is needed
overmuch, overmuchness, superabundance, overabundance - a quantity that is more than what is appropriate; "four-year-olds have an overabundance of energy"; "we received an inundation of email"
2.excess - immoderation as a consequence of going beyond sufficient or permitted limits
immoderateness, immoderation - the quality of being excessive and lacking in moderation
extravagance, extravagancy - the quality of exceeding the appropriate limits of decorum or probability or truth; "we were surprised by the extravagance of his description"
exorbitance, outrageousness - excessive excess
overplus, plethora, superfluity, embarrassment - extreme excess; "an embarrassment of riches"
3.excess - the state of being more than full
fullness - the condition of being filled to capacity
4.excess - excessive indulgence; "the child was spoiled by overindulgence"
humoring, indulging, pampering, indulgence - the act of indulging or gratifying a desire
Adj.1.excess - more than is needed, desired, or required; "trying to lose excess weight"; "found some extra change lying on the dresser"; "yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant"; "skills made redundant by technological advance"; "sleeping in the spare room"; "supernumerary ornamentation"; "it was supererogatory of her to gloat"; "delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words"; "extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts"; "surplus cheese distributed to the needy"
unnecessary, unneeded - not necessary

excess

adjective
1. spare, remaining, extra, additional, surplus, unwanted, redundant, residual, leftover, superfluous, unneeded After cooking the fish, pour off any excess fat.
in excess of exceeding, over, more than, above The health club has a membership in excess of five thousand.
Quotations
"Moderation is a fatal thing."
"Nothing succeeds like excess" [Oscar Wilde A Woman of No Importance]
"Too much of a good thing can be wonderful" [Mae West Goodness Had Nothing To Do With It]
"In excess, craving and revulsion alternate" [Mason Cooley City Aphorisms]
"The road of excess leads to the palace of wisdom" [William Blake The Marriage of Heaven and Hell]
Proverbs
"Too many cooks spoil the broth"
"You can have too much of a good thing"

excess

noun
1. A condition of going or being beyond what is needed, desired, or appropriate:
2. An amount or quantity beyond what is needed, desired, or appropriate:
3. Immoderate indulgence, as in food or drink:
adjective
Being more than is needed, desired, or appropriate:
Translations
إفْراطتَجاوُززِيادةٌ عن الحَدزيادَه
for meget
többlettúl sok
ofgnótt; óhófóhófumfram-umframupphæî
daugiau negunesaikingumasper didelis kiekispernelygpernelyg didelis
papildupapildu/liekspārlieku liels daudzumspārmērība
nestriedmosťpreplatokpresahujúci váhu
aşırıaşırı miktarfazlafazladanfazlalık

excess

[ɪkˈses]
A. N
1. (= surplus) → exceso m
an excess of [+ precautions, enthusiasm, details] → un exceso de
a sum in excess of £100,000una cifra superior a las 100.000 libras
the painting is expected to fetch in excess of £100,000se espera que el cuadro se venda por una cifra superior a las 100.000 libras
I don't smoke or drink to excessno fumo ni bebo en exceso
to carry sth to excessllevar algo al extremo
2. (= overindulgence) → excesos mpl
she was sick of her life of excessestaba harta de su vida de excesos
the excesses of the regimelos excesos del régimen; (more serious) → las atrocidades del régimen
3. (Brit) (Insurance) → franquicia f
B. ADJ
1. (= surplus) always remove excess fat from porkquítele siempre el exceso de grasa a la carne de cerdo
she lost the excess weight she had gained on holidayperdió los kilos de más que había engordado durante las vacaciones
she burns off excess energy by cyclingquema el exceso de energía montando en bicicleta
2. (= additional) [profit, charge] → extraordinario
C. CPD excess baggage Nexceso m de equipaje
excess demand Nexceso m de demanda
excess fare Nsuplemento m
excess luggage N = excess baggage excess profits tax Nimpuesto m sobre los beneficios extraordinarios
excess supply Nexceso m de oferta
excess weight Nexceso m de peso

excess

[ˈɛksɛs ɪkˈsɛs]
n
(= superfluity) → excès m
an excess of demand over supply → un excédent de la demande sur l'offre
in excess of (= more than) → plus de
to do sth to excess → faire qch à l'excès
(COMMERCE) (on insurance policy)franchise f
(= extreme behaviour) → excès m excesses
npl (= bad behaviour) → excès mpl, abus mpl
excesses of cruelty → excès de cruauté
adj
(= superfluous) [fat] → superflu(e)
(= excessive) [weight] → excessif/iveexcess baggage n (at airport)excédent m de bagages

excess

n
Übermaß nt (→ of an +dat); an excess of cautionallzu viel Vorsicht; an excess of detailsallzu viele Einzelheiten; to eat/drink to excessübermäßig essen/trinken; to carry something to excessetw übertreiben; don’t do anything to excessman soll nichts übertreiben; he does everything to excesser übertreibt bei allem
excesses plExzesse pl; (drinking, sex etc) → Ausschweifungen pl; (brutalities) → Ausschreitungen pl
(= amount left over)Überschuss m; excess of demand over supplyNachfrageüberschuss m
to be in excess ofhinausgehen über (+acc), → überschreiten; a figure in excess of …eine Zahl über (+dat)
(esp Brit Insur) → Selbstbeteiligung f
adj water, salt, energyüberschüssig; alcoholzu viel; excess fatFettpolster nt, → überschüssiges Fett

excess

:
excess baggage
nÜbergewicht nt
excess capacity
excess charge
nzusätzliche Gebühr; (for letter etc) → Nachgebühr f
excess demand
nNachfrageüberschuss m
excess fare
nNachlösegebühr f; I had to pay an excessich musste nachlösen
excess freight
nÜberfracht f

excess

:
excess postage
nNachgebühr f, → Strafporto nt (inf)
excess production
excess profit
nÜbergewinn m; excesss tax (Econ) → Übergewinnsteuer f
excess supply
nAngebotsüberschuss m
excess weight
nÜbergewicht nt; to lose excessüberflüssige Pfunde abnehmen

excess

[ɪkˈsɛs]
1. neccesso
the excess of losses over profits → l'eccedenza delle perdite sui guadagni
in excess of → al di sopra di
to excess → all'eccesso
to carry sth to excess → spingere qc all'eccesso
2. adj (profit, weight) → in eccesso

excess

(ikˈses) noun
1. the (act of) going beyond normal or suitable limits. He ate well, but not to excess.
2. an abnormally large amount. He had consumed an excess of alcohol.
3. an amount by which something is greater than something else. He found he had paid an excess of $5.00 over what was actually on the bill.
adjective
extra; additional (to the amount needed, allowed or usual). He had to pay extra for his excess baggage on the aircraft.
exˈcessive (-siv) adjective
beyond what is right and proper. The manager expects them to do an excessive amount of work.
exˈcessively adverb
exˈcessiveness noun
in excess of
more than. His salary is in excess of $25,000 a year.

ex·cess

n. exceso, sobrante.

excess

n exceso
References in classic literature ?
One could experience excess and satiety without the inconvenience of learning what to do with one's hands in a drawing-room
Victor was proud of his achievement, and went about recommending it and urging every one to partake of it to excess.
The novice in the military art flew from point to point, retarding his own preparations by the excess of his violent and somewhat distempered zeal; while the more practiced veteran made his arrangements with a deliberation that scorned every appearance of haste; though his sober lineaments and anxious eye sufficiently betrayed that he had no very strong professional relish for the, as yet, untried and dreaded warfare of the wilderness.
We had left Miles indoors, on the red cushion of a deep window seat; he had wished to finish a book, and I had been glad to encourage a purpose so laudable in a young man whose only defect was an occasional excess of the restless.
Such are enabled, with apparent ease, and without severity, to subject to their will, and bring into harmonious and systematic order, the various members of their small estate,--to regulate their peculiarities, and so balance and compensate the deficiencies of one by the excess of another, as to produce a harmonious and orderly system.
That was agreeable, so they chewed it turn about, and dangled their legs against the bench in excess of contentment.
There is not an excess of delicacy or chivalry in the ordinary country school, and several choice conundrums and bits of verse dealing with the Simpson affair were bandied about among the scholars, uttered always, be it said to their credit, in undertones, and when the Simpson children were not in the group.
One plan is, to make bets on their slaves, as to who can drink the most whisky without getting drunk; and in this way they succeed in getting whole multitudes to drink to excess.
Emma, who was not really at all frightened herself, tranquillised this excess of apprehension by assurances of Mrs.
Elinor saw, with concern, the excess of her sister's sensibility; but by Mrs.
I guessed, however, by his irregular and intercepted breathing, that he struggled to vanquish an excess of violent emotion.
The sudden excess of her alarm as she observed those ominous signs of something wrong rallied her natural energy, and determined her desperately on knowing the worst.