Recent cases of extremism in India are not really a new phenomenon; instead country's history is full of cases where minorities had to face violence and bear the brunt of exclusionism
in one way or the other.
Addressing an international seminar on 'Pluralism Vs Exclusionism
, The Case of Rising Extremism in India' organized by Institute of Policy Studies (IPS) here, he said violence had escalated not only against Kashmiris but also against minorities, including Muslims, Sikhs and Dalits, since Narendra Modi was elected as prime minister of India.
Fears of the onslaught of foreigners dissolving the community, are becoming public concerns that are sweeping many countries, like Jordan, Lebanon, Kuwait, Turkey, Britain, the United States and others, raising calls for exclusionism
that must protect the nation's purity.
Reference: The Pre-History of Religious Exclusionism
in Contemporary Pakistan: Khatam-e-Nubuwwat 1889 -1953 and Tahir Kamran
in European countries: Public opposition to civil rights for legal migrants as a response to perceived ethnic threat.
The IAM proposes that, by virtue of their vitality advantage in the country of settlement, dominant host majority members may endorse six acculturation orientations toward minorities, three of which are welcoming and include individualism, integrationism, integrationism-transformation, while three others are unwelcoming: assimilationism, segregationism and exclusionism
Hence, the young cadres that were on the verge of launching a new Islamic movement had to be involved in the quest for an encompassing discourse that could solve the real problems of Tunisian society, instead of a belief-based discourse constructed on exclusionism
in European countries- public opposition to civil rights for legal migrants as a response to perceived ethnic threat", European Sociological Review, No.
In 1964 the Colombian Revolutionary Armed Forces (FARC) emerged as a guerrilla movement fighting against political exclusionism
and social and economic inequality in Colombia, starting the longest internal armed conflict in the region.
He also urged adopting measures to provide a cultural immunity to the youth, as they form the frontline of defence against the forces of extremism and exclusionism
His analysis of anti-Semitism and its connections with the evolving exclusionism
of German communities in the nineteenth century provides the perfect illustration of Smith's larger theme: German continuity.
The racial exclusionism
of rehabilitative penology proved fatal to it as whites became a minority in prison populations in New York and other northern states in the early 1950s, a trend that grew more pronounced in the 1960s; meanwhile, popular culture began to associate southern chain gangs and prison farms, as well as the northern "Big House," with black, and increasingly, Latino men.