excommunicate


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ex·com·mu·ni·cate

 (ĕks′kə-myo͞o′nĭ-kāt′)
tr.v. ex·com·mu·ni·cat·ed, ex·com·mu·ni·cat·ing, ex·com·mu·ni·cates
1. To deprive of the right of church membership by ecclesiastical authority.
2. To exclude by or as if by decree from membership or participation in a group.
n. (-kĭt)
A person who has been excommunicated.
adj. (-kĭt, -kāt′)
Having been excommunicated.

[Middle English excommunicaten, from Late Latin excommūnicāre, excommūnicāt- : Latin ex-, ex- + Latin commūnicāre, to share (from commūnis, common; see common).]

ex′com·mu′ni·ca′tive (-kā′tĭv, -kə-), ex′com·mu′ni·ca·to′ry (-kə-tôr′ē) adj.
ex′com·mu′ni·ca′tor n.

excommunicate

vb
(Roman Catholic Church) (tr) to sentence (a member of the Church) to exclusion from the communion of believers and from the privileges and public prayers of the Church
adj
(Roman Catholic Church) having incurred such a sentence
n
(Roman Catholic Church) an excommunicated person
[C15: from Late Latin excommūnicāre, literally: to exclude from the community, from Latin commūnis common]
ˌexcomˈmunicable adj
ˌexcomˌmuniˈcation n
ˌexcomˈmunicative, ˌexcomˈmunicatory adj
ˌexcomˈmunicator n

ex•com•mu•ni•cate

(v. ˌɛks kəˈmyu nɪˌkeɪt; n., adj. -kɪt, -ˌkeɪt)

v. -cat•ed, -cat•ing,
n., adj. v.t.
1. to cut off from communion or membership, esp. from the sacraments and fellowship of the church by ecclesiastical sentence.
n.
2. an excommunicated person.
adj.
3. excommunicated.
[1375–1425; late Middle English < Late Latin excommūnicātus, past participle of excommūnicāre]
ex`com•mu′ni•ca`tor, n.

excommunicate


Past participle: excommunicated
Gerund: excommunicating

Imperative
excommunicate
excommunicate
Present
I excommunicate
you excommunicate
he/she/it excommunicates
we excommunicate
you excommunicate
they excommunicate
Preterite
I excommunicated
you excommunicated
he/she/it excommunicated
we excommunicated
you excommunicated
they excommunicated
Present Continuous
I am excommunicating
you are excommunicating
he/she/it is excommunicating
we are excommunicating
you are excommunicating
they are excommunicating
Present Perfect
I have excommunicated
you have excommunicated
he/she/it has excommunicated
we have excommunicated
you have excommunicated
they have excommunicated
Past Continuous
I was excommunicating
you were excommunicating
he/she/it was excommunicating
we were excommunicating
you were excommunicating
they were excommunicating
Past Perfect
I had excommunicated
you had excommunicated
he/she/it had excommunicated
we had excommunicated
you had excommunicated
they had excommunicated
Future
I will excommunicate
you will excommunicate
he/she/it will excommunicate
we will excommunicate
you will excommunicate
they will excommunicate
Future Perfect
I will have excommunicated
you will have excommunicated
he/she/it will have excommunicated
we will have excommunicated
you will have excommunicated
they will have excommunicated
Future Continuous
I will be excommunicating
you will be excommunicating
he/she/it will be excommunicating
we will be excommunicating
you will be excommunicating
they will be excommunicating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been excommunicating
you have been excommunicating
he/she/it has been excommunicating
we have been excommunicating
you have been excommunicating
they have been excommunicating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been excommunicating
you will have been excommunicating
he/she/it will have been excommunicating
we will have been excommunicating
you will have been excommunicating
they will have been excommunicating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been excommunicating
you had been excommunicating
he/she/it had been excommunicating
we had been excommunicating
you had been excommunicating
they had been excommunicating
Conditional
I would excommunicate
you would excommunicate
he/she/it would excommunicate
we would excommunicate
you would excommunicate
they would excommunicate
Past Conditional
I would have excommunicated
you would have excommunicated
he/she/it would have excommunicated
we would have excommunicated
you would have excommunicated
they would have excommunicated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.excommunicate - exclude from a church or a religious community; "The gay priest was excommunicated when he married his partner"
excommunicate - oust or exclude from a group or membership by decree
keep out, shut out, exclude, shut - prevent from entering; shut out; "The trees were shutting out all sunlight"; "This policy excludes people who have a criminal record from entering the country"
communicate - administer Communion; in church
2.excommunicate - oust or exclude from a group or membership by decree
excommunicate, unchurch, curse - exclude from a church or a religious community; "The gay priest was excommunicated when he married his partner"
boot out, drum out, oust, expel, kick out, throw out - remove from a position or office; "The chairman was ousted after he misappropriated funds"

excommunicate

verb expel, ban, remove, exclude, denounce, banish, eject, repudiate, proscribe, cast out, unchurch, anathematize In 1656 Spinoza was excommunicated because of his religious views.
Translations
ekskomuniciratiizopćiti
kiközösít

excommunicate

[ˌekskəˈmjuːnɪkeɪt] VTexcomulgar

excommunicate

[ˌɛkskəˈmjuːnɪkeɪt] vt [+ member of church] → excommunier

excommunicate

excommunicate

[ˌɛkskəˈmjuːnɪˌkeɪt] vtscomunicare
References in classic literature ?
Thus it was directly in the spirit and genius of the age, what happened in one instance when a church censured and threatened to excommunicate one of its members on account of the somewhat hostile part to the church which his conscience led him to take in the anti-slavery business; the threatened individual immediately excommunicated the church in a public and formal process.
The old fellow wants me to excommunicate the wheelwright, and then deliver him over to the civil arm--that is to say, to your grandfather--to be turned out of house and yard.
Why does it always crucify Christ, and excommunicate Copernicus and Luther, and pronounce Washington and Franklin rebels?
The sapient pot-boy, looking on officially, then had the conviction borne in upon his soul, that the man was evermore outcast and excommunicate from the Six Jolly Fellowship Porters.
Why does it always crucify Christ and excommunicate Copernicus and Luther, and pronounce Washington and Franklin rebels?
1591 - Pope Gregory XIV threatens to excommunicate French king Henri IV
We are saddened by the decision of the Church to excommunicate a citizen.
The case had been brought by a retired canon law professor, Hartmut Zapp, who filed a lawsuit in 2007 protesting that the church could not excommunicate him for avoiding paying the tax.